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The United Nations came into existence on October 24, 1945. The term United Nations and the concept was the brainchild of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The idea to fight against Axis Power (Axis Power: Germany, Italy, Japan) during World War II was in 1942. After World War II, the establishment of the United Nations was to prevent such a pandemic war. However, with the passage of time, the United Nations continued to provide international level maintenance, social and economic development, assistance in humanitarian aid, distribution of justice, protection of women and child rights etc., as well as areas related to the maintenance of international peace Has included himself in. Different agencies
By 2017, 193 members of the United Nations are with the headquarters of New York, the United Nations has five major parts, namely United Nations General Assembly, (UNGA), United Nations Security Council (United Nations Security Council), United Nations Economic and Social Council ECOSOC), Trusteeship Council and International Court of Justice There is a UNGA forum where discussions and policymaking are conducted. There are 15 members of the United Nations Security Council (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). The permanent notice enjoys Veto Power on issues brought in their notice. The United Nations Security Council can call the parties to resolve disputes in a disputed manner and may recommend instructions or terms of settlement settlement. The Security Council also has the right to deploy army to implement peace and order.
The main objective of the United Nations was to prevent large-scale future war and suffering. But in the past fifty years hundreds of millions have been killed in hundreds of conflict. Syria is a burning example where millions of people have been killed. Much of the UN Human Rights is a mandate to promote throughout the world, but the continuous violence, balloons and massacres in the Central Africa (1990), Sri Lanka, Syria (recently), Civil War. The voting rights in the General Assembly are not related to the human rights record of a government. The United Nations also suffers from bloated bureaucracy, which is not related to seniority potential, resulting in a slow decision making and failure to operate in a crisis like Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia.
There are also institutional problems related to the General Assembly and the Security Council, under which the General Assembly's proposal with comprehensive support can be interrupted by one veto from one of the last five. It has led to unilateral actions by countries such as USA and NATO, which has reduced officials. The United Nations has not been included at all in the international progress since 1945 due to the lack of credibility for the UN in tackling issues such as the United Nations, and Israel and Palestine. Peace was created between the great powers due to the Cold War and the mutual accident, while institutions such as the IMF, World Bank, GATT and the World Trade Organization jointly worked in the United Nations to promote independence.
The UN's relevance is still there, because it does many activities through its funding, program, special agency and others. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) works in more than 170 countries. The main purpose of UNDP is to reduce poverty eradication, inequality and boycott. It helps in formulating policy, developing institutional capabilities and creating flexibility for strong development and development.
Some remarkable efforts by UNDP, sustainable development goals, democratic governance and disaster management are in the area. United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is an organization that is promoting children's rights and well-being. UNICEF works to overcome obstacles like poverty, violence, disease and discrimination, which is in the way of a child. They are involved in creating an enabling environment for the realization of their dreams.
Similarly, for gender equality and empowerment of women, works with the same organization in the policy for mutation of UN policies, global standards and standards. Another organization that works in the same area is the High Commissioner for UN Refugees (UNHCR). The Geneva Convention, 1951 is playing an important role in this regard, in order to protect refugees and coordinate international action to resolve refugee problems across the world. The role of UNHCR in Syria's civil war has been appreciated all over the world.
Other agencies working for humanitarian aid are the World Food Program (WFP). It works towards fighting hunger and malnutrition throughout the world, it provides assistance during civil war, natural disaster, war etc. The average WFP provides food aid to more than 8 million people each year. Humanitarian assistance by WFP in Somalia improved the situation in 2011. Due to famine and extreme poverty, about 40 lakh people have faced extreme food insecurity. Similarly, the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) works to ensure that every pregnancy is required, the birth of every child is safe and the capacity of every young person is fulfilled. It provides support for sexual and reproductive welfare, preventing child marriage, spreading HIV, female sexual intercourse etc.
United Nations and various mechanisms are also involved in conservation of the environment through its agencies. United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has set up environmental structures and agendas to promote the coherent implementation of environmental dimensions. Through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) etc., it promotes sustainable development. The result of the Paris talks in COP 21 is a case where the United Nations has intervened in establishing liability for environmental degradation.
United Nations has worked to maintain world peace, which is the United Nations Peace Keeping Force (UNPKF). Operation of peacekeeping is to maintain peace and security, to facilitate political process, to protect citizens, to assist in the disarmament and reunion, to support the rule of democratic governance and law and to support legitimate state officials. . It also helps in coordinating the fight against terrorism. The role of the UN in this regard is remarkable in the ongoing Syrian civil war to establish a ceasefire in Syria.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) works to combat drugs, crime and terrorism. Its aim is to provide global standards to combat the spread of drugs and to prevent crime related to drugs. Its effort is also to prevent HIV and AIDS, money laundering, organized crime, marine theft, etc. UNODC has launched a number of campaigns like World Dispensary Campaign, International Anti-Corruption Campaign, World AIDS Campaign to create awareness and prevent the use of drugs. .
The effectiveness of the United Nations and its bodies involved in different areas can be discussed in length. But the efforts made by the United Nations can never be reduced. The world has established its feet in the 21st century with heavy luggage of the past. The United Nations needs its presence in every quarter to make the future more favorable and peaceful. Under the auspices of United Nations, the world can move more permanently. Therefore, it is necessary for all stakeholders to break the trust in the United Nations. The United Nations is still not redundant and the near future unit will not be in debate and major issues are discussed in a democratically