Print Document or Download PDF

Essay on The Evolution of Man

Feed by Manisha Cat- Essay

Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find Essay on The Evolution of Man in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 500 and 700 words.

Essay on The Evolution of Man - 500 Word

Humans are a product of development. Therefore human development is closely related to the origin of life and its development on the face of the earth. Talking about the development of 'man from amoeba' is customary, as amoeba is the simplest form of life. But in reality, many organisms are more primitive than amoeba, for example viruses are called. A self-replicating organic molecule is one of the most complex steps in the evolution, development from a protozoan, such as amoeba, that can consume protozoans from humans to the same time.

The term was first developed by the English philosopher Herbert Spencer for the historical development of life. Development has shown a change since then, although this term can be defined in many ways. In the context of humans, biological development began with 'the origin of life'. In the beginning, there was nothing. The successful formation of protoplasm started life and its continuous development moved towards a complex type so that different types of different types could be given birth.

About 10 billion years after the formation of the universe, the earth was formed. Life on earth was very late about three billion years ago. Of the many evolutionary problems, perhaps the origin of life is most important, because there is no record in it. Life is characterized by the ability to do some important functional activities, such as metabolic, growth and reproduction of life. There is no ambiguity about this point. But how the first life on Earth came about is a matter of estimation.

Ancient thinkers speculated that life has arisen automatically from the inorganic components of the environment, after the formation of Earth. Behind this creation a series of physical-chemical processes may have been responsible. Aristotle (384 BC to 322 BC) was the leader in this line of thought, and by the seventeenth century no one had raised any voice against his speculation. But in the seventeenth century, an Italian scientist Francesco Redi (1627-1697) used an experiment with two pieces of meat.

One of the pieces was completely covered and the second piece was placed in the open space. After a few days, they examined the two pieces very carefully. They saw that the flies placed eggs on the highlighted piece of meat and so many new flies were born. But the covered piece of meat did not make any new fly, because the flies did not have any access.

Ready tried to establish the fact that living organisms can not be automatically born from inorganic components. By studying many microorganisms such as protozoans, sperm, bacteria etc. under the microscope at the same time, Levenkoc (1632 - 1723) declared that spontaneous generation was possible for microorganisms. Later, Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) read a lot in order to present evidence in support of spontaneous creation.

In fact, scientists of this period were troubled to find out how life started smoothly in case of chance. Philosophers, thinkers and scientists had presented their various ideas and proposals about the nature and system of life on earth. Various religions had presented different concepts in this regard.

Essay on The Evolution of Man - 700 Word

The evolution of man to his current appearance can be traced back to the fossil remains of ancient man found in the East and West. A series of the fossil remains are given below:

(A) Fossil remains found in Africa-

1. Australopithecus Africans

2. Talanthropus capensis

3. Rhodesian man

4. Boship man

(B) Fossil remains found in Asia -

5. Pithecanthropus Erectus

6. Modjokertensis man

7. Sinanthropus man

8. Wadjak man

9. Solo man

(C) Fossil remains found in Europe -

10. Eoanthropus man

11. Swancombe man

12. Neanderthal man

13. Homo sapiens man

14. Grimaldi man

15. Cromagnon man

16. Chancelad man.

1. Australopithecus Africans or Taungs Ape:

This is called Taungs Ape because its sample, a child's scull, was found at a live long missing man was found the teeth of which resembled the teeth of man very much.

2. Talanthropus capensis:

In 1952 it was found near Johansberg in Africa. It was recognised as the skull of an animal between Australopithecus Africans and man.

3. Rhodesian man:

It was found at Brokenhill in Rhodesia in 1921. Its bodily peculiarities are a broad forehead, a big jaw and palate, small teeth as those of man, cranial index from 1282 to 1326 percentile. Its period was ancient Pleistocene.

4. Boship man:

It was found in Boship in 1921. Its period was Pleistocene. Its bodily peculiarities are - big skull, long fore head, big mind, straight jaw, cranial index 1930 percentile.

5. Pithecanthropus man:

Dr. Dubois found it in 1891 at a place called Trinil in Java. Its period was ancient Pleistocene. Its bodily peculiarities are: head index 73.4, cranial index 900 and 985 percentile, narrow skull like that of an ape, slanting brows, and small pointed teeth.

6. Modjokertensis man or Pithecanthropus II:

Dr. Koingswald discovered it at East Java. It belongs to a period after Pithecanthropus of Java man.

7. Sinanthropus or China man or Peking man:

Dr. Davidson Black discovered it at Chokotene, 37 miles away from Peking. Its Period is supposed to be ancient Pleistocene. Its bodily peculiarities are - cranial index from 915 to 1225 percentile, head index 76, small skull like that of an ape, skull bone like that of a man, thighbone 156 percentile, broad nasal bone.

8. Wadjak man:

Dr. Dubois discovered in Java in the year 1936. Its period is III Ice Age. Its bodily peculiarities are - cranial index 1650 percentile and fat muscles near the neck.

9. Solo man:

It was also found in Java in 1926. Its period appears to be III last Ice Age. It also has heavy muscles near neck.

10. Piltdown or Cave man:

Dr. Dawson discovered it in 1911 at Piltdown in Sussex province of England. Its period is Pleistocene. Its bodily peculiarities are - lower Jaw like that of an ape, upper pointed teeth like those of an ape, skull that of man, cranial index from 1400 to 1500 percentile and hand index 78.

11. Swancombe man:

Its skull was found in 1935 at Swancombe in the south of the river Tames. It belonged to some woman, the capacity of whose skull was about 1235-1350.

12. Neanderthal man:

Wm. King discovered it at a place called Dugus ford in Neands (Germany) in 1956. Its period is believed to be middle Pleistocene. Its bodily peculiarities are - length 5 feet 3 inches, neck like that of an ox, broad chest, fat brows, cranial index 1400 percentile. The remains of Neanderthal man have been found in France, Germany, Rome, Yugoslavia, Palestine and many other places.

13. Homo Sapiens man:

It is man's direct ancestor. Its three tribes evolved in Europe, are - Grimaldi man, Cromagnon man and Chancelad man.

14. Grimaldi man:

It was found at Grimaldi in Moneko province. It is an earlier form of Cromagnon man.

15. Cromagnon man:

Quatrefags and Hamy discovered it in 1869 at a place, Cromagnon, in South France. Its bodily peculiarities are - height 6 feet, long shaped forehead, high and big skull, small features and broad cheeks.

16. Chancelad man:

It is one of the forms of Cromagnon. It was discovered in France in 1888. It very resembled a Mongol. Its stature was small, skull big and the body was heavy.

Read More.

Go Back