We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Indo-Paciflc Zone: An Emerging Power Zone in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Introduction of lndo-Pacific Zone. Trans-Pacific Partnership as the economic arms of the Asian Pivot theory. Different supranational organisations, like, SAARC, IORA. MGC. BIMSTEC. US backing the littoral states and supporting their claims over the islands. The roreign pohcy of US counterbalancing China.
Twenty first century is being called as the century of Asian countries, implying the resurgence of the Asian countries. Asia is flanked by Pacific Ocean in the East and Indian Ocean in the South. The lndo-Pacific zone is the new emerging power zone because of various reasons. The rise of India, China, presence of US in its V1ciniry, strategic significance of the region; geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific zone; Asian pi\'Ot theory of US; large trade influx in the area; high demographic dividend of the region, etc.
The Indo-Pacific zone, because of its unique geography and multiple vested interests of the littoral states has formed various supranational organisations. Recently the formation of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) with twelve member countries has been widely discussed Various think tan ks have interpreted TPP as an attempt by US to contain rising China and defiant India (in forums like WTO).
US think tanks gave the theory of 'Asian Pivot'. This theory was mainly directed at China, in order to sustain the hegemony of US. However, due to rapid strides of China in various fields US had to take various steps in order to contain China and rebalance Asia TPP is being considered as the economic arms of the Asian Pivot theory. However, exports are of the view that by clobbering TPP under the leadership of US the ramifications will be wide and deep.
India will be adversely affected due to vanous labour standards, environmental standards etc. This will deter India to join the group and will affect its trade in the region. Similarly China will be kept at bay by US from joining the grouping. However, in order to counter balance the loss due to trade, India is trying to become a member of Regional Comprehensh•e Economic Partnership (with 10 member states of ASEAN and some other countries of South-East Asia including India.
China has shown its expertise in infra.scmcrure m the last few decades in pursuance of the same, China has floated the idea of 'One Belt One Road' (OBOR) project. OBOR aims to connect countries ut rwill and Europe through road and rail links. The project was opposed tooth and nail by US, despite such opposition many countries of hope expressed willingness to join the project.
The OBOR was the brainchild of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). AIIB aims co fill the gaps of global financial institutions viz World Bank, lMF etc. In tlus context OBOR and AIIB 1s representation of nsing Asia and a shift towards a multi-polar world.
Similarly, Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), a group of 21 Pacific Rim countries aims lO promote free trade m the region. The main objective of APEC is to capitalise upon the potential of developing countries and to exploit the advancement in various fields of developed countries. The growing interdependence of these countries on each other cums to secure free trade and a robust economic partnership among the member countries.
Similarly, some other supranational organisanons where India has taken driver's seat for fostering cooperation m the region are South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC) and Bay of Bengal initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). However, the main drawback of all these organisations is the conflicted interests of the member countries. sharing Similar interest:. m other organisations.
Also, the lack of able leadership has marred the objectives of these organisation. SAARC has been less effective due to perception of India by others smaller countries and the obstructive attitude of Pakistan in the grouping. Similarly, !ORA has been only partially successful due to its diffused objectives, promoting open regionalism for strengthening economic cooperation and social development
Similarly, MGC could not reach its intended targets of cooperation in tourism, culture, education and transportation linkage due to lack of appropriate initiative and lack of proper steps to meet the intended targets in a set time frame. Similarly, BIMSTEC which aims to promote teclmological and economic cooperation could not take off due to conflicted interests of member countries in other similar organisations.
As the Indo-Pacific zone is emergmg in vanous fields, it is natural that countries of the region will vie for their superiority. This will place them at cross purposes with each other.
Therefore, many irritants are also present in the region which are impediments in realisation of the full potential of the region. The rise of China has been a double edged sword for the region, it has benefited them and has also been a source of intimidation.
The conflict in the South China Sea is the manifestation of cartographic expansion of China. The littoral states of the region have staked claim over islands rich in mineral resources in the South China Sea. China with its superior naval power have been able to brow-beat the neighbouring countries. However US has backed the littoral states indirectly and has supported their clauns over the islands, Similarly, the theory of String of Pearls theory given by experrs has been an irritant for India Based on this theory China has bt!en surrounding India by developing infrastructure in its surrounding ports in Gwadar (Pakistan), Humbantota (Sri Lanka), Sittwe (Myanmar) are the manifestation of String of Pearls theory.
Similarly, this area is infestt:d with drug trafficking and human trafficking countries like, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, etc are the hub of such crimes. This creates law and order and security issues in this area Therefore, proper cooperation and crackdowns on these cartel are necessary for development of this area, lndo-Pacific zone will become the Europe of 20th century.
However, this will be realised only when big powers like India, China, Japan, US, etc are on the same page. The foreign policy of US of counterbalancing- China has been a cause of concern for the region. Convergence of interest and cooperation in economic, social, political fields will go a long way in realisation of potential of the region. Therefore, prudent leadership by Asian giants will make the 21st century truly an Asian century.