We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Police Reforms in India in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic :The Britishers introduced the policing system in our country, How its necesary for democracy ? , Cases of police high-handedness, Need of police empowerment and police reform and The government appointed many commissions and committees for recommendations of police reforms.
However, in this country of more than a billion people, where we empower some people to make laws for the country and ensure their enforcement, they themselves violate some of the laws, with the flagging of the laws, Jean -The state and citizen are in existence on the basis of the principle of social or political contract given by Jacques Rogue, the argument of social contract is the fact that individuals Has expressly or explicitly agreed to surrender their independent rights and submit the right to the state in exchange for the protection of their remaining rights. Therefore, the question of the relationship between natural and legal rights is often an aspect of social contract theory.
This is the point when the state itself begins to crush these rights, the police is teased in this matter, saying this for police reform. The police who should be the patron of the general public and the patrons of the state's law and order, will be subject to their political guru. The parochial interest, financial benefits, current laws, and other satanic activities are the main reason for the relationship between elephant-gloved relationships between the prevailing politicians and the police.
Police Act, 1861 is the central piece of law that governs all aspects of police in India. This is a British heritage, which our legislators find difficult to cast. It raises some characteristics for the loss of common people: discovery on discretion, seizure and arrest; Far and grandiose; Structuralism, Cruelty, Feudal Approach etc. Apart from other things like IPC, CRPC, Indian Evidence Act, 1872 etc., most of the police work is also helpful.
Police Act 1861 came immediately after the rebellion of 1857, to fully maintain and strengthen the British rule and to keep a check on such kind of civil unrest. However, to begin with Charles Napier, then Governor of Punjab, in 1843 a need for a civilian police system was felt. Prior to setting up a police organization in his province, he had two models- the London Police system and the Irish Constabulary system based on the London Police system philosophy- the police are public, the police is the police. While the latter meant to maintain strong control and exploitation. The Irish Constabulary Policy System was established with Indian needs. This system was later simulated in other provinces but only after the introduction of the umbrella police act of 1861, it found this all-India face.
Police is an important task for any democratic set up; it ensures law and order in society; Protects the rights of citizens, women and backward classes of society; Defective system actions; Provides safety at the time of disasters. Police does not just ensure law and order but also facilitates justice.
Therefore, it is necessary that we make the transition to make a semi-police state a welfare state, where the police is friendly to the citizens and there is no protest against their needs and demands. Police intervention is appropriate in this regard for the cases of violence with religious colors and to restore normalcy in the area. Another important aspect of police is protecting citizens' rights. Police need sensitization towards women and weaker section of society like backward classes, scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, children, transgender.
This will ensure that we go to a society where every part of the society is treated equally and is able to achieve its full potential. Recently, a case of entry of women in Shani Singapore temple came out, where women had asked for the right to enter the temple. Another aspect of the police is to break corruption from our society. In recent times, with the notion of scandals, it can be said that the activists of police, along with executive, legislative and judicial proceedings, had to check them.
However, there has been talk on such things that bureaucratic-executive alliance makes such scandals possible. The CBI adopted a stern stand on the accused and brought the accused for justice. Similarly, during the disaster management, terrorist attacks etc., police material is used to ensure important installations and relief.
The duty of the police is to ensure the safety of citizens among the people. Therefore, it is important that public places such as airports, railway stations, markets should be kept safe from any untoward incident, where the role of police becomes very important. During the 26/11 attacks, the role of the police, relief operations during the flood of Uttarakhand is relevant in this regard.
However, the image of the police in India is not so honorable. Examples of police bailout; Death of custody; Neutral to public grievances; High harmony in dealing with weaker sections of society; Insensitive approach to women; Troubles have been used in public-police relations. In the Supreme Court in 2014, the Supreme Court has said that the heavy responsibility of the police on women and helpless people should be stopped by everyone because they condemned the recent episode of police superstitions in Bihar and the contract teachers of Bihar on a woman in Punjab's Tarn Taran district. was. We often listen to cases of women who are not treated properly and their humility is being violated. The police do not respect the mind of the additional people, but it makes their relations more annoying. Mutual death is another area which is a cause of concern.
Every accused needs a fair hearing and any attempt to extort information through atrocities is a violation of the right to life and a violation of other principles of human rights. In 1994, in Barmer, Rajasthan, there is a case on the point of dissection of the male organ of Mr Jugataram in police custody. Similarly, cases of police apathy for the general public are frightening.
The reluctance to enter the FIR is at an unusual stance to pursue any matter without any urgent need. JNU's three students refuse to file an FIR on the charge of rape and in the same case, registering against the criminals, when these students were freed from the penalty in the High Court premises, it is relevant in this regard.
Police officials are shown high courtesy in dealing with weaker sections of society, far away from applying a consistent ethical conscience to the society, a single political activity is often accompanied by policemen, not against these two communities, Rather, participation and involvement in violence against minorities, other weaker sections and women.
Naxalism, which is the biggest internal security threat to the country today, can weaken and deny justice, the police can trace their origins to make a high deal. Similarly, in the direction of the recent Supreme Court, the court had the idea that 'good samaritan' which helped during road accidents should not be disturbed and the police should be sensitive in dealing with these cases. The brutality of the police also appears because the use of force is applied with fervor.
It is necessary to use batons or water cannons to spread violent mob for riot control. But the use of force against the crowd agitating peaceful movements is mandatory; In 2012, the police used the Nirbhaya case force to spread peaceful agitators. In these incidents, there is a sense of fear in the minds of citizens demanding justice.
The approach of the police fails in a safe approach rather than securing an unsuccessful view, i.e. due to any negative consequences, due to the right side of the law. Police empowerment is another area that needs attention, in case of poor service, the need for urgent attention is exaggerated and low payroll etc. Taking a leaf from some successful police organizations - can serve the purpose of Singapore, Netherlands and New York Police Departments. In order to give more power and dedication to lower, intermediate and regional officials, the operation can bring agility and tension. Training of officers is largely academic compared to academics. The assessment system is subjective and lacks of scientificity.
The introduction of the latest technology in the field of police also happens for a long time Compstat, biometrics, GPS tracking, smart gun, visual aspect system, e-police etc. can be easy tools. There is a mismatch between the functioning of police and problems of 21st century India. Due to the crimes of human trafficking, organized crime, cyber crime, illegal drug cartel and other criminals like IIC, the police are concluding due to loose, unsatisfactory, dynamic nature of operation. The police started rearranging the deck chairs when the problem of balloon on the issue of the explosion. Police reforms are necessary to reduce such interval in the system.
The government has established several commissions and committees to investigate the redundancy and suggest suggestions for police reforms. The Shah Commission (1977), Dharmaveer Committee, Julio Ribeiro Committee, Padmanabhaiah Samiti and Kamal Kumar Committee have suggested more than 600 effective recommendations. However, the government has been indifferent to this issue and has referred to political reasons, a large number of recommendations, etc. due to inability to prepare the bill of police reforms. The current situation is that the government has not taken any prudent action yet.
It brings wryness that after so much of spadework done by these committees and commissions nothing fruitful come out of the efforts. There is no gain saying the fact that alacrity on the part of government to bring reform is commendable! The vortex of suffering of the common public by the hands of despotic police and capricious politicians will continue and the Police will keep carrying the tag of "Criminals in Uniform".