Essay on SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) : Towards Great Cooperation
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Association for South Asian Regional Cooperation is a geo-political organization, which was established on December 8, 1985, at that time, on the orders of President General Ziaur Rahman of Bangladesh. It consists of eight member countries, such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Its headquarters is located in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Member countries are bound by the relationship of history and culture, interest in the problems of common people, and aspirations. The South Asian region is one of the most densely populated but hardly educated areas in the world. It is resourceful, but non-administration and spoiled areas. SAARC was established with the objective of promoting development through mutual cooperation and assistance.
According to the charter of SAARC, its purpose is to provide a forum for resolving and resolving mutual differences for the public welfare and mutual development of governments of South Asian countries. Its purpose is to promote socio-economic development by promoting mutual understanding, cooperation and good neighborly relations in developing countries of South Asia.
However, in the form of economic and regional trade, SAARC is unable to establish its identity. The reasons for the aforesaid fact can be attributed to many reasons. Member countries have demonstrated a lack of confidence in each other, which is one of the least integrated areas in the world. There is a mutual bilateral struggle in member countries which is a major obstacle to the development of SAARC. The struggle of age between India and Pakistan is known to the world. India and Bangladesh have been on dispute over the maritime border and South Talpretti. There is a problem of immigrants in Bhutan and Nepal, the cooperation initiated by the member country and any work of contact is seen by others through the lens of doubt.
The charter of SAARC is centered on multilateral issues, in which bilateral issues have been given a backseat. In this way, the platform has failed to resolve existing bilateral issues. Also, there are insufficient means of transport and communication in member countries, which regularly interact. Communication is important for solving bilateral issues and promoting integrity among nations.
It mentions the purpose of SAARC in promoting cultural, economic and social relations among charter members, but it has become difficult to execute them in the growth of the country's widespread trust deficit.
Most bodies working under the umbrella of SAARC are focusing on social sectors. The promotion of mutual cooperation and trust is carefully excluded. There is a wide gap between the concept of ideas and their successful implementation as well as the execution of countries. These countries are not ready to give information about their potential, which is one of the major obstacles in promoting regional trade within South Asia.
Apart from this, there are many other factors that are moving forward due to the failure of SAARC. Member countries are at different stages of development. At present, India can be considered as the most developed country in the South Asian region. It is not good with other member countries, which are susceptible to the growing dominance of India in this area. They feel that small countries are being sidelined in this process.
There is an inequality between natural resources in the form of land and water available in every country. The split of these limitations has increased in the struggle for the use of any particular resource in member countries. This was during the 18th SAARC Summit held on 26th and 27th of November 2014, in which Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi had commented that regional integration in South Asia would go forward through SAARC.
At this SAARC Summit, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan, the President of Afghanistan, Maldives and Sri Lanka had joined. The motto 'deep integration for peace and prosperity' was the foreign ministers of eight member countries signed an agreement on energy cooperation in the presence of their chief of state and government.
In addition to SAARC, a large number of sub-regional groups have been set up to increase cooperation with South Asian countries. The Bay of Bengal Bay (BIMSTEC) came into existence in 1997 as members of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand for multi-sector technical and economic cooperation. BIMSTEC is aiming for cooperation in business, transportation, investment, communication, tourism, energy and free trade agreements (FTAs).
South Asia Development Chougule consists of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, which is called BBIN. The transport ministers of BBI signed a landmark motor vehicle agreement (LMV) on June 15, 2015. This agreement paved the way for uninterrupted movement of goods and people of boundaries to promote regional integration and economic development. South Asia Sub-Regional Economic Corridor (SASEC) began in 2001 as its members with Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The purpose of the project is to promote regional prosperity and to focus on green energy corridor to build information highways.
Another step to promote connectivity in the South Asian region is Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar's BCM corridor. Prior to this, India's Northeast will be connected with Asia. Bangladesh has natural gas reserves in East Asia.
Sub-regional cooperation in South Asia will encourage India's international trade and strengthen South Asian position as a regional trade center. It will definitely be a win-win situation for India in terms of investment, trade, support, connectivity and connectivity. India, with the power to take adequate leverage to assure the success of these platforms, go one extra mile.
Regardless of its achievements, despite the failures of SAARC, it is a forum for leaders of different countries to start negotiations with each other. It is necessary for countries to understand and promote the importance of expanded cooperation at the regional or sub-regional level. is. Such initiatives will take a long way to create new opportunities and exploit unused people.
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