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Telecommunication revolution is actually shedding the country and it looks even more probable in the future. Assembled, the international research group, some years ago, estimated that in 2006 there will be 1.28 billion telephony. It needs to be noted that the estimated scenario of gathering the dominance of fixed line around 7515 in 2006 has changed, cellular lines are certainly more in the present
During the second half of the 20th century, especially technological innovations have progressed so fast that they have reached almost all aspects of our lives. The word Tele-Greek means the distance and communication originated from the Latin word commune, which means that is common According to Roger and Showmaker (1971) communication, this is the process through which the message is transferred from the source to the receiver. Telecommunication is defined as the sharing of people who are near us or away.
The transmission of telecommunications messages for the purpose of communication is at a significant distance. The first time, visual signals in telecommunications such as smoke, semaphore telegraph, signal flag, and sent to the optical Heliyograf, or coded drum beats up, the audio message through the lung-blown horns, or loud whistle, for example Is used for.
The telecommunications expansion strategy adopted in urban areas can not be repeated for rural areas. Rural specific strategy for its main economic activity should be exchanged so that population geography from the nearest urban city / with the city's economic ties with rural areas and towns and cities, health, education and education facilities and technical .
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International Telecommunication Union is the estimated telecom results with a percentage of the investment growth of 3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), which confirms the relationship between teledensity and GDP.
Tele-density - the number of telephone lines for every 100 people is extremely low amounts of oil in rural India is only 0.5 and a third of the 600,000 villages of India in India is still without PTS village (VPT) Which can save transport costs, fuel and time.
VPT has many benefits, such as reducing migration from rural to urban areas and providing communication support in disaster relief and rescue work. The total telephone density stands at 3.8, whereas in China there is a story density of 9 and available on the demand of World Telephone 2001, but the wait list 3.2 lakh in November 2001.
More attention has been given to the telecommunication industry's irregularity and the proposals of rural and domestic telephone for action on Internet telephony.
The development of mobile technology
Mobile technology refers to portable technology in this sense of the term mobile technology, including: mobile phones and smart phones, laptop with more advanced capabilities, laptop computers and global positioning system devices and so on.
This mobile device provides potential networking for the home office of the Internet while running. This technique helps in connecting with others in the home, office and building a common atmosphere. Mobile Communications is an auxiliary transmission of signals at a distance to the mobile device or the purpose of communication with or from the user. This allows the user to be connected during the move.
In the beginning of the decade of 1970s and from the early days of the 1980s, mobile communication technology has to undergo many revolutions which, according to utility, cost, quantity and quantity, to cope with these services, these The face of services changes. In the 1980's, an analogue was offered to support base voice services to users like Mobile Phone System Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS), Nordic Mobile Communication. Second generation (2G) mobile network based on GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication).
Mobile telecommunication is an auxiliary transmission of signal to a mobile device or user to reach or away from the distance, allowing the user to connect during the move.
In the beginning of the decade of 1970s and in the beginning of the decade of 1980, mobile communication technology is going through many revolutions, which use this service in the context of usable cost, quality and amount of service that it provides. .
In this process of development, it has come through specific specific steps, which are known as generations of mobile telecommunications technology defined in terms of the technical features and standards of distributed services to the consumer.
In the 1980s, mobile systems were offered to provide basic voice services to users like Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS), Nordic Mobile Phone Telephone (NMT) etc., based on GSM, the second generation (2G) mobile network (mobile Global System) network technology had the capability of having high quality voice calls, basic short messaging (SMS) and very low speed data connectivity.
With the introduction of technologies such as GSM Development (EDGE), code division multiple access (CDMA) and increased data rate for digital advanced mobile phone services (DAMPS) in the 1990s, mobile data transfer to 384 KB of mobile system Developed to accommodate high speed. / Sec
The system of digitally encrypted phone conversations has made the 2G mobile system much more efficient on the spectrum, which allows entry level of mobile phones and introduces data services for mobile starting with SMS text messaging.
Mobile phone initiatives
In Pondicherry, M.S. The information village project Swaminathan Research Foundation has connected a hybrid wired and wireless network - PCS telephones, VHF duplex radio equipment and email connectivity, which facilitates both voice and data transfer through dial-up telephone lines and villagers need them Has been able to get information about. And can use
In West Bengal, in some far-flung villages, entrepreneurs are already running mobile PCO, going to a particular village on a certain day. In AP, a unique rural phone project was successfully executed using an ultra low cost solution in Kalda, remote village of Warangal district, by a non-profit NGO, Hyderabad based Rural Telecommunications Foundation (RTF) last year and it was successfully executed 70 grams of phones were called to the houses within a short period of two months, in which a very low price, modulator, to share a single wire line. A is easily modified as a party theme based on expandable configuration exchange Seedioti existing 25,000 rural. Under the Bharat Nirman Program, telecommunications relation will be ensured that 66,822 revenue villages in the country will be covered, which have not yet been provided by a rural public telecommunications (VPT).
