Print Document or Download PDF

Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose

Feed by Manisha Cat- Essay

We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Childhood and family profile, Educational background, joined the Indian National Congress and inspired the youths, Became President of the Indian National Congress twice, Made alliance with Germany and Japan for Indian freedom struggle, Took the responsibility of Indian National Army and Always remembered as one of the greatest leader of freedom movement.

Mahatma Gandhi described Subhash Chandra Bose as 'Patriot of Patriots' Subhash Chandra Bose, popularly known as NetaJi, occupied an honourable position in the history of Indian Independence Movement. He was a man of great courage, and dedicated leader completely filled with patriotism.

He wanted to free India from Brinsh RaJ not by peaceful means or petitioning but by waging open war. Subhash Chandra was born on 23rd January, 1897 in

Cuttack as the ninth child among fourteen, of Janakinath Bose, an advocate, and Prabhavati Devi, a pious and orthodox lady. He was a brilliant student and topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province and passed his BA in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Kolkata.

He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda's teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student Due to his parents' wishes he remained away from the Indian freedom struggle and they sent him to England for the preparation of Indian Civil Service.

He ranked fourth in the JCS examination and was selected, but he did not want to work under any foreign government. He resigned from the Civil Service job on 23rd April, 1921 and returned to India He came under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress.

Gandhiji directed him to work with Oeshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, the Bengali leader whom Bose acknowledged as his political guru. While Chirtaranjan Das was busy in developing the national strategy, Subhash Chandra played a major role in enlightening the students, youths and labourers of Calcutta He was eagerly waiting to see India, as an independent, federal and republic nation.

He was the leader of the youth wing of the Congress Party, in the forefront of the trade union movement in India and organised Service League, another wing of Congress. He was admired for his great skills in organisational development

Bose advocated complete freedom for Ind1a at the earliest, whereas the Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a dominion status. Other younger leaders including Jawaharlal Nehru supported Bose and finally at the historic Lahore Congress Convention, the Congress had to adopt Poorna Swaraj (complete freedom) as its motto. Bhagat Singh's martyrdom and the inability of the Congress leaders to save his life infuriated Bose and he started a movement opposing the Gandhi-Irwin Peace Pact

He was imprisoned and expelled from India But defying the ban, he came back co India and was imprisoned again. Clouds of Second World War were gathering fast and Bose warned the Indian people and the British against dragging India into the war.

He was elected President of the Indian National Congress twice in 1937 and in 1939, the second time defo.1ting Gandhiji's preferred candidate Pattahi Sitaramayya But G:mdhiji rook it as h1s own defeat Subhash Chandra was forced to resign from the President post due to the tension emerged in the Congress working committee.

He resigned from the post of President .and formed a progressive group known as the Forward Bloc (1939). The Second World War broke out in September 19Q and just as predicted by Bose, India was declared as a warring state by the British Government without the consent of Indian leaders.

The Congress party was in power in seven major states and all State Governments resigned in protest Subhash Chandra Bose then started a mass movement against utilising Indian resources and Indian army personnel in this war. To him, it made no sense to shed the blood of Indians for the sake of colonial and imperial nations.

There was a tremendous response to his call and the British promptly imprisoned him. He took to a hunger-strike, and when his health deteriorated on the 11th day of fasting, he was freed and placed under house arrest

The British were afraid of violent burst of reactions in India if something would happen to Bose in prison. Bose suddenly disappeared in from his house on 19th January, 1941, and it was not until many days that authorities realised that Bose was not in the house they were guarding. He first went to Gomoh in Bihar and from there be went on to Peshawar.

He finally reached Germany and met Hitler. Bose had been living together with his wife Emilie Schenkl in Berlin. In November 1941, his broadcast from German radio sent shock waves among the British and shocked the Indian masses who realised that their leader was working on a master plan to free their motherland.

The Axis powers (mainly Germany) assured Bose, military and other help to fight the British. Japan by this time had grown into another strong world power, occupying key colonies of the Dutch, the French, and the British in Asia. Bose had struck alliance with Germany and Japan. He rightly felt that his presence in the East would help his countrymen in freedom struggle. In July, 1943, he arrived in Singapore from Germany.

In Singapore he took over the responsibility of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia from Rash Behari Bose and organised the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) comprising mainly of lndian prisoners of wars with Japanese support. INA freed the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from the British and was renamed as Swaraj and Shaheed Islands. INA entered on the Indian mainland and captured Kohima and Imphal. They were now inside India and were determined to drive out the British. But the bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; changed the history of mankind. Japan had to surrender.

The defeat of Japan and Germany in the Second World War forced INA to retreat and it could not achieve its objectives. Bose gave slogan to his army i.e. 'Delhi Chalo' and 'Jai Hind'. He had msp1red his army men through his great words of "Give me blood and I will give you freedom" to make his motherland free from the rule of Britishers.

It is said that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was died in a plane crash in 1945. The bad news of his death had ended all the hopes of his Indian National Army to fight from British rule. Even after his death, he is still alive with his vibrant nationalism in the heart of Indian people as an everlasting inspiration. The great works and contributions of the Netaji have been marked in the Indian history as an unforgettable event.

Read More.


Go Back