We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : What is UHC ?, India is committed to provide UHC to all under the 12th Five Year Plan period (2012-17), The Government of India launched different programmes, like 'National Rural Health Mission', 'National Urban Health Mission', A draft of National Health Policy was introduced in 2015, UHC can help to do away the health inequalities, The Central Government should monitor the implementation and execution of the funds for healthcare and Some recommendations to accelerate progress of UHC.
Universal Health Coverage 'is a scenario in which all citizens, regardless of their caste, creed, social and economic status, access to quality and affordable health care. UHC takes more importance in the context of United Nations 2030 agenda for joint development goals, which is focused on health for all. Every year on December 12, UHC Day is celebrated.
India is committed to providing universal health coverage to all its citizens during the 12th Five Year Plan period (2012-2017). Its UHC program focuses on principles of universality, equity, non-exclusion and discrimination, rational and good quality, financial protection, protection of parental rights, consolidated and strong public health, accountability and transparency, community involvement and ten is based. The government will recruit a large number of community health workers and will train nurses, rural health care practitioners, allopathic doctors, affiliated health care professionals, to put health in people's hands.
This trained and equipped work force will be available to provide services in public and private facilities. To avail the services, it is necessary to register with UHC and to ensure cashless services, each registered person will be issued an IT enabled National Health Entitlement Card (NHEC). Citizens are free to choose between public sector facilities and contracted private providers. They have access to the national health package, which is free from all primary, secondary and some tertiary services. National Health Regulatory and Development Authority (NHRDA) regulates and monitors the public and private sector players working under the UAC. With the help of money generated from taxes, the Government of India will pay for all the services provided under UHC.
There was a time when medical expenses were growing, digging deep holes in pockets, and basic health care was inaccessible to the people of our country.
Increasing dissatisfaction with the quality of health, utility, strength and quality gave birth to a change in our country's health care sector. While the citizens were struggling with mounting medical expenditure, the government decided to intervene with several reforms. The government has realized the importance of health, as well as healthy people in economic development and, therefore, was eager to provide quality health care to their people.
The first step in this direction came in 2005 with the launch of India's flagship 'National Rural Health Mission'. This program focuses on maternal and child health care and its aim is to reduce mortality in women and their newborns. There was a large number of rural health care workers involved in this program. The government was successful in generating awareness among the public about the delivery on appropriate health care centers and the importance of immunization for the youth.
After this, programs like 'National Health Insurance Policy' and 'National Urban Health Mission' were followed to name a few. The objective of the National Health Insurance Scheme is to provide financial security to the people living below the poverty line (BPL). This plan also includes the cost of secondary treatment. Apart from this, States have also created specific plans to target health facilities so that the financial burden on patients can be reduced and the use of public health facilities can be encouraged. The Community Health Insurance Scheme launched by the Karuna Trust in Karnataka is such an initiative. Presently, 'National Rural Health Mission' and 'National Urban Health Mission' are included under 'National Health Mission'.
A high level expert group on universal health coverage recommends an increase in public financing by up to 2.5% of gross domestic product, with some major improvements in the health care sector. Due to the recession in economic development of the country, the group's recommendations were not kept in mind. However, the draft National Health Policy was introduced in 2015, where the need for improvement in health sector performance was addressed. Draft provides two types of relationship between health and economic development of the country. Emphasizing the importance and role of public-private partnership in providing a comprehensive and affordable health facility for the people. Policy is not implemented yet.
Although such initiatives provide financial coverage to a degree, a large number of people are victims of poverty after the disease. Even in the current circumstances, pocket expenses are very high in relation to the health care sector, which create health inequalities. Non-communal diseases (NCD) or lifestyle diseases are the latest pair of health care challenges, which India has to deal with. Cancer, cardiovascular problems and chronic respiratory diseases are some common NCDs, to maintain the economic development of our country, health is one of the most important factors. This is where UHC will play an important role to play.
India must explicitly define its goals and mission to achieve UHC target by 2030. There is a need to implement this mission in a phased manner. Different states of the country require a different degree of meditation and action. Each state can be given a specific goal to achieve in a specific time period. The Central Government should restrict its work in the overall monitoring of the fund's provisions and implementation and execution. A substantial percentage of the funds allocated for the development of health care sector is not used properly. The government has to plug in the shortcomings and ensure proper utilization of these funds.
Factors such as the working conditions of government employees, the training of workers in rural areas, construction of a functional referral system should be kept in mind. The government needs to reduce some important performance indicators which can be used regularly to monitor and evaluate the progress of the UHC program. For successful implementation of the UAC, there is a high level of need for both political and national level commitment at the Center and at the state level. In addition, in the successful implementation of the project, tanks of NGOs, private sector players and government views have an important role. UHC There is a need to create awareness and awareness about.
Some recommendations to accelerate progress towards UHC
- India must agree to define the vision in it, consisting of a consensus on a process for developing such a vision and goals for 2030.
- Opportunities to accelerate UHC in states. States can choose a model that they can follow their 5-10 years to develop their own path and determine their speed.
- Higher level political commitment beyond the health ministry is necessary.
- In addition to the political commitment, community participation is equally important for visiting the UHC.
- It is important to strengthen the government health facilities and improve the functioning of government health workers, especially in rural areas
India can claim remarkable achievements in the health care sector like eradication of polio, maternal and neonatal tetanus etc. India's accomplishments in the past certainly prove their capabilities and assure that it will be successful in the execution and implementation of the UHC program.