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Essay on Dry

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Drought conditions occur when there is no rainfall for long periods of time. Drought is common in many parts of the country. The outcome of this situation is harsh and many are unreliable. Drought conditions occur when some parts of the world are deprived of rain for months or whole year. There are many reasons which make dry conditions in different parts and make the situation critically. To help you in this matter, we have to provide some short and long essays of different lengths on dry.

Essay on dry - 1 (200 words)

Drought, which is marked for a long period of absenteeism or a short period, is often due to various causes, including global warming, deforestation and many other human activities. In this climate situation, there may be devastating effects on the environment along with the environment. Some effects of drought include crop failure, financial loss, value rise and soil degradation.

Many Indian states have been affected by the drought, which can inhibit the mass destruction of crops and the normal functioning of society. Many areas have died due to hunger in many areas. Given the adverse problems faced by the people in such areas, the Indian government has started drought relief schemes but there is a need to do a lot to control this problem and deal with the subsequent effects.

Some suggested solutions in this direction include rain water, recycling and reuse of water, deforestation, seawater desalination, sealing of clouds, planting more plants and trees, preventing the overall wastage of water etc. However most of these tasks can not be done. The general public should support these efforts, in this way, every person should take responsibility to stop this problem.

Essay on dry - 2 (300 words)

Drought, which comes out of water deficiency, is mainly due to lack of rainfall, the situation is problematic and can be fatal to people living in dry prone areas. This is especially a curse for the farmers because it destroys their crops. Due to continuous dry conditions, soil becomes less fertile.

Due to Drought

There are several factors that form the basis of drought. Please see these reasons in detail:

  • Deforestation: Due to lack of rainfall, deforestation is considered to be one of the main reasons, in which the condition of drought is done. To attract water, to evaporate the land, to get enough water on the ground and rain, there is a great amount of trees and vegetation on the ground. Construction of concrete buildings in deforestation and their location has made a major imbalance in the environment. This reduces the efficiency of soil water and increases vaporization. These two are due to rain
  • Low surface water flows: The main source of surface water of rivers and lakes in different areas around the world. Due to excessive heat or use of surface water for various human activities, the water is dried in these sources, which results in drying.
  • Global warming: Everyone knows about the negative effects of global warming on the environment. Other issues are the emissions of greenhouse gases in which evaporation has increased as a result of the increase in the temperature of the Earth. High temperatures also cause fire in the forest, which promotes dry conditions.

Apart from this, excessive irrigation is also one of the reasons for the drought as it eliminates surface water.


Although the cause of drought is largely known to all of us and it is mostly the result of misuse of water resources and non-environment friendly human activities. There is nothing else to stop this problem. It is time that governments of various countries should join hands to overcome this global issue.

Essay on dry - 3 (400 words)

Drought occurs when an area gets less than or equal to the average amount of rainfall, due to which water deficiency, failure of crops and disruption of normal activities. Various factors such as global warming, deforestation and construction of buildings have given rise to drought.

Types of dry

Some areas are marked in the absence of rain for long periods, other areas get less than the average amount in the year and in some parts can face drought - hence the precise and timely type of place and time period Differs from. Here is a look at different types of dryings:

Weather drought

When there is a particular period of rainfall in a particular area - it can be for a few days, months, months or years - it is affected by weather related drought. In India, an area is affected by the weather drought, when annual rainfall is 75% less than the average rainfall.

Hydrological dry

It is basically associated with water deficiency. Hydraulic dry is often the result of two consecutive weather related droughts. They are divided into two categories:

  • Surface water drained
  • Groundwater drained
  • Dry of soil moisture

As the name suggests, in this situation there is insufficient soil moisture which inhibits the growth of crops. This is the result of weather-related drought as it reduces the supply of water in the soil and loss of more water due to evaporation.

Agricultural dry

When weather-related or hydrological drought has a negative impact on crop yield in one area, it is considered to be affected by agricultural drought.


This is the situation of the most severe drought. In such areas, people can not access food and there is massive starvation and devastation. The government needs to intervene in such a situation and from other places food is supplied to these places.

Socio-economic drought

This situation occurs when due to crop failure and social security, the availability of food and income decreases.


Drought is a difficult situation especially if the severity of the drought is high. Many people are affected every year due to drought. While the phenomenon of drought is a natural phenomenon, we can definitely reduce such human activities which can create such a situation. The government should take effective measures to deal with the subsequent effects.


Essay on dry - 4 (500 words)

Dry, in such a situation that there is no equal to or very low rainfall, it has been classified in different categories including weather related drought, famine, socio-economic drought, hydrological dry and agricultural drought. Any kind of dry, it disturbs the normal functioning of the affected areas.

