We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Electoral Reforms and Indian Democracy in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Importance of election in democracy, Election procedure in India, Significant amendments in the acts, Introduction of electronic voting machine, The concept of NOTA, The different committees' contribution regarding electoral system, Criminalisation of politics and electoral system and Steps taken by the Election Commission to strengthen democracy.
India has the distinction of being the world's largest democracy and elections are an integral part of the democratic system. A successful democracy is based on independent and unbiased elections, which is not on people with rigging and tampering. While politics is the art and practice of dealing with political power, elections are the process of validity of such power.
The Indian Election Commission (ECI) is a permanent constitutional body established on January 25, 1950. Reserve Bank of India is the guardian of independent and fair elections in India. After independence, elections are held every five years at the state and national level so that people can choose representatives and choose the government. About the election of Article 326, House of People and Legislative Assemblies of the Indian Constitution.
In these years, there have been many electoral reforms in India. With the amendment of the Constitution (1 Amendment) Act, 1988, the age of voters was reduced from 21 to 18 years and it completely approved the new generation voters. A new Section 13 CCC was added under the Public Representation Act, 1951, in which it provides that officers or employees engaged in the preparation, modification and improvement of the electoral roll for the election will be deemed to be deputed on the Election Commission for this period. . During this period, employment and such employees are subject to the control, superintendence and discipline of the Election Commission. Apart from this, the number of voters who will be included in the nomination papers for the elections of states and legislative councils has been increased to 10 percent in the constituency of 10 voters, which is less to stop the ruthless candidates. . For the general elections in November 1988, for the first time in the Assembly constituencies in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and New Delhi, electronic voting machine (EVM) was used on an experimental basis. Election Commission has successfully completed the important work of introduction of the photo identity card for all the voters of the country to use the EVM during the rights elections under section 324 of the Constitution. It has been successful in eliminating fraudulent and duplicate entries during the elections.
In 2013, during the assembly elections held in these five states, no-nota (no other option) was used for the first time. The Honorable Supreme Court recognized the rights of the citizens of the People's Union for Civil Liberties v. Union of India Case Nota, recognized the rights of the citizens and recognized that during these differences, they should vote during their confidentiality. The real spirit of democracy lies in giving citizens the power to use their rights. Nota changed the process of filling the form 17 (A), which was used to cast negative votes. Form 17 (A) was under Section 49 (0) of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961.
Despite all these reforms, there are many such serious issues that have suffered the Indian election system for decades. Consequently, many committees have tested the major challenges affecting these issues and the Indian election system. National Commission, ECI proposed to review the functions of the Goswami Committee (1990), Vohra Committee (1993), Indijit Gupta Committee election, state fund (1998), constitution (2001) on election reforms in committees Electoral Reforms (2004), Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC-2008) and Indian Law Commission all these committees pointed to deviation and irregularities in the election process and then for its implementation Made Ifarisen.
Elections have become synonymous with corruption, communalism, violence and power. Criminalization of politics has misused money and power. Law-breaking people have become law makers when it is difficult to expect fair and just judgment. Due to the inclusion of anti-social elements in the legislatures, the essence of democracy was diluted and led to a weak electoral system. Section 8 of the Representation of the People Act, strongly supported the ineligibleness of the candidates with criminal background. But according to Section 8, a person is declared disqualified by the court on the basis of only one sentence. The Election Commission has proposed to amend this amendment 4 times in the law so that any person can be disqualified from contesting elections in eight convicts for 5 years or more in the charge of criminal offense. The fact is that it will play an important role in cleansing the Indian political system. ILAT In July 2013, the Hon'ble Supreme Court had given a decision that MPs and MLAs are being held guilty of serious crimes to prevent them from contesting elections. This section has not been strictly adhered to in Indian elections. Opponents of this law have firmly believed that a person is considered innocent until a court is proved guilty.
It is contradictory that everyone, including the Election Commission, knows that the limit for the prescribed expenditure for elections is enough to cover only the small proportion of the actual expenses. There is no medium through which the EC can examine expenditure incurred by candidates and political parties during the elections. During the election period, the state and central government became stiff in advertising under the guise of providing information to the public. The expenditure on these has been recovered from the official treasury. It is in the power of the government which has an edge over others, payments news and political advertisements in the regional and national media are increasing rapidly. Election Commission has determined the morality of the code of conduct of political parties as well as candidates of political parties. But the bitter truth is that these rules are explicitly mentioned and they never follow. Unfortunately there is no shortage of laws, but their strict execution and implementation.
Over the years, the Election Commission has organized several commendable reforms to strengthen democracy and conduct free and fair elections. However, still much more can be done. Elections • The commission should be dealt with more power and authority. It should have the power to punish politicians and political parties who do not violate election laws. Political parties need to show their desire to follow the reforms. It is high time that citizens of India vote above the issues of religion, caste and community, and vote on the basis of their commitment. Citizens should be aware of their rights and duties. An enlightened voter is the basis of a successful democracy. All these reforms will make India a long way to make democracy in its true sense.