We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on AIDS - A Fatal Disease in English language for students in 1100 words. In this article cover Topic :What is HIV and AIDS?, C Origin of HIV infection, Different ways of transmission of HIV infection, 0 Symptoms of HIV in different stages, HIV/AIDS in India, India’s initiative to control it and Available treatment for AIDS.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the most horrible disease in the history of humanity, which has caused a major catastrophe in people's mind. World AIDS Day is one of the eight public global public health campaigns identified by the World Health Organization (WHO), is celebrated globally on December 1 every year since 1988.
Government and health officials, NGOs and people around the world observe the day and are spread to increase awareness of AIDS pandemic due to the spread of HIV infection and mourn the people who die from the disease.
What HIV and AIDS?
HIV stands for 'human immunodeficiency virus', this virus that attacks the body's immune system, especially CD4 cells (T cells), which helps the immune system to fight infection. HIV has reduced the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body, in which a person is more prone to infection or infection related to cancer. Over time, HIV can destroy many of these cells, so that the body can not fight infections and diseases.
On the other hand, AIDS stands for 'Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome', which is the last stage of HIV infection and at this stage all the progression of HIV does not progress. AIDS is the phase of infection which occurs when the immune system is badly damaged when the number of CD4 cells fails below 200 cells per cubic millimeter, then it is considered to be the progress of AIDS.
Origin of HIV / AIDS
Scientists have described a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. He believes that chimpanzee version of immunodhistician virus (Symium Immunodeficiency Virus or SIV) is most likely transmitted to humans and is converted into HIV when humans hunted chimpanzees for meat and came in contact with their infected blood. . For decades, the virus gradually spread to Africa and later in other parts of the world.
One of the earliest known cases of HIV-1 infection in humans was found in a blood sample collected in 1959 in Condosha, a person from the Democratic Republic of Congo. (It is not known how infected it is.) Genetic analysis of this blood sample suggests that HIV-1 may late with L-940 or the end of the decade of the decade 50 by a single virus was.
Different Ways of Transmission of AIDS/HIV
It is important to know the various ways of the transmission of HIV in a body. HIV is spread mainly by
- Having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HJV, without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV.
- Sharing needles or syringes, rinse water or other equipment used to prepare injection drugs with someone who has HIV.
- From mother to child during pregnancy, birth or breast-feeding. In extremely rare cases, HIV is transmitted by oral sex, receiving blood transfusions contaminated by HIV, eating food that has been pre-chewed by HIV infected person, being bitten by a person with HIV, deep or open mouth kissing and so on.
HIV does not survive long outside the human body and it cannot reproduce outside a human host. It is not spread by
- Air or water.
- Moscuitoes, ticks or other insects.
- Saliva, tears or sweat that is not mixed with the blood of a HIV-positive person.
- Shaking hands, hugging, sharing toilets or closed-mouth or ‘social’ kissing with someone who is HIV-positive.
- Having one’s hair cut at the same saloon.
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
The svmptonis of HIV vary, depending on the individual and what stage of the disease a person is. There are three main stages of H1V infection
- In the early stage known as ‘Acute infection’, some people may experience a flu-like illness with 2-4 weeks after HIV infection. But some people may not feel sick during this stage.
- The next stage is, clinical latency stage in which HIV is, still active but reproduces at very low levels.
- The third stage is the progression to AIDS which have symptoms like rapid weight loss, pneumonia, extreme and unexplained tiredness, memory loss, depression and so on.
Most HIV infected people are from Iow and middle income groups. According to the WHO, the number of people with AIDS in the world at the end of 2015 is 36.7 million, of which 2.1 million people are infected with HIV in 2015. Nearly 2 million children (less than 15 years old) who do not know 17.1 million people who were found infected with HIV / AID 5, have viruses and need access to HIV testing services and about 22 million people are HIV-positive There is no access to treatment, of which there are 1.8 million children.
The vast majority of people with HIV are in low and middle income countries. According to WHO, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected area, in 2015, 25.8 million people live with HIV, Sub-Saharan Africa is 70% of the total new HIV infections worldwide. Despite the rapid spread of HIV, many countries like Thailand, Uganda, and Zanjania have made various efforts for HIV prevention.
HIV / AIDS in India
India has the world's third largest HIV epidemic. In 2013, the spread of HIV in India was estimated at 0.3%. This figure is smaller than most other middle income countries, because of India's large population (1.2 billion), it is similar to living 2.1 million peepies with HIV. In the same year, 130000 people estimated to be infected with AIDS related diseases are spreading geographically in India. The highest HIV prevalence (Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka) is in the south or east of the five state states. Some states in the north and north-east of the country, report the growing HIV prevalence.
The main influenced population, sex workers and men having sex with them have recently experienced a decline in HIV prevalence, while the number of people who are unchanged since 2007. However, transgender people are emerging as groups, high risk of transmission of HIM
India's initiative for HIV / AIDS investigation
Soon, after the emergence of first cases in 1986, the Government of India established National AIDS Committee within the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
It paved the way for the establishment of the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), which is the current Supreme Government of India, which is for their supervision. India also started a National AIDS Control Program, which was divided into three phases; Phase 1 (1992-1999) In order to monitor transit rates among the risk populations in selected urban areas, step 2 (1999-2006) increased the program at the state level and phase III (2007-12) increased targeted interventions , Aim to prevent and invert the pandemic by integrating programs for prevention, care, support and treatment.
In 2009, India established "National Snow and AIDS Policy and World of Work", which demanded to end discrimination against workers based on their actual or alleged HIM status. In addition, 'Human immuno deficiency virus and acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in February 2014.
Bill seeks to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS, prohibits discrimination against individuals with HIV and AIDS, provides informed consent and privacy regarding their treatment, the obligations of the places on establishments to their rights Prepares the mechanism to protect and troubleshoot their grievances. . In the last decade, India has made considerable progress in dealing with HIV epidemic. New HIV infection has fallen by almost 50% compared to other neighboring countries.
To accelerate the antiretroviral treatment, more sustained efforts are necessary, which are free but fast but short and require dramatic scaling. The high risk stigma and discrimination of HIV transmission and prevention of significant impact from reaching critical health care services is an important hurdle.
Is HIV / AIDS Completely Favorable?
There is currently no cure or effective HIV vaccine. The treatment involves highly active antiretroviral therapy (Heart) which slow down the progression of the disease. In addition, there are only preventive measures to deal with the issue of using a new condom during sex all the time, use of a clean needle, during pregnancy, medical care etc.
On the other hand, World AIDS Day is organized every year on December 1 and people around the world have a chance to unite in the fight against HIV, show their support for people suffering from HIV and persuade those who are dead. for. World AIDS Day was the first global health day in 1998. However, there is no cure till now, the fight against AIDS has proven the time of glorification of modern medicines. Continuous research is going on to kill AIDS virus, new and effective medicines are being done, but no encouraging results have been received so far. But no one should give up hope when we do not get success, we will try and try.