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Essay on Medical Tourism - A New Trend in Tourism

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We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find Essay on Metro Rail - Mass Rapid Transport in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Countries famous for medical tourism, The most popular treatments sought in India, Privat players in the field of medical tourism, Patients come to India particularly for some specific purposes, Commercial surrogacy, organ-cell-tissue plantations are thriving medical practice in India, Important steps taken by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to promote India.

Tourism combined with visit for medical treatment is called as Medical Tourism. It is often used synonymously with health tourism, but these two are different. Health tourism indicates travel for taking rejuvenation and alternative therapies and spas. But in medical tourism, people live in one country travels to another country to receive medical, surgical or transplant care. Medical tourism is a new form of tourism becoming popular in the current world. Today healthcare and tourism industries are among the largest industries in the world.

The countries famous for medical tourism include Greece, South Africa, Jordan, India, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore. India is later entrant into the medical tourism but there is a significant growth in medical tourism. The growth rate is 30 per cent in 2015. The earlier trend of people travelling from third world countries to major developed countries in the West has now changed. The standard of medical treatment and hospital facilities provided to patients have significantly improved in India. In most of the developed countries, patients have

to wait for a long time to get treatment and this medical treatment is very costly. Thus, countries like India has become preferred destination for medical tourism.

As medical visa is difficult to procure and the procedure is a long drawn one, the patient usually travels on a tourist visa and receives medical aid. The most popular treatments sought in India by medical tourists are alternative treatments like, ayurveda, yoga, naturopathy etc bone-marrow transplant, cardiac by-pass surgery, eye surgery, orthopaedic surgery; fertility treatment and commercial surrogacy.

In India, the boost to the health care service was given when AYUSH wa institutionalised in our country into a ministry. AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) is traditional Indian medicine practiced far and wide in India The practice of Yoga has earned fame worldwide. In order to learn Yoga and take its benefit people travel from all over the world.

India remains the best destination for alternative medicine practitioners from all over the world.

In India medical tourism is growing rapidly. After Singapore and Thailand, India may be the next multimillion dollar Asian medical industry. Apollo hospitals group, Wockhardt, Escorts, Fortis, Hinduja and Beach Candy are some of the names in healthcare that have come forward to tie up with rourism industry players like Hyatt, Kuoni, Indian Airlines etc. Thus, a substantial number of foreigners are coming to India to avail themselves quality medical treatment at a cost much lower than other countries in the world.

The patients come to India particularly for cardiac surgery, joint replacement, ophthalmology, pathology and Indian systems of medicine etc. India is known in particular for heart surgery, hip resurfacing etc. All medical examination and treatment are conducted using the latest technology . Already 21 Indian hospitals have been accredited by the Joint Commission International QCI) which is the world central body for accreditation for hospitals, headquartered in the USA. Irs accreditation is considered a gold standard for healthcare.

Now-a-days one of the most thri ving medical practice in India is commercial surrogacy. The foremost reason for this i- lack of legislation in this field. The Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill, 2013 has been pending for quite a while and it has not been presented in the Indian Parliament. Other factors which makes India a hocspot is because of availability of medical infrastructure, potential surrogates and international demand for the same.

Another area of medical tourism is related to fertility or reproductive system. Some favourite destinations for couples seeking fertility treatments are Israel, USA and India. India has some of the most relaxtd regulations on fertility treatment (allowing treatments for women up to 55 years) and has been attracting tourists for many years specialised clinics throughout India are well established and have high standard to treat the childless couples. Different types of treatment to cure fertility problems also involves some socio-ethical dilemmas.

Organ, cell and tissue plantation is another area of medical tourism in Asian countries. The obvious reasons are poverty, very high population, potential donor. The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ (THO) Act was passed in India in 1944 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. The act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishabll" offence. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kid1 ey sondals are regularly reported in the Indian media. Organ donation and transplantation also involve legal and ethical issues.               

In case of medical tourism, internet has made available all relevant information related to hospitals and the treatments offered by them. People can easily select their destination based on the information and facilities offered. Chennai has been called India's health capital because of its best quality hospitals and doctors. Chennai gets about 45% of the total foreign medical tourists coming to India for treatment. Many hospitals have tied up with hotels and resorts in Mahaballipuram for post treatment stay and follow-up consultation. In Maharashtra, the FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) and the Medical Tourism Council of Maharashtra has taken a joint initiative to promote medical tourism.

Government of India, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Tourism have jointly formed a task force to promote India as a health destination for persons across the world to enjoy India's health care expertise. For this, streamlining of immigration process for medical visitors is very necessary. In this connection the Government of India has introduced a new category of Medical Visa (M-Visa) which can be given for specific period to foreign tourists coming to India for medical treatment.

The flow of medical tourists to India has benefitted the hotel industry very much. Star hotels have reported increased room bookings from medical tourists especially in New Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai cities. Needless to say that the growth of medical tourism in India has created many job opportunitie in the hospital, hotel and travel sectors in order to provide professional service for the foreign tourists who are in need of specialised service.

Globalisation has boosted the flow of many foreign tourists from other countries due to the excellent standards of hospitals and availability of best specialist doctors and good English speaking nurses, hospitals staff and guides in our country. The hotel and tour packages offered by the hospitals are an added advantage. There are some challenges faced by Indian medical industry, viz, no post treatment care possible when required, inequalities in government and private hospitals, poor power supply even to hospitals, no industry standards followed in hospitals, brain drain from government sector to private sector etc.

Despite all these problems, Indian medical tourism can reach the number one position by numbers of foreign medical tourists arrival and foreign exchange earnings by near future if the good standards of service are maintained It has a great contribution to the country's economical growth as well.

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