We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Agriculture sector in India and the different divisions of agro industry, Government's control over agricultural sector, Entry of private sector players in agriculture leads to wonders, Multiple factors for the growth of agricultural sector, Different schemes taken by the government and To regularise and update agriculture sectors different steps are to be taken.
India is an agricultural economy and agriculture sector is one of the main contributors to the country's GDP. This is a major source of livelihood for many families of rural India. Indian agricultural industry can be divided into many sub-sectors like canned food, dairy, meat, poultry, grains, fisheries and frozen food. Under the Ministry of Agriculture, the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation is responsible for the development of this region in India. It manages other bodies such as National Dairy Development Board to take care of the development of other affiliated agricultural areas. Our country is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices in the world, making a big chunk in the list of agricultural exports exports.
India's agricultural sector is highly dependent on the monsoon. It is quite clear from the fact that imports of edible oils and pulses like the last two consecutive bad monsoons, such as 2014-15 and 2016, are facing a significant decline in reaching the highest time and export of agricultural based products. Fertilizer industry in India is facing its share of the crisis as large number of manufacturing units are on the verge of closure. Agriculture sector in India is unrelated and lacks proper planning, governance and rules. Most farmers take their small land and this makes them weak. Farming on such small areas is not economically feasible. Information about crop insurance in the agricultural sector is restricted.
This makes farmers aware of the risk of crop failure due to bad weather, lack of resources. Middlemen are involved in selling the farmers 'products in the farmers' market. This cuts on profit which otherwise went to the farmers. In many cases, fertile land is being sold to real estate builders and these lands are giving way to skyscrapers. Suicide is increasing among the farmers on a large scale.
India's agricultural sector is considered highly regulated with the broad participation of the government. In many cases, the Minimum Support Price (MSP) fails to reach the farmers, which ultimately has to bear the loss of crop failure. The government needs to ensure that the MSP reaches the needy farmer and is not limited to the big landlords. There are many restrictions on internal and external trade, which has resulted in high cost marketing and business options for agricultural commodities. On carefully analyzing, one can conclude that private sector investments in the agricultural sector are relatively less. The government needs to create an enabling environment to attract private sector investment to the same area.
Private sector players in agriculture can do miracles for farmers of India, private players can help in capitalizing and taping important areas like oil pulses and pulses. Apart from this, they can help farmers realize their full potential and can provide competitive prices for their produce.
The government needs to focus on the infrastructure of rural areas such as connecting roads, market yards and warehouses. This will help to save overhead cost in Indian markets to be more open to genetically modified crops and should be encouraged. It would be useful to get better yields and output. At present, this is the only genetically modified Bt cotton that is sold in the Indian market.
There are several factors that contribute to the development of agricultural sector in India. Some factors include increase in household income and consumption, expansion in food processing sector and an increase in agricultural exports. Government of India has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with many countries to provide better agricultural facilities in areas such as research and development, crop management, plant conservation etc. With the entry of private sector, Indian agriculture will be witness to a new era defined by rising technology and productivity.
Government has launched several schemes to solve the above problems of farmers. Krishnanita Yojana is a new umbrella plan that includes the existing schemes like the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIHH), Oil Seeds and National Mission on Oil Palm and National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.
National Food Security Mission (NFSM) includes the display of cluster of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereals, distribution of hybrid seed varieties, soil management practices, efficient water management and farm mechanization. For coordinated development of Horticulture (MIHH), Mission is focused on providing technology to provide quality seed products like plantation plants like fruits, vegetables, spices, dried fruits, flowers and plantations such as bamboo and coconut. The objective of the National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Crops is to improve the yield of crops of oil seeds using agricultural techniques such as using reciprocal and underground land. The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) aims to make agriculture more productive and sustainable. Soil Health Card Scheme is a recent government initiative, which aims to evaluate the soil health of individual farms and to provide nutrients recommended for crop production and soil fertility. Paramapragat Krishi Vikas Yojana is another new scheme which motivates groups of more than 50 farmers to switch over to organic farming. Farmers' Portal, Kisan Call Center, Kisan Call Center (KCC), Agriculture-Mail, Agriculture-Clinic and Agriculture Business Center, DD Farmer Channel, spread information to farmers related to crop varieties, fertilizers, equipments and latest technological progress. . Prime Minister Agriculture Irrigation Scheme Providers End-solution for irrigation related problems
This time is the inclusion and application of sustainable practices in the agricultural sector. Being one of the main areas of the Indian economy, regulating the agriculture sector and updating itself. To make better use of the available resources, farmers should be taught about the option. Focus should be on increasing the productivity of land and irrigation. Improvement of piped carriers, water management of water, better water management processes like drip irrigation and rain water harvesting should be used.
Instead of exploiting ground water resources, farmers need to pay attention to the usage. They should be encouraged to develop high value items, especially in those areas which receive high rainfall, crop diversification is another important point which can be kept in mind. Soil Health is another important factor that farmers should avoid the practice of organic farming and avoid the use of DDT, pesticides and pesticides. It will be helpful in maintaining soil health and achieving better yields.
Rather than providing subsidy on water and electricity to the farmers, it could be a better option to provide subsidies on premium and to eliminate capping in case of crop insurance. This will encourage farmers to adopt innovative technologies, increase the productivity of the crop, and they will be more interested in taking risks. As more and more farmers will gather to deposit their resources, premium rates will fall automatically. A strong crop insurance is the best way to deal with the risks associated with agriculture sector.