We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Juvenile Justice Act 2015 - Fear of Better Teen Settlement in English language for students in 1100 words. In this article cover Topic :The meaning of the term juvenile, The transformation of Juvenile Justice Act of India, The transformation of Juvenile Justice Act of India, This law is criticised by child rights and women rights activists and Supreme Court is monitoring the implementation of the act.
The history of juvenile justice in India goes back to the 1980s when the Juvenile Justice Act 1986 was enacted to provide care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of the neglected or criminal youth by the Parliament. Under the Act of 1986, Section 2 (A) has defined the adolescent term as a "boy, who has not attained the age of 16 years and has not attained the age of 18 years." Meanwhile, India signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 1989, which treated a person as a teenager under the age of 18 years.
In India, the juvenile system considers legal reactions in respect to two categories of children, that is, 'in conflict with law' people who are under the age of 18 are accused of committing crimes and need 'care for them' Is 'protection' (children of deprived and neglected sections of society, along with various needs and weaknesses).
Kishore Justice Policy in India, along with the prescribed orders in Article 15 (3), 39 (E) and (F), 45 and 47, many international agreements, such as rights of rights of the United Nations (UNCRC) and youth The UN Standard Minimum Rule for the Administration of Justice
It paved the way for India to amend the Baloo Justice Act, 1986 and therefore, the Youth Justice Act, 2000 was enacted. Youth Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 is the primary legal framework for juvenile justice in India.
This Act has been further amended in 2006 and 2010. After the Delhi gangrape (December 16, 2012), the law faced nationwide criticism due to its inability to commit crimes, where the adolescents were included in heinous crimes like rape and murder. In 2015, in response to public sentiment, both houses of Parliament amended this bill in India, in which juvenile age was 16 and proposed adults such as treatment for adolescents accused of heinous crimes
The Juvenile Justice Bill, 2014 was passed by the Parliament in December 2015 and it became the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015. It came into effect from January 15, 2016.
Some provisions of the Act are as follows:
- This Act is in place of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. It encounters children in conflict with the need for care and protection of law and children.
- In this Act, between 16-18 years of age, adolescents are allowed to appear as adults for heinous crimes. Apart from this, at any age of 16-18 years, who commits at least serious crimes, he is arrested after 21 years of age.
- The Youth Justice Board (JJB) and Child Welfare Committees (CWC) will be constituted in every district.
Child rights activists and women rights activists have called the act a regressive step and have criticized it. It is also argued that on the basis of the date of apprehension of a teen as a serious or abusive crime, Article 14 and Article 21 may be violated as an adult.
In order to conclude, it should be taken into account that the progressive adolescent law applied in 2000 was not being implemented properly and it was necessary to look at its provisions again. In many ways, the Children's Court (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015 is a forward-looking and comprehensive law that provides for dealing with the children in conflict with the law and the need for care and protection.
The government believes that the provision will help address public hatred on the assumption that after the crimes like murder and rape, young criminals have received light punishment. However, implementation is a very serious concern and the Supreme Court of India is monitoring the implementation of this Act in judicial proceedings.