We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Ragging: Menace in Society in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Meaning of ragging, Some common forms of ragging, Reasons of ragging, Recent scena o in India, Governments initiatives, Anti-ragging movement and Role of Central Government, State government and the educational institutions to stop It.
Behind the facade of 'welcoming' new -tudents to college, ragging, in actually is a notorious practice wherein the senior students get an excuse
to harass their junior counterparts. Apart from sustaining grievous physical injuries, those unfortunate students who succumb to ragging either develop a fear psychosis haunts them throughout their lives or worse quit their college education even before it begins. Ragging is any disorderly conduct whether spoken or written or by an act which causes annoyance, hardship or psychological harm to a student. It would not be an exaggeration to say that, today, ragging has taken the shape of a serious human rights violation with e\ren the most respected and dciplined educational institutes falling prey to it.
The Supreme Court of India defined ragging as, "Any disorderly conduct whether bywords spoken or written or by an act which has the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness any student, indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities. It causes annoyance, hardship or psychological harm or to raise fear or apprehension thereof in a fresher or a junior student.
Ragging today has assumed tartarous, vulgar and inhuman forms that defy all norms of decency and morality. Some of the most common forms of ragging in Colleges are:
- (i) Dress code ragging
- (iii) Sexual abuse
- (v) Hostel ragging
- (ii) Verbal torture
- (iv) Playing the fooll
- (vi) Drug abuse etc.
Reasons of Ragging
Ragging is not merely a sociolegal problem. It has certain psychological basis. There are many reasons that initiate ragging. Some of these are:
- (i) Ragging can be a means of retaliation A senior who has some previous history of ragging may like to get back by venting his frustrations on the freshers.
- (ii) Ragging gives a sense of authority By having the freshers always at his command, a senior student nurtures a sense of authority which boosts his morale and puts him on a high.
- (iii) Satisfaction of sadistic pleasures A ragger sees ragging as a good opportunity to satiate his sadistic pleasures all at the cost of a poor fresher.
- (iv) Peer pressure It is also a reality that not all seniors who commit ragging enjoy doing it at their own will. Seeing most of their batchmates indulging in ragging, they join it also. Some even have a misconception that ragging makes them 'influential crowd' in the institution.
Recent Data and Governments Initiation to Curb it
According to recent data, 15 students have committed suicide between 2014-15. The states with high number of ragging cases between June 2009 and September 2014 include Odisha (266), Madhya Pradesh (263), Maharashtra (150), Tamil Nadu (143), Rajasthan (142), Bihar (132) and Delhi has reported 57 cases.
In 1997, the state of Tamil Nadu first passed laws related to ragging. Subsequently, a major boost to anti-ragging efforts was given by a landmark judgement of the Supreme Court of India in May 2001, in response to a PIL filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) appointed a seven member panel headed by Dr RK Raghavan (ex-CBI Director) as per the orders of Supreme Court. This committee submitted its reports in 2007.
Some key recommendations by the committee were
- Central regulatory bodies to take ragging situation as an important factor in accreditation of educational institution.
- Set-up anti-ragging cells at central, state and college level.
- NCERT, SCERT school books to include chapter on ragging.
- Colleges to organise interactive sessions between juniors and senior in the presence of college staff, etc.
In 2009, in the wake of the death of a 19 year old, first year MBBS student, Aman Kachroo, University Grants Commission (UGC) passed UGC Regulation on Curbing the Menace of Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions, 2009. It recommended some punishments like fine upto 25000, cancellation of admission, withholding of scholarship of the accused, debarring them from appearing for examinations, suspension from hostel and rustication from the institute for a period of one to four semester. even the institutions where ragging is prevalent could be punished by withdrawing of affiliation, debarring from awarding any degree or withholding grants etc. The Supreme Curt Wanted that, "the punishment should be exemplary and justifiably harsh to stop the recurrence of ugly incidents." It deterred many but did not stop ragging altogether.
With the situation of ragging worsening yearly, there is emerging a spontaneous anti-ragging movement in India. Several voluntary organisations have emerged, who conduct drives for public awareness and arrange for support to victims. Online groups like Coalition to Uproot Ragging from India (CURE), Stopragging, No Ragging Foundation became the major anti-ragging groups on the Internet. Among them, No Ragging Foundation has transformed into a complete NGO and got registered as Society Against Voilence in Education (SAVE) which is India's first anti-ragging Non-Profit Organisation (NGO).
Therefore, it is not wrong to say that most institutions took some strong steps to tackle the problem. Prevention of ragging can be most effective if anti-ragging is backed by collective effort. By collective effort we mean inclusion of a large section of society and especially the academic community. Thus, it should involve administrators, employees of the institutions, legal experts, media persons, parents, psychologists and local authorities of the state governments, sociologists and victims of ragging. With ragging becoming rampant in colleges, it is about time that everyone awakens its conscience to this inhuman practice before more and more innocent students become victims of it and before more and more educational institutes are degraded by it. No efforts whether it is with or without law can be successful unless we are giving adequate importance to value factors. In the absence of a bold machinery to execute the law, a self enlightenment both from institutions and from students can travel a long way in eradicating this nasty practice.
Moreover a meaningful advertisement campaign should be organized through various news channels/media to sensitise society at large towards the problem of ragging. The role of Central and State Government as well as Universities in publicizing the ills of ragging and sensitising people is very crucial in eradicating this problem of ragging.