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Essay on Consumer Protection Law in India

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We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find Essay on Consumer Protection Law in India in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : What is consumer protection law ?, History of consumer protection in Indian civilisation, The Britishers introduced legal system by replacing old traditional system, Indian Constitution protects consumer rights, Disadvantages faced by the consumers, Different laws are passed to protect the rights of the consumers, The aims of the Consumer Protection Act, The major areas covered by the Act. and This act maintains the balance between forces of globalisation and interest of the consumers.

Due to globalization, dependence on other countries is increasing and the relationship between world economies has increased. The positive result of this trend is that universal emphasis has been placed on consumer protection and promotions. Consumers are now becoming aware of their rights and safety mechanisms available to them. Consumer protection laws are being prepared and up-to-date to ensure fair trade competition and free flow of real information in the marketplace. Now, as India is keen to become a world power, focus is on consumer protection laws.

The rich land of grand Indian civilization has its roots in consumer protection. In ancient India, human values ​​and ethical practices were placed at the highest level. Religions and Vedas were the primary sources of law of ancient India. Manu Smriti has set a specific penalty for traders for various crimes against the Code of Conduct and consumers. Kautilya's economics is another lesson that is dealt with by consumer protection. This lesson describes the role of the state in business regulation and deals with its duty to prevent crimes against consumers. In modern times, the British started the legal system, which changed the old traditional system of India. However, this system adopted Indian conditions and made the best combination of Indian and British systems.

Some of the laws dealt with consumer protection during British era include the Indian Contract Act (1872), Indian Penal Code (1860), Liberalized Loans Act (1918), Goods Act Sales (1930), Agricultural Process (Grading End Marketing Act) (1937) and the Drugs and Cosmetics Act (1940).

These laws have provided specific legal protection to consumers, with the adoption of the Constitution, generally a new dimension was provided for the laws of dealing with 'citizens' and in particular the 'consumer', the constitution provided a philosophical basis. , Which today is the structural building of Indian consumer protection laws. Experts have compared the term 'consumer' with the word 'citizen' in the constitution.

Article 14 guarantees protection against equality and laws similar to the provisions of Article 14 of the Constitution. Therefore, manufacturing, producers, businessmen, vendors and consumers enjoy similar treatment before the law. The consumer is also entitled to constitutional protection under article 38, which states that the state will try to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting social order, in which justice, social, economic and political informs all institutions. National life

Article 46 Ordinance is that the state will promote special care with the educational and economic interest of the weaker sections of the people and save them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. In the context of consumers "protection against exploitation of all types" means that consumers should be protected from all forms of harassment and fraud in the market.

Various law laws have been introduced in India since independence to protect the rights of consumers, to give a constitutional mandate a solid legal status. The Consumer Protection Act enacted after independence includes the Essential Commodities Act (1955), the Food adultery Act (1954) and the Weight and Measures Act (1976). However, despite all these laws, consumers are still finding themselves at the loss, they are still victims of dishonest and exploitative practices. In addition, many other forms of adulteration of food items, counterfeit medicines in exploitation of consumers, unrealistic fare purchase scheme, irregular and inflated pricing, poor quality, lack of services, misleading advertising, dangerous products and black marketing among other things Is assumed.

A major development took place in this direction on April 9, 1985, when the UN General Assembly's Consumer Protection adopted a set of guidelines for Consumer Protection. Members were required to adopt these guidelines through national laws. These guidelines include:

  • Security and incentives of the consumer's financial interest
  • Standards for the safety and quality of consumer goods and services
  • Measures to enable consumers to get solutions
  • Consumer education and information programs.

Although these guidelines were not legally binding, they certainly provide an internationally recognized set of fundamental objectives to strengthen their consumer protection policies and laws for countries.

The Consumer Protection Act (1986) in India was finally implemented and specially designed to protect the interests of the consumer. This work is the social welfare law with two main objectives. First of all, this act empowers consumers to protect against the marketing of hazardous goods and services. This means that consumers have the right to know about the quality, quantity, accuracy, standards and prices of goods and services. Secondly, the purpose of this act is to provide quick relief to consumers related to disputes arising out of unfair trade practices.

The Consumer Protection Act desires to overcome all obstacles to promote competition between business units. It strives to make provisions for the disposal of consumer disputes to establish consumer councils and other related officers to provide better protection of the interests of consumers. The purpose of the provisions is to provide effective protection against exploitation and harassment to consumers. This work is more comprehensive in coverage and beyond just being punitive or preventive in nature. Unlike other laws, the Consumer Protection Act is also supplementary in nature. The advantage of this work is in flexible jurisdiction and flexibility with affordable justice system.

The Consumer Protection Act applies to all goods and services, unless specifically exempted by the Central Government. It covers all areas including public, private and cooperative societies. It provides judicial officers, who are simple, fast and less expensive. It also provides for Consumer Protection Councils at national, state and district levels.

These are the first point of contact before listening to complaints. If a consumer is not satisfied with the order of the District Forum, he can file an appeal against the order of the State Commission within 30 days of the order, which is further to be extended for 15 days. An appeal against the order of the State Commission is contained in the National Commission. The last appeal can be made with the Supreme Court.

With nearly 20 years of existence and through many modifications, the Consumer Protection Act is standing on the test of time. But still there is a lot of scope for further improvement this Act deals with the problems of an individual consumer.

This is not specifically to deal with issues related to maintaining or enhancing the supply of any essential commodities or achieving their equitable distribution. However, despite its shortage, the Consumer Protection Act of 1986, which provides easy access to justice, has brought a revolution in India as a result of cost-effective mechanism and popular support. In this age of consumers, the rule of Indian consumer protection law will undoubtedly rule over Indian markets and balance between globalization and the interests of consumers should be maintained.


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