We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Panchayati Raj and Rural Development in India in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Panchayati Raj, a concept given by Gandhiji, The history of Panchayati Raj, Different committees reports regarding Panchayati Raj, Three tier structure of Panchayati Raj, Areas of work of Panchayats, Advantages of this system, Different schemes implemented by it, Significant role played by it to transform the face of rural India.
The Panchayati Raj was a great dream of Mahatma Gandhi, our great leader, who wanted to strengthen democracy at the level of this system.
In our country, 70 percent of the population is rural areas and since the beginning of recorded history Indian village has the backbone of panchayats.
The history of Panchayati Raj goes back to our independence after our independence. Efforts have been made to strengthen the system of Panchayati Raj to give a sense of participation of citizens in the nation building program. It was with the objective that community development program was started in 1952. It used to try and promote development and employment in rural areas, use of scientific methods of agriculture, cotton and other industries to encourage small industries. Balwant Roy Mehta Committee was established in 1953 to evaluate the impact of community development program. It is suggested that the establishment of Panchayati Raj institutions
The underlying idea was to start in an era of democratic decentralization: 'There were some other committees created in Panchayati Raj: V.T. Krishnamachari, 1960; Ashok Mehta Committee, 1977; GVK Rao Committee, 1985; L.M. Singhvi Committee, 1986. Finally, in 1993, 73th Panchayati Raj institutions were established through a Constitutional Amendment Act.
It provides for a three-level structure of Panchayati Raj, a District Panchayat or Zilla Parishad, a block panchayat at the middle level and Gram Panchayat at village level. In most of the states, members of Gram Panchayat are called Gram Sabha and all voters in this constituency are members of this body. There is no level of Gram Sabha system. There is no executive function in it and acts as a recommended body only.
Almost all the states have handed over the powers and responsibilities to the panchayats in different degrees. Article 243G of the Constitution has broadly defined the areas of work to formulate a plan for the socio-economic development of its areas. These areas have been clearly exposed in the 11th Schedule of the Constitution.
Highlighted work is ensuring safe drinking water; Maintaining community assets; health and cleanliness; Rural electrification; Physical infrastructure such as roads, bridges, waterways, etc. These institutions have made several changes which have been brought about.
Through village panchayats, activities are handed over to MGNREGS and audit work is done. MGNREGS has breathed a relief for rural population as rural crisis was running due to unemployment. MGNREGS has become a tooth in the aspect of development and development. Gram Sabha is included as a main unit for providing employment to the people in rural areas and for building infrastructure.
Similarly, Panchayati Raj institutions have broken the EA Sty, age and gender structure of the village. People of higher castes, old members and men are on top of decision making 33% reservation for women and provision of reservations for Scheduled Caste / Scheduled Tribes in the body has enabled the villagers and the government to achieve equality in the village. It has broken old structures and is in mainstream based on marginalization.
Similarly, many states and central government schemes have been implemented at these grasslands level. Rural Housing Schemes (Prime Minister Housing Scheme, Rural), Rural Electrification Plans (Rural Electrical Engineer), Health and Sanitation (ICDS and Clean India Mission), Infrastructure (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana) Are there.
These schemes have been implemented with the help of these bodies. Similarly, the Gram Panchayat has worked as the first reaction unit during the disaster. Awareness program is being organized, an awareness program has been organized, enabling these bodies to respond quickly during the time required.
Similarly, in the field of agriculture, these bodies have contributed immensely. Awareness about organic farming, soil health card scheme has been implemented with the help of Gram Sabha. Similarly, many infrastructure projects, animal husbandry activities, fisheries etc. are being done by these bodies. Co-operation like Amul was conceived at these levels. Therefore, the integration of resources and efforts is their identity, similarly, the concepts of social forestry, agriculturalists have been encouraged by the panchayat.
The government has planned to establish formal markets which will remove the arbitrators. Therefore, the maximum share of benefits in the hands of farmers is on the ground. Panchayat will be a competent factor in this scheme.
Apart from this, the Panchayat has a mandate to plan and implement schemes in small scale industries, food processing industries, khadi and cottage industries. These industries require proper planning and financing, with the coordination between bodies of middle, state and panchayat level, it will help in achieving this full potential.
Panchayati Raj institutions have huge potential to change the face of rural India. But, there are some structural and functional problems that have hindered the feeling of full potential
Thus, Panchayat system plays an important role in India. This system is quite rational and there is complete harmony with the spirit of democracy and it should be strengthened and encouraged. It should be financially viable and self-reliant by providing adequate resources, money and generous grant.
Reservation of seats for women, scheduled castes and tribes in Panchayat is a welcome step as it will make the institution of Panchayat more democratic, representative and balanced. Panchayat elections are organized and monitored by the Election Commission to ensure elected and unbiased elections. All these measures ensure a bright and long term future of Panchayat system in India.