We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Endangered Wildlife in India in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Meaning of endangered species, Relation between the different species and the biodiversity of the world, Classification of the species according to the IUCN, List of the endangered species in India, The causes of extinction, Initiatives taken by the Government of India to protect endangered species, The different programmes taken by the UNESCO, Some important projects and laws launched by the Government of India to protect wildlife, Main causes regarding the threats to wildlife and Necessity of conservation.
Endangered species are the most dangerous species, which is the second most serious conservation status in the International Union (IUCN) Red Data Book to preserve the nature of wildlife. Any wildlife species has been classified as endangered if any of the following criteria has been met, then the population size is less than 250 mature members; Population reduction in the rate of 70% in the last 10 years; The probability of extinction in the wild is 20% over the next 20 years; The high risk of extinction in the wild is facing
Species are considered as building blocks of biodiversity, however, due to the unprecedented proportion of the threat due to urbanization, pollution and other autopropogenic interventions, biodiversity is shrinking.
Today, due to extinction of species, there is danger to the biodiversity of the world. There are 35 hotspots worldwide, 43% are locally as birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. There are three such centers of attraction in India- Eastern Himalayas, Indo-Burma and Western Ghats. These areas also support numerous wildlife populations. However, due to human encroachment, many of these wildlife are threatened.
IUNC has prepared a list called 'Red Data Book' 'Lal' is a symbol of danger that these species currently experience. IUCN has defined different categories or levels in which different species have been placed in the list. Classification is a thing of extinction, extinct in the wild, severely endangered, endangered, weak, in danger and at least a matter of concern.
IINC classifies the species under different categories under the following categories:
- Extinct species are species which their last member has died, thus leaving no living person to reproduce.
- The highest risk category specified for severely endangered wild species. This means that the number of species has decreased or there will be a reduction of 80% within three generations.
- Endangered species are populations of organisms that are at risk of extinction because they are either very few in number or threatened by changing environmental or rehearsal parameters.
- There are weak species species which are likely to be in danger, as long as there is no possibility of improving its existence and reproduction in the circumstances.
- Extinct species species are kept in captivity by the living members or are known largely as a natural population outside its historic boundary due to habitat loss in the wild.
- The threatened species have species that can be threatened with extinction in the near future.
- The least concern species do not qualify for any other category to pay attention to them.
- Lack of data species are species which show that there is insufficient information to directly or indirectly evaluate the risk of extinction tax on the basis of its distribution and / or population status.
According to the IUCN Red Data List, there are 76 extinct species, 2 extinct in the wild, 188 serious endangered, 448 endangered, 505 weak, 323 threatened, 3109 less worries and 836 lack of data. Figures of some important species in India are Royal Bengal Tiger (Project Tiger): Population 2226; Ganges River Dolphin: Population 1200-1800 Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary Asiatic Elephant: Population 40000-50000 Project Elephants; Snow Leopard: Population 4080-6590 Project Snow Leopard
In India, some endangered endangered species are Sumatran Rhino, Kashmir Stag, Pigmi Hog, etc. Under the endangered category, Sher Makkak, Nilgiri Tahr, great Indian one horn rhinoceros etc. Some weaker animals are Black Buck, Gaur, Lal Panda etc.
Due to the extinction of species, it can be analyzed in two ways. First, the reasons and the effect, where external causes are due to example, ice age, human-artificial causes, forest fires etc. Secondly, the cause of extinction can be due to some random occurrences, such as lack of food, increase in number of predators, weather events etc.
In order to protect wildlife and protect endangered species, India adopted the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. This act basically prohibits trade in rare minerals and endangered species. At a central level, the government assisted the state government in controlling its managerial and protected infrastructure, protection of wildlife, control of prey and illegal trade, inmates. 41006 • Reproductive programs, wildlife education and interpretation, development of zoo, conservation and protection of Rhino in Assam for tigers, elephants etc. This Act was amended in 2002 to make even more effective provisions for endangered plants and animals. The Indian Wildlife Council was also reconstituted for the monitoring and guidance of implementation of various schemes.
The Government of India undertakes the project Tiger, Project Elephant, Project Hangul, Indian Crocodile Protection Project, Protected Area Network, Work Plan for Vigilance Protection in India and many more projects.
In India, under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, significant changes have been made to save wildlife through the network of protected areas. Both the State Government and the Central Government have the right to declare wildlife sanctuaries in India.
Wildlife sanctification is done to ensure the safety of areas of ecological importance. Under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, national parks can be declared as well as sanctuaries. National parks have maximum security as some activities are controlled in these areas.
At the global level the conservation effort was started in 1970 and under the Man and Biosphere Program (MAB). MAB employs natural science, social science, technical interventions, awareness programs to improve the livelihood of human and to protect the ecosystem.
Thus, to promote system sustainability. In 1976 UNESCO's MAab program was started under the auspices of Biosphere Reserve Network Program. In the Biosphere Reserve, defined by UNESCO, there are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems that provide solutions for solutions to conserve their sustainable use of biodiversity. Biosphere stores work as 'living laboratories' in some ways, which test the integrated management of land, water and biodiversity.
The biosphere reserve has core zones, buffer zones and transit zones. The core area is not completely uninterrupted. Some Biosphere reserves of India, the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (the first in India), is the Greatest Ran (largest) of Kutch. Of the eighteen biosphere reserves in India, 10 are under the World Bank of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO under the program MAAB.
In India, for animal specific conservation efforts: Tiger, elephant, vulture, a horn rhino, snow leopard, sea turtle, crocodile, dolphin (river) etc. Project Tiger is one of the most discussed and most valuable in India, as 'Tiger' is our national animal, therefore in 1973 Project Tiger was started to save the tiger population. Currently there are 48 tigers in the country.
In its latest census in 2015, the tiger population increased to 2226 in 1706 in 2011. The population of tigers in India is determined by the use of pagmark technology, camera decoration and DNA fingerprinting. Dolphins are also important because they have been declared a national aquatic animal. Most dolphins are found in this region in Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna, they are threatened due to fishing and recreational tourism
Various laws like Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, Coastal Regulation Zone, Wetland Conservation and Management Rule 2010 were introduced to save wildlife in India. Organizations involved in this area are the Indian Animal Welfare Board, Central Zoo Authority, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau, National Ganga River Basin Authority.
Due to human beings, threats to wildlife have occurred due to hunting, hunting, mass-animal conflict, population growth, deforestation, land use change, tourism, forest fire, illegal trade of teeth, hide, horn etc. Are active in various international conferences conservation efforts.
Ramsar Conference on lakes adopted in 1975 is critically responsible for the protection of migratory birds. In 1975, the CITEE Conference on International Trade in the Endangered Species of Wild Animals and Plants came into force. Conference on conservation of migratory species (CMS) is also called Bon Convention. The International Union for Protection of Organisms, Nature and Natural Resources Against Wildlife Trafficking (CWT), the Global Tiger Forum also contributes to the protection of wildlife.
Evaluation and preservation of nature enhances the relationship between humans and nature. Wildlife plays an important role in the ecology and food chain. Due to their number or extinction in extreme conditions, there can be a widespread impact on ecology and human beings. Therefore, time is required to co-ordinate with international organizations for their protection.