We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Human Trafficking : Modern Day Slavery in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Human trafficking, a violation of human rights, Human trafficking extends world wide, Various types of human trafficking, Factors responsible for trafficking, The consequences of trafficking, Initiatives taken by the united Nations and Steps taken by the Government of India.
Human trafficking is one of the most disgusting forms of organized crime and violation of human rights around the world. There is a strong concern over the upper trend of this criminal incident and multi-dimensional nature which kills men, women and children. Trafficers neither keep borders, laws nor national prejudices.
There are purpose benefits and they are traffic in humans. Through kidnapping or deception, they deceive desperate and ignorant people, whose dream of freeing poverty from their dream turns into bad nightmares.
In the attacks of smuggling, the flag of human dignity is violently violated, the conscience of fundamental rights, thus, calls for corruption, reduces international security and development, and generates huge revenues for organized crime. The global economic crisis has increased greatly in the form of forced labor in this incident, where the generation has accepted its position due to lack of adequate options and lack of poverty.
The United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provides a global report on 'Trafficking in Persons', the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking. It is based on data collected from 155 countries. According to the report, the most common form of human trafficking is sexual abuse (80%). Victims of sexual abuse are mainly women and girls
Labor is the second most common form of human trafficking (18%), although it may be a misplaced statement because forced labor is less often detected and reported for comparison to smuggling for sexual abuse. About 20% of all smuggled children are children worldwide, although in the Mekong region and parts of Africa, children are majority (100%). Bangladesh takes first place in the list of 155 countries, with the highest rate of human trafficking in the world. In Africa, Ghana has become a destination for many trafficking in children, who are forced to work as laborers in the mines, especially gold mines. In Uganda, children are either brokered for forced labor or they are killed for their limbs. Nepal is considered the busiest route in human trafficking, where the trafficking of women is largely.
Some other countries like Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Haiti, where forced labor and girl prostitution are at a higher rate, women in Iraq are also vulnerable to crimes like sexual harassment and human trafficking. Women are sold in Saudi Arabia
It is important to understand different types of human trafficking in the world. They are
- Child recruitment, transfer, transportation involving the purpose of exploitation in children is included.
- Trafficking in women affects all areas of the world for sexual abuse. Victims are often provided with false promises of decent employment and are taken to other countries to be forced into sexual slavery.
- A forced marriage qualifies as a form of human trafficking if a woman is sent abroad, is forced into marriage and then becomes engaged in sexual conduct repeatedly.
- Trafficking in human beings is a rapidly growing area of criminal activity, with the aim of using the kidneys to describe their organ.
In the poorer areas of the world where education and employment opportunities are limited, refugees are the most common victims in the society. Trafficking in children often involves the exploitation of parents' extreme poverty. The result of human trafficking is most influenced by those who are victims of it usually involving long and repeated trauma in smuggling. Victims are at great risk of HIV infection
On the other hand, economic consequences of human trafficking are the cost of trafficking crimes in individuals, which include many elements, including the prevention of it, the treatment of victims and the value of all resources devoted to the prosecution and the fear of the perpetrators. According to the estimates of the International Labor Organization (ILO), every year, the human trafficking industry produces $ 32 billion. Human trafficking victims can be seen more in a country where there is a large population but fewer literacy and employment opportunities.
Human trafficking has been expanded in almost every state in India, especially in the Jharkhand state, human trafficking is widespread. Some southern states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka also lead the human trafficking. Delhi is the hotspot for the illegal trade of young girls for domestic labor, forced marriages and prostitution children are exclusively taken from their homes to young girls and mostly from the north-east and sexual exploitation in remote states of India. Is sold and works as a bonded labor. In some states, girls are also forced to get married, where female gender ratio is very unbalanced.
The world has taken the initiative to deal with the serious issue of human trafficking. These include
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has assisted many NGOs in the fight against human trafficking.
- To fight human trafficking, the UN Global Initiative (UNGIHT) was conceived to promote a global fight against this crime.
- United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for victims of trafficking in individuals, provides humanitarian, legal and financial assistance to victims of human trafficking.
Efforts have been made by the Government of India to settle the issue of human trafficking. It punishes trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation through the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (CEPA), 1986, in which there is a provision of punishment from seven years to life imprisonment.
India bans bondage and forced labor through the Bonded Labor Elimination Act, Child Labor Act and Youth Justice Act. Indian officials have used 366 (A) and 372 Indian Penal Code respectively, which prevents kidnapping and sale of minors in prostitution. A non-smuggling nodal cell has been set up under the Home Ministry. The Home Ministry has launched a web portal on human trafficking and the Ministry of Women and Child Development has been implementing Thisma, it is a program focused on rescue, rehabilitation and repatriation of victims. Even the Indian Constitution prohibits traffic in individuals. Article 23 prohibits "movement in humans and other similar types of workers" in the constitutional rights section.
Even though large number of efforts are being made in the world as well as against this crime in India, but it is still very popular in society. On a large scale, more efforts are required to overcome this evil from society. Some stringent anti-smuggling laws and their proper implementation are required. People should be educated on issues of human trafficking and the survivors should help in getting security and happiness.