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Essay on Problem of Unemployment in India - Government Initiatives to Settle It

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We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find Essay on Problem of Unemployment in India - Government Initiatives to Settle It in English language for students in 1100 words. In this article cover Topic : What is unemployment ?, Census Report 2011, Different types of unemployment, Factors responsible for the unemployment, It has adverse effects on economy and society and Government should take necessary steps.

It is said that in the case of economy our country is likely to move forward and move forward. But this progress is so unilateral that the net result is increasing rapidly in the number of unemployed people.

In a developing country like India, unemployment is a major problem. The number of unemployed persons increases as a population explosion. Our development plan has failed to provide jobs for the unemployed youth. Despite the five-year plans, this problem is becoming serious as usual. Unemployment can be defined in such a situation in which the person is capable of working both physically and mentally at the present wage rate, but the job does not get the job ". In other words, unemployment means only involuntary unemployment, in which the person willing to work at the existing wage rate does not get a job.

According to the census 2011, one million Indians with postgraduate, postgraduate and technical degrees were in search of work, meaning that 15 percent of the higher education students are searching for jobs. India's highest graduate unemployment rate was more than 30% in Kerala. Overall, on the basis of official census data, India's unemployment rate increased from 6.8 percent to 9.6 percent in 2001. Unemployment rises sharply due to illiteracy

There are different types of unemployment prevailing in India, including

  • Disguised unemployment in which more people are actually working from essentials, even if some are removed, production does not suffer in agriculture, agriculture is the best example of this type of unemployment.
  • Seasonal unemployment occurs during certain seasons of the year. People engaged in holiday resorts, ice factories and so on, can remain unemployed during the off season. Cyclical unemployment is due to the business cycle at regular intervals. If there is disappointment, large unemployment occurs and a large number of people are provided unemployment
  • Educated unemployment in which many people are unemployed because their qualifications do not match job.
  • Structural unemployment arises due to drastic changes in the economic structure of the country.
  • Friction unemployment due to improper adjustment between demand for labor and labor.

India has the number of responsible factors for high unemployment rates. The most important reason is the growing population in India; India's population has reached 1.21 billion, making it the second most populous country in the world. Development of population encourages unemployment directly by making a bigger addition to the labor force. Another reason for unemployment is that availability of land is limited.

The Indian population is growing rapidly, therefore, the land is not enough for the growing population. As a result, there is heavy pressure on the ground. This creates unemployment status for the large number of people dependent on farming in rural areas.

In India the current education system is responsible for some extent to the development of unemployment. Everyday education is very defective and is limited to classroom rooms only. The system is not job oriented, it is degree oriented. Thus, the people who are receiving general education are unable to do any work.

In addition, in villages, unemployment is due to lack of cottage industries. Cottage industry is in a winding state, they take only the full share of those people who depend on them.

The problem of unemployment also has an adverse impact on the economy and society. This causes the loss of human resources. Workers waste their time in search of employment. It deprives a man from all sources of income

As a result, he grows poor. Therefore, unemployment creates poverty apart from this, many social problems arise in unemployment including dishonesty, gambling, bribery, burglary etc. Due to unemployment, unemployed people can easily be confused with anti-social elements. There is also the birth of political instability.

As a result, he grows poor. Therefore, unemployment creates poverty apart from this, many social problems arise in unemployment including dishonesty, gambling, bribery, burglary etc. Due to unemployment, unemployed people can easily be confused with anti-social elements. There is also the birth of political instability.

The government should keep an eye on the education system and should try to implement new ways to create skilled labor force. A practical knowledge should be given before completing education. Apart from this, development of agriculture based industries in rural areas should be done so that rural candidates cannot be shifted to urban areas. People should create more jobs in rural areas under seasonal unemployment.

In order to deal with the issue of unemployment in India, the Government has taken several initiatives, there are some plans to be eligible for mention:

  • Prime Minister Employment Generation Program (PMEGP): The plan was announced by the Prime Minister on August 15, 2008. It is a credit linked scheme created by the former Rural Employment Promotion Program (REGP) and Prime Minister's Employment Scheme (PMRY) scheme. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a national agency nodal agency. Its main objective is to create sustained and sustainable employment opportunities in rural and urban areas of the country.
  • Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY): It was started in April, 1999 as a major program for the self-employment of the rural poor, after the restructuring of then existing Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) and other affiliates Effective implementation under schemes such as TRISEM, DWCRA, SITRA, GKY and Million Wells Scheme, a banner called SGSY Not to
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): Guaranteed employment of 100 days in a financial year in rural India, whose adult members are ready to do unskilled manual work. This act is an important step towards achieving the right to act. By developing economic and social infrastructure in rural areas, it is also expected to increase the livelihood of people on an ongoing basis.
  • Deen Dayal Skills Scheme or DDU-GKY: This is the Government of India Youth Employment Scheme which was started on September 25, 2014. Its aim is to increase the employment potential of rural youth under the age group of 15-35 years. It is also mandatory that for the 75% of the recruitment of trained candidates.
  • National Skill Development Mission, 2015: In the context of skill training activities, there is a goal of making convergence in all regions and states.
  • Make in India Programme: The scheme was launched on September 25, 2014, with the main objective of focusing on employment generation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the economy.

In this way, we should keep in mind that the most troubling problems in India are the increasing rate of unemployment in both rural and urban areas. Unless the problem of unemployment is solved in the event of war, India cannot have a future -) e bright India will need to generate 280 million jobs between now and 2050, when the working age population (15 64) The peak to reduce unemployment. There will be no peace and prosperity in the country, if unemployed people do not get proper channels. More attention should be given; otherwise this problem will help the unemployed youth to reach the wrong path.

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