Out of the above villages, 14,183 remote and remote villages will be made available through public connectivity digital satellite phone terminals. The study of National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) shows that 71 percent of farmers do not even know about the Minimum Support Price (MSP) scheme of the government. Due to the low level of literacy and the intrinsic contact needs of rural skilled medicine and e-education etc., the need for multimedia content and communication in rural context is more important.
The government's emphasis on the telecom sector is quite clear with the use of the cover data for the latest data in Coveritau, published in The World in 2009: The facts and figures of ICT: Many IIT's development in all things from mobile cellular subscription to fixed and mobile broadband Come fast in, and access to TV from the computer - with mobile technology acting as a major driver. Mobile is on the rise, global mobile subscription is expected to reach 4.6 billion by the end of the year, and the mobile broadband subscription is expected to reach 600 million in 2009.
China crossed the 60 million mark by the middle of 2008, from a humble beginnings in the mid-1990s, the world's largest mobile phone market was developed in the mobile sector, in fact in recent years. The speed has increased, with the help of high consumer versions, the prices of lower tarts and falling handsets, the home of the global operators working with local companies, India has approximately 350 million in the beginning of 2008 There was no mobile customer (including GSM and CDMA).
ITU said, "Market liberalization has played an important role in the spread of mobile telephony by running competition and bringing down prices." Mobile operators in India are attracting new customers with call rates, which are as low as US $ 0. 01 by giving one minute and cheap handset. Offering some of the lowest rates in the world, the world using the average consumer in every 500 minutes of the month was also the most used in the market.
Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
As of April 2009, there were 430 million telephone connections with mobile segments in the country, which was 93 percent. Although 70 percent of all connections are present in the urban area, 77 percent have vision. This plan is now going to increase rural telecom to 40 percent in the next five years and ensure that every Panchayat is connected to broadband network in the next 3 years.
Kisan Call Center Services:
In case of mobile phone based services, central and state government and private players are exploiting this widely available medium. One example of this is that recently the KCC services started by the Directorate Extension, the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, which provide expert advice on agricultural issues / questions. In the private sector, a good example is the joint venture between Bharti-IFFCCO, under which cheap mobile handsets costing less than Rs 2,000 are bundled with mobile prices such as free daily voice messages, marketing techniques for their product marketing season Forecasting Daily Farming and Fertilizer Availability
Rural broadband kiosks
Various studies have shown that both mobile and broadband content has shown a healthy demand for villagers from agriculture, marketing, tele-education and e-health services. The desire to learn English and other subjects through mobile / internet applications is especially strong and there is a significant revenue potential in rural India.
By adopting a franchisee model in partnership with business content aggregators for Broadband Kisko subsidized under the BSNL Wireline broadband scheme, under its agreement, by accepting relevant content in the required languages, to make meaningful USOFs for meaningful USOFs. Was encouraged for. USOF, BSNL has been created to provide 28,000 rural broadband kiosks for basic browsing and access to various types of commercial value, in which services, including entertainment, information, tele-education and telemedicine, have been added.
Telecommunications in health
Telemedicine is a new approach in healthcare. Telemedicine is still in its infancy in India, but is rapidly undergoing development. Telemedicine is coming as an alternative to providing health care. This is the most effective way to provide special care in rural areas, where people do not have access to financial instruments or medical services.
Therefore, in India, telemedicine will help people in remote geographic areas to attract the attention of a medical specialist in real time. Tele-medicine is not a panacea for all the challenges faced by rural patients and community health providers, but it can bring hope and better health care to millions of people across the country, to ensure that the heart of a deserted village Pulsation can be heard clearly. Busy city
In the changing media scenario, telecommunication systems are supported by large amounts of computerized systems and wireless mobile telephony. Long-distance data transmission in the telephone makes the basis of communication, mobile telephones and the Internet. Practice of telecommunication based work related to home; Europe is common and developing western countries is particularly growing in IT sector in India.
There are broadly people involved in telecommunications who run a business from home, those people who are employed by a firm who allow them to do some or all work at home and those who can not complete their work during the weekend . Many multinational companies and software and telephony corporations encourage telecommunications among their highly skilled technical staff.
Telecommunication is useful for both rural and urban areas as well. Provides telecommunication awareness, information and education in rural areas. Rural development is possible only if updated information is given to rural women
In countries like India, this change is very much for the geographical reach and adaptability of mobile phones in comparison to other information and communication technologies and services.
There are 563.73 million mobile phone subscribers and more than one million are added every month High penetration shows that mobile phones are widely used and have significant social and economic impacts.
But to make it better for a technology to develop and develop its users in a better way, it will have to be made and embedded in its own life, rather than just adopting it, users have the ability to respond to their needs. Talking again, the mobile phone penetration in India is basically because it is used to open new social economic opportunities. Is. Through the experiment, users discover new ways to adopt mobile phones.