We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Necessity of Equal Citizen Code in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic :Uniform Civil Code (UCC) mentioned in our Constitution, Laws relating marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption are directed by personal laws, The Britishers codified only criminal and civil law, Changes in Hindu law, Muslim personal law and Shah Bano case, Shyra Bano case and Necessity of Uniform Civil Code.
A common civil code (UCC) is a concept where a common code applies to all communities, despite their religion, caste, caste, creed etc. Under Article 44 of the Constitution under the principles of state policy guidelines, it has been mentioned that "the state will try to secure the citizens for the same civil code in the entire area of India". This provision has been kept under the principles of state policy, because it is an instruction, which was not applicable at the time of our independence in front of the Constituent Assembly.
Therefore, the state should try to get an egalitarian society where all communities are governed by a common civil code, if the concept is implemented in the future, then it will unite the communities politically, socially and systematically. In common language, the same civil code is usually related to the part of the law that deals with a person's family matters despite its original identity.
Laws relating to crime, tax, commerce, contract, etc. are similar in the whole country. But matters related to marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption etc. are guided by community practices and practices. Different religious communities living in India apply their personal laws to each religious group. The proposal of the Constitution is the essence of the Constitution and the idea of India. Its purpose is to establish India as Lord, Secular, Democratic and Republic.
Therefore, it is safe for citizens to promote justice, independence, equality and trust, while the assurance of integrity and integrity of the person is given to the dignity of the person and the nation. Letter of uniform civil code and execution in spirit will ensure the ideas mentioned in the preamble to become reality.
Debate of Equal Civil Code Our Independence and Pre-dates of the Constitution During the British era, he codified criminal law and civil law, but he kept some cases away from civil laws because they felt that these issues were deeply linked to the religious principles of that particular community. Bruisers did not want to hurt the religious sentiments of Indians, because they believed that interference on religious matters was not conducive to their business relations. Therefore, in 1933, the second law commission had warned against any law imposing on Hindu law or Mohammed law. There was a difference between traditional laws throughout religion even in India.
In particular Hindu customs related to marriage were differences among different castes. Similarly, the application of Sharia law was strictly not implemented in all parts of India. This became another regional customary law which hindered the formation of a common law for different religions. In the same way, during the religious reform movement in India, revolutionaries like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, have turned out of regressive practices in Hinduism Played an important role in removing Similarly, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan played an important role in bringing about changes in some of the personal laws applied to Muslims. He said, "If religious principles of a religion are not synchronous over time, then those principles should be fossilized."
Similarly, Mahatma Gandhi also said, "In religious texts the intellect is not immutable." In their era, these men were moral and morally wrong, who tried to get rid of customs and practices. Likewise, in the post-independence period, the Hindu Code Bill has a hot and emotional debate in Parliament. Leaders like Nehru, Ambedkar, Patel, Rajendra Prasad etc. have actively participated in the debate. However, later the Hindu Code was passed on the thin form of the bill.
Over the years, many efforts were codified for the private laws applicable to each religious group. There are some major laws related to different communities: the Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872; Anand Marriage Act 1909 (Sikh); Muslim Personal Law (Shariah) Application Act, 1937; The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1937; The Hindu Marriage Act 1955 (for Hindu, Buddhist and Jain), there are some exceptions in the Hindu Marriage Act itself which allows its application on the basis of the area. For example in South India, the concept of cousin marriage is allowed. Similarly, through the interpretation of the court, the tribal tribal allows certain exemptions for the customs duty. For many years, the court has directed the state for a common civil code.
In this context there are some very famous cases in the following
Mohammed Ahmed vs Shah Bano Case
In the 1985 Mohammed Ahmed Khan vs. Shah Bano case, known as the Shah Bano case, the Supreme Court directed the Parliament to create a uniform civil code. In this case, the victim Shah Bano had accused his husband of maintenance under section 125 of the Disciplinary Procedure Code. Nationwide discussion, obstruction and movement took place. In a serious turn of events, the then Rajiv Gandhi government directed the Shah Bano case according to the Muslim woman (Right to Protection on Divorce) Act, 1986, under which the rights of Muslim women were cut under section 125, Code of Criminal Procedure Under the pressure of Muslim clerics and conservatives, the rights of Muslim women were reduced.
Shyra Bano Case
Recently Shyah Bano's case came to light when he was given Triplex. He was forced to perform several abortions for the desire of a male child, after several attempts to achieve a male child, the husband gave him three triples. Even in this case, the Supreme Court kept its foot down and it was thought that the custom of Triple Talaak should be abolished. However, the All India Muslim Personal Law Board decided to protest any move to scrap three advances.
Whenever there is a debate on the implementation of the uniform civil code, it is given for its implementation and against it. A uniform civil code is currently in the state of Goa, it is an ideal matter. Here, implementation will bring relief for women. In all these cases, they are mostly in the end, whether divorce or inheritance. It will bring an era of Indian legal system with high level of equality among various religious groups. On the other hand, there are enthusiastic opponents of the same civil code.
It is argued that it will apply the majority customs and reflect a tyrannical state. This will further ill in the community, which will further threaten unity. Therefore, it can be said that the UCC is in conjunction with Article 25 and 26 of the Constitution for religious belief and faith. Customs and traditions should not come to protect any religion and not. It should be bound by a unified law to get equal rights to different persons of the country. Therefore, civil matters should be taken in the same law. Only after such change will we be able to achieve the promotional goal of the fraternity, equality and secularism. This political move will bring about change and will bring values of tolerance and mutual respect for every citizen.