We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Human Cloning - An Ethical Dilemma in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Definition of cloning and its process, Types of cloning, Advantages of human cloning and Disadvantages of cloning.
Cloning is the process of creating an organism that is an exact replica of parents. Thus, the organism produced is known as a clone and the parent is genetically identical. In the process of cloning, a mature body (excluding sperm and eggs) requires the cell from the body of the parent's body. In the case of normal reproduction incident, half of DNA is done by the father and half is done by mother who induces diversity in a person and consequently creates a person who has its own unique DNA
The process of cloning requires the removal of a somatic cell from the body of the parent and it is the source of DNA for the cell clone. As the possibility of sexual reproduction is denied, the possibility of variation is also denied and as a result a clone of an ideal replication or personalized parent is prepared. The cloned egg is allowed to mature in the initial embryo stage before being implanted in a womb to the womb for the fetus. The person born from this process is called a clone.
There are two types of cloning, i.e. therapeutic and reproduction. The only difference between the two is that the fetus is not transferred to the womb of the mother in clinical cloning. Sheep, Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned.
By the supporters of human cloning it will provide to humans with the promise of benefits. Scientists believe that they can change the process of old age, as well as make heart attacks. Victims suffering from heart attack can be treated with cloning and injecting healthy cells in the areas of the heart which have been damaged. This organ will lower the donation list and save more life.
In fact, in these cases the possibility of rejection will be less because it will not be recognized by the human body as an external body. Embryonic stem cells can be used to repair organs, tissues or damaged people. Using these cells, skin, brain, heart, lungs and kidneys can be produced. Conditions such as alzheimers and parkinson's disease can be cured with the help of cloning. Cloning can be helpful in genetics
Scientists can understand better understanding of their genes, and can influence human properties. It can be helpful in removing many genetic diseases. With cloning on their hands, the researchers can easily create the organism according to their research requirements. These organisms can be used for the purpose of research, the treatment and recovery process will also be compacted with the use of the individual's own cell.
Reproductive cloning is useful for unemployed couples, those who have lost their ability to produce reproduction cells can experience the happiness of their parents. In fact, the same sex couples can have children through this method. Cloned animals of endangered animals can be made to increase their population.
Although scientists were able to clone the skin cells of the infants and humans, none of these embryos were allowed to mature. Many ethical concerns affect the same. In the case of reproduction cloning, one big concern is that children will be designed and repetitive according to their parents' wishes. This will reduce the exclusivity among children.
This, in turn, will give birth to worries about human personality and freedom. Another important ethical concern is that the children who live in the shadow of their genetic donor are expected to live up to the images of those people from whom They were made. Religious groups believe that Cloning God is against creation and nature, because humans will be cloned.
Human eggs are needed for cloning research Every month, a normal healthy woman usually produces one or two mature eggs. But, to increase the number significantly, the stimulant drug supplement for women, which is used in the processes, should be given.
In rare cases, these medicines can stimulate a hyperstimulation syndrome that can lead to liver damage, kidney failure or stroke. These types of drugs are known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer. In fact, surgery to recover the egg is also associated with the risks associated with it. If commercial benefits are offered to provide eggs to the woman, then the value of human reproduction material is restricted to some object.
While replacement of organs can be helpful in the replacement of cloning organs of the limbs on one side, there is an opportunity that people can deliberately reproduce other people with inadvertent symptoms. This will increase corruption in society.
One of the major concerns regarding cloning is that if people with the same genes are formed then this will decrease diversity. This, in turn, will reduce the capability of mankind to adapt. There is a great possibility that the donor's age can be inscribed on the growing embryo. This may cause premature aging issues and may cause death.
Nearly a million cells flow by almost one million people, if human cloning is given an official status, then such cells can be used by people to clone. This can have serious effects
Cloning is a huge topic and it is difficult to find different issues related to cloning. Risks and potential hurdles more than the benefits of cloning, however, ban on cloning can disrupt vital research and progress in the field of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry.
Reproductive cloning should be universally banned due to ethical and health problems, but research on medical cloning can be done effectively under strict restrictions and supervision. This will reduce the benefits of cloning to human species, while its risk will be reduced.