Drought effect

In drought affected areas, it takes enough time to recover from the disaster, especially if the severity of the drought is high. Everyday life of people in drought worsens and there is widespread impact on different areas. Here is how the natural disaster affects the lives of people living in the affected area:

Agricultural loss

Drought has a major impact on agriculture and other related areas because they are directly dependent on ground and surface water. Due to decrease in crop yield, low rate of livestock production, plant disease and wind erosion, there are some major effects of drought.

Financial loss for farmers

Farmers are most affected by drought. Crops are not produced in drought prone areas and farmers' sole income is generated through farming. Farmers are most affected by this situation. Many farmers take loans in an effort to fulfill their needs, which later becomes difficult to pay for them. Due to such situation farmers' suicide cases are also common.

Risk of wildlife

Due to drought, fire cases have increased in forests and it affects the high risk wildlife population. Due to burning forests many wild animals wash their lives while others lose their shelter.

price rise

Prices of various cereals, fruits and vegetables are increasing due to low supply and high demand. Prices of food items such as jams, sauces and beverages, especially fruits and vegetables, are also increased. In some cases the goods are imported from other places to meet the demands of the people. Therefore, the value of taxes imposed on prices is high. Retailers who offer goods and services to farmers face financial loss due to low trade.

Soil erosion

Due to continuous drying and its quality decreases moisture in the soil decreases. In some areas it takes a lot of time to get the ability to get the crops.

Overall impact on the environment

The damage in the environment is due to various species of plants and animals. There is a breakdown of scenario quality and biodiversity. Due to drought also affects air and water quality. However some of these conditions may be temporary for a longer period of time or even lasting.

Public safety at stake

Due to lack of food and rising prices of various commodities have given birth to crimes such as theft and public security has been betting. This can usually be a conflict between the users of water that creates tension between people.

Countries affected by drought

Some countries that suffer from drought include Albania, Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, the Northeast of Brazil, Burma, Cuba, Morocco, Iran, China, Bangladesh, Botswana, Sudan, Uganda, Somalia, Iran, and Ethiopia. .


Drought is one of the most destructive natural disasters. Famine is the most serious form of drought, which primarily affects the affected areas of social, economic and environmental damage.


Essay on dry - 5 (600 words)

Drought is a situation where some areas are facing shortage of water due to low or no rainfall. India has been the cause of many problems. There are many areas in the country that are affected by drought every year whereas others sometimes have to face this situation. The cause of drought is due to various factors like deforestation, global warming and inadequate surface water, and have a serious impact on the lives of people living in affected areas and on the general balance of the environment.

Drought affected areas in India

Many states in the country are affected every year by the drought. Statistics show that about a sixth part of the total geographical area of ​​the country living in about 12% of the population is a dry house.

Rajasthan is one of the most drought-hit states in the country. In this state, eleven districts are affected by drought. There is less or less rainfall in these areas and ground water level is low. Drought is also a common occurrence in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Every year, every district is affected by the drought.

Here is a look at some other areas of the country which face repeated drought:

  • Saurashtra and Kutch, Gujarat
  • Coimbatore in Kerala
  • Mirzapur Plateau and Palamu, Uttar Pradesh
  • Kalahandi, Orissa
  • Purulia, West Bengal
  • Tirunelveli District, South Vigai River, Tamilnadu

Possible solution for drought

Rainwater harvesting

This tanks and natural reservoirs have the technique of collecting and collecting rain water so that it can be used later. For everyone, rainwater harvesting must be mandatory. The idea behind this is to use available water.

Ocean water desalination

Sea water desalination should be done so that the vast amount of water stored in the sea can be used for the purpose of irrigation and other agricultural activities. The government should make big investments in this direction.

Recycle water

Waste water should be purified and recycled for reuse. This can be done in several ways. To install rain barrels, collect waste water from ro system, use of shower bucket, save water for washing vegetables and make rain gardens in this direction can help. Water collected from these methods can be used for plants.

Cloud Seeding

Seeding of clouds is done to modify the weather. This is a way to increase the amount of rainfall. There are some chemicals used for the purpose of potassium iodide, silver iodide and dry ice cloud seeding. The government should invest in the searing of clouds to avoid drought-hit areas.

Apply more trees

Construction of deforestation and concrete structures is one of the causes of rare rainfall. Efforts should be made to plant more trees. This simple step can change the situation of the climate and also bring other positive changes in the environment.

Proper use of water

Every person should take responsibility to stop the waste of this water so that adequate water is available during low rainfall. The government should take steps to monitor the use of water.

Run the campaign

The government should run the campaign by telling about the benefits of rain water saving, more trees should be done and other measures should be taken to prevent the general public from drought. This is a good way to spread awareness and to control the problem.


Although the government has made some dry relief schemes, it is not enough to overcome the serious problem of drought. It is important to take strong steps to avoid this problem. Each person should contribute himself to control this problem.

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