We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Mahatma Gandhi - Peace sender in English language for students in 1300 words. In this article cover Topic : Early childhood and family background of Gandhiji, Educational background of Gandhiji, His fight for the civil rights of Indian in South Africa, Emerging as the President of Indian National Congress and started several movements viz., His principles of non-violence, truth and peace, A great leader and social reformer and His ideals inspired many leaders and movements.
The development of modern nationalism in India is associated with the co-colonial movement. Each class and group felt the effect of British colonialism differently. To unite all the groups, a new leader appeared with his great view of satyagraha in Indian politics, which was not known to anyone other than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was known as '13 Apu'. His emergence as an undisputed leader of the Indian independence movement itself is an interesting story.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in a Hindu bani family in Porbandar, Gujarat on the west coast of India. His father, Karamchand Achchand Gandhi, worked as Porbandar Diwan (Chief Minister) of the state. His mother, Puttibai's religious and religious practices left a deep impression on him. Gandhiji received elementary education and training from his parents. He was deeply religious, honest and truthful. He always used to remove himself from any kind of defects. Gandhiji married Kasturba Gandhi in 1883.
He passed his matriculation examination from Ahmedabad in November 1887. After that, he joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State but at the end of first tenure immediately withdrew and returned to Porbandar. For his higher studies, he enrolled in the inner temple in London to study law and jurisprudence with the intention of becoming a barrister.
During his stay in London, he tried to adopt English custom after returning to India, Gandhi tried to establish his career in Mumbai, but did not succeed.
At the age of twenty four, Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa in connection with a lawsuit. He spent a year in South Africa, found that Indians and other dark-skinned people had to face discrimination and were the oppressed classes of society.
In response to the abuse done against Indians and others, they formed the Indian National Congress to fight for the civil rights of the Indian community in South Africa. While fighting for the rights and personalization of Indians, they taught people to fight through non-violence and emerged as a great political leader.
After long stay in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in the year 1915. He became the President of the Indian National Congress. They opposed the British rule. He initiated several movements for the independence of India, such as the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Quit India Movement in the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930), Satyagraha Movement (1919), 1942 etc.
After coming to India, Gandhiji successfully organized Satyagraha movement in different places at Champaran (1916), Kheda (1971) and Ahmedabad (1918). These experiments of Satyagraha movements brought Gandhiji closer to the public, in the rural areas, the workers in both the farmers and the urban areas got the help.
The British passed the Rowlatt Act in 1919 to deal with the revolutionaries. This act gave unlimited powers to the government to arrest and seize suspects without maximum trial of two years.
Gandhi made the Rollate Act an issue and on April 6, 1919 appealed to the people to follow the peaceful demonstration against this act. Gandhiji's phone received a lot of response for peaceful performance. This has been a massive demonstration in Punjab and Delhi.
The Jallianwale massacre (1919) was the sequel to this movement. The manner in which Indians organized the brutal massacre of the Indians was astonished. Gandhiji then started a non-cooperation Khilaft movement against British rule in 1921.
The Muslims of India decided to force Britain to change its Turkish policy, because after the First World War, a rigorous treaty was imposed on the Ottoman Empire, which was the Khalifa or spiritual head of the Islamic world. Young Muslim leaders discussed Gandhiji with the possibility of a joint action, and Mahatma called it 'an opportunity to unite Hindus and Muslims' because he is not born in a hundred years.
Thus, the non-cooperative Khilafat movement started from January 1921. 4.) Various social groups participated in this movement, and the impact of this movement on the economic front was tremendous. On March 12, 1930, Gandhi started his civil disobedience movement to break salt laws with his famous Dandi March.
Gandhiji got a powerful symbol in salt which could unite the nation. Gandhiji reached Dandi on April 6 and formally violated the salt law during the production of boiling salt water. Several leaders and nearly 1 lakh people were arrested. Then in 1931, in the second Round Table Conference, the Gandhi-Irwin Treaty was followed for Congress participation.
In 1939, with the outbreak of World War II, India was involved with the war to become a constituent constituent of the British Empire; In 1942 the British government sent a delegation to India under the Stafford Cripps. The objective of the mission was to interact with the Indian National Congress, an elected Indian legislator had a deal to get total cooperation during the war in exchange for power.
Negotiations failed because the proposal of limited "dominance" was completely unacceptable to Indian leaders. There was unprecedented disappointment in the failure of the Cripps mission.
The Congress Working Committee met in Wardha, Maharashtra and passed a resolution demanding full independence from the British government. The British were asked to leave India immediately.
The moving soul behind the resolution was Gandhiji. Quit India Movement was the biggest challenge for the British Empire. The only purpose behind the launch of many movements such as Non-cooperation Movement, Satyagraha Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement, was to mess up the British with the President of India, Gandhiji hated violence.
He followed the principles of non-violence, truth and peace throughout life. He proved that non-violence (non-violence) is stronger and more powerful than sword. Gandhiji's guidance and influence also empowered and encouraged women to become part of the journey of independence.
India's freedom movement is also called Gandhian period Mahatma Gandhi is a famous personality throughout the world, he was determined to end British imperialism and gain freedom for India.
Gandhiji was a great leader, a saint and a great social reformer. He was religious, truthful and religious. He believed in simple life and high thinking. He was a champion of democracy and he was fatal against dictatorship. Gandhi showed the path of truth and non-violence to India and the world.
He believed that this is the truth that prevails in the end. According to him, the real liberation of India was dependent on indigenous, boycott of foreign goods, use of khadi, encouragement to the village and cottage industries.
After all, his great efforts resulted in India's independence and independence on August 15, 1947. Gandhi did not beat the powerful British Empire by a towel or a gun, but through the strange and completely new weapons of truth) and non-violence (non-violence).
Gandhiji was assassinated in Birla House (New Gandhi Smriti) in January 1948 in New Delhi. Gandhiji was out on those steps where prayer meeting was held.
At the same time, Nathuram Godse emerged from praise, bowed and stabbed him three times in the stomach and chest. Gandhiji was taken back inside Birla House, where he died. He worked for the Hindu-Muslim unity through his life and the abolition of untouchability.
Gandhi worked hard for the upliftment of the Harijans, the names given to them by the untouchables. Gandhi declared untouchability as a sin against God and man, Gandhi wrote his famous autobiography under the title 'Truth with my experiments'.
His philosophy influenced important leaders and political movements around the world. Leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela, Aung San Su Open, were very impressed by his views. Indians are widely called them 'Father of the Nation'. Although his village-centric economy was not accepted by modern India, his ideas of truth and non-violence made India's political identity as a tolerant and secular democracy.