We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Women's Reservation Bill : Forgotten Issues in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Essay on Women's Reservation Bill : Forgotten Issues, Define Women's Reservation Bill, Divergent views both positive and negative regarding the Bill, India's position in Human Development Report, Necessity of Women's Reservation Bill, Positive effects of the Bill, Criticism against the Bill and Achievements of the Bill.
The Women's Reservation Bill was first introduced in the form of the 108th Constitutional Amendment Bill by the UPA Government in 2008. The bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha in 2010. However, this attempt was made earlier in 1996, but the light of day was not seen in any house. Various attempts have been made by different governments in the past two decades but our disappointment efforts have been met from a dead end.
There is a 'positive action' for reservation for any group, promotion of state or empowerment or liberation. In almost every case, these groups are facing a hurdle in the past due to organized or social discrimination. In this context, when 72th constitutional amendment was passed in India, 33% seats were reserved for women to provide democracy at the Panchayat level. This provision has changed the face of villages in our country to a large extent. Women are elected as a leader, have become agents of change and have contributed to the good of other women.
In the Indian Parliament, the 108th amendment in the Constitution was presented in the Women's Reservation Bill, 2008. It wants to provide 33% reservation for women in Parliament and State Legislatures. There is also a provision in the bill where one-third of seats will be reserved for women belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes seats in Parliament and State Legislative Assembly. Reservation of seats in the constituency will be allotted by the rotation in the parliament and the state assembly. An authority will be appointed by the Parliament, which will determine the allotment of reserved seats. Apart from this, the bill was highlighted that the provision will not be in existence after 15 years from the beginning of the law.
There are several different ideas about the bill, the relevant reasoning for both the bill and for the bill, the purpose of the bill as told by its supporters is that although the different provisions of the Constitution show the similarity of the gender, the reality is very much from reality is far. Therefore, the state has the duty to take positive action to improve the situation of women. Based on various studies, it is believed that reservation in politics allows for redistribution of resources for those people who are marginalized in a related study conducted by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj in 2008, it was stated that for women 33 % Reservation allowed for women's self-esteem and decision-making ability to increase.
The United Nations presents human development reports every year. In this report, the Gender Inequality Index (GII) has been presented. Gill has followed inequalities on three parameters. These are health, labor market participation and empowerment. Under the empowerment, women's participation in the Indian Parliament, with participation of 12.2% women, is more than 130 in the list of HDRs. Sweden is the world's top-ranked country with 47% of women in the parliament. The process of reservation will charge on the demographic profile of our Parliaments.
Another reason is that women should be given reservation in parliament and state legislatures because women parliamentary and state legislators are more sensitive to the problems of women's lives. Indian society is mostly patriarchal society, crime against women is spread across the length and breadth of the country in the form of rape, dowry, domestic violence, systematic marginalization, women's devotion etc.
Therefore, to achieve gender equality and reduce crimes against women, women have to act as agents of self-change: Aristotle said, "It is important for women to know that they are there (within the political process) ) Whether it is at the rural council or urban council or at other levels of policy making, they have to ensure that many of them are addressed. " Do not increase the representation of women, it will create the environment to indirectly or directly will facilitate these goals a positive social and economic policies for the realization of the full potential of women.
This will increase the inequality and de-facto happiness of all human rights and fundamental freedoms. It will provide equal access to women for health, education, employment, social security etc. This will change the social attitude and community practices, which inhibits women's independence and empowerment.
On the other side of the debate, there is a strong protest against the bill. They consider it one step backward and one step in the wrong direction. They suggest 4 that falsely representation is seen at the Panchayat level that the seats reserved for women, which is the selection of candidates, is either the wife or female relative of the male representative of the farmers.
In fact, when these women candidates are elected, their male counterpart runs a puppet show, hence there is no real empowerment, apart from this it is also argued that the reservation will break the option for the voters, leaving behind the meritorious candidate. Give it
Consequently, this will create a wide gap and gender inequality is more likely to grow. The resort will flow between male candidates and as a result women will be marginalized further. Political commentators believe that this will be against the liability of our constitution despite gender, even if it guarantees equality. This will be a form of discrimination against women, this provision can not guarantee an unwanted effect where its benefit reaches the lowest level in the society.
Politically, financially, socially prosperous women began to grab seats, there would be no change and maintain status quo. The Women's Reservation Bill will prove to be an issue of debate in the coming years. But before the bill passes by Parliament, basic work should be done for the actual result. Otherwise, it will fulfill the fate where the margins will remain marginal and the electricity will be deposited in the rich.
Thus, it has come to the conclusion that the Women's Reservation Bill will really be a milestone in achieving our goal of a true and enlightened democracy and should be implemented at the earliest possible opportunities.