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Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of Independent India. He was famous as the 'Saint of Jiradei'. He was born on December 3, 1884 in the village of Saran district, Jiradei in Bihar. His father Shri Mahadev Sahay was a landlord. Rajendra Prasad was the fifth and youngest son of his parents.
In 1896, he took admission in a school of Chapra. In 1902, he came first in the entrance examination of the University of Calcutta. He was the first Bihari student who had achieved this success. In 1906 he obtained BA. Passed the test of. M.A. His position in the exam was supreme. He passed good marks in the examination of advocacy.
What was then- soon as a lawyer for the high court, he got fame. Seeing his pure character and integrity as a lawyer, all were amazed. Before starting the advocacy, he continued teaching in a college for some time in Muzaffarpur. When Rajendra Babu studied in class five, he was married. Then his condition was only twelve years old. In his autobiography, he has interestingly described some of the interesting events of his marriage time.
Afterward, he resolved to serve the country, leaving his own good business of advocacy. The Bangla Bhavan movement of 1909 impressed them very much. After that, he was influenced by Champaran Satyagraha, which was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in Bihar in 1917. Who could forget their services during the Bihar earthquake in 1934?
He was the first General Secretary of the Congress, and in 1934 he was elected unanimously the Congress president. He remained an equal member of Congress General Secretary since 1912 and before the assumption of Presidential Council since 1922.
In 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the Minister of Interim Government in Bhindarath. When the country was liberated on August 15, 1947, the Constituent Assembly was formed under his chairmanship. In this way, under the supervision of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the Constitution of our country was made. According to the system given in the new constitution, the first general election was held in the country in 1952.
In 1952 Dr. Rajendra Prasad assumed the position of the first President of Independent India. He was elected twice for the presidency - once in 1952 and second in 1957. In 1942, he was honored with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
When Rajendra Babu went to the Rashtrapati Bhavan, he got into thinking after seeing the majesty there. He pressed the soft cushioned bed on his hand and said, 'This bed is like the ghee-filled canister. If you leave a bowl in the canister, it will move towards the bottom without moving. There will be some similar condition on the person who sleeps on this bed. '
They then removed a comfortable bed and removed a wooden stick. On that he slept for twelve years.
His humility was very comfortable, not overwhelmed. His helplessness was filled with ribbing.
He died on February 28, 1963.
At the time of going to Sadakat Ashram, after leaving President's Presence, he said, "I was neither pleased nor happy to be in the hut."
Acharya Vinoba Bhavane likened him to King Janak, saying, 'His simplicity remained even when he was the President. Raja Janak was also in Bihar and Rajendra Babu too. We have seen Rajendra Babu as a parent.