Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Wildlife Protection in India in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 2000 words.
"In the fur, ivory, animals and animals, hunters and traders have plundered themselves in the forests in greed, and soon millions of innocent animals have been killed around the world so that many animals become extinct and threaten many others. This destructive work is still going on. Living creatures are so dependent on each other and dependent on the existence of mankind as well as the beginning of the 20th century. Rrashtryy is great concern in the community.
Nature has been the root cause of human existence. During some time, there are so many ways in the so-called search for the development of humans and inventions and discoveries have been exploited and attacked on the basis of our existence.
Environment has physical environments and situations that include the quality of all forms of air, water, greenery, vegetation and living organisms. In most parts of our lives, most of us have experienced the "web of life" which shows us that every form of life is dependent on one another for its existence, algae and fungus directly to humans. The extinction of any species is exited only to break the series of normalcy of normal ecological balance.
In 1963, the World Conservation Union (IUCN General Assembly) passed a resolution for the international conference on the rules of export, transit and import of rare or dangerous wildlife species, their skins and trophies. After ten years, 21 countries signed a conference on international trade in endangered species of wildlife and vegetation (CITES). The main objective is to investigate more exploitation through international trade.
In 1972, due to the trade of tiger, rhino horn, bear claws and gall blades of millions of people sold in lakhs of people, due to trade in the skins, monsters, snakes etc., various species of endangered wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 To accelerate India to implement. India joined CITES by evaluating in 1976.
However, there were some errors and shortcomings faced in the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, which was misbehaved by unscrupulous traders, this has made an amendment in 1986. The CITES had a major impact on the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, which amended in 1991 and made the act more stringent. Some of the key features of the amendment were: All animals from wildlife were prohibited under the Appendix I of the sites. Collection and trade was restricted to specified plants (dead or alive).
With the identification of stocks of Wild Life PR licensed dealers, verification and marking were required. Permission is required from an authorized officer to transport wildlife and wildlife products, which the product was legally acquired. The business was totally restricted in Ivory and its products. Without the consent of Wildlife Warden, the issue of firearms was restricted within 10 kilometers of firearms. Vehicles, weapons, ships and weapons used for the purpose of committing crime under the Act, Act were seized. The commercial fall and exploitation of Flora was banned. Individuals and NGOs were allowed to take examples of direct violations of the courts. To ensure the sound management of Zoos, a central zoo authority was established.
CITES, working in coordination with organizations like WWF-India and Traffic-India, by improving the enforcement of CITES through organizing policies in the development of wildlife in India as well as controlling trade in law, wildlife and wildlife products. India has played a very significant role in the development of wildlife. Training courses for enforcement agencies such as Police, Customs, Central Forensic Labs, Interpol Officer, Members of Parliament, Judiciary Members. It was seen that it was only with the coordination and cooperation of these officers that with the objectives of CITES
However, the enforcement of CITES was the responsibility of member states. CITES management centers have been set up in Amritsar, Dehradun, Delhi, Guwati, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Cochin and Tuticorin. India is also responsible for submitting annual reports to CITES on the basis of its development.
Some important points of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 _
(A) Wildlife can include any animal, bees, butterflies, crustaceans, fish and kites; And the aquatic or land vegetation that forms part of any housing.
(B) Wild animal means that any animal is found to be wild in nature, and any schedule found in it includes Schedule I, Schedule II, Schedule III, Schedule IV or Schedule V.
(C) Accommodation will include land, water or vegetation, which is the natural home of any wild animal.
(D) In the prey, catching, killing, poisoning, snatching and trapping of any wild animal must be included and an attempt to do this or even to run an animal for this purpose. Hurt would also mean hunting or destroying or destroying any part of the body of animals or birds or reptiles of this kind, or causing damage to their eggs or disturbing their nests.
(E) Trophy will include a whole or part of any captive wild animal other than the poultry preserved by natural or artificial means and will include the rugs, skins and specimens of such animals which are mounted in whole or part by taxidemy. Entler, horn hair, wings, nails, tooth musk, egg and nest will also be called trophy.
(F) The specified plants refer to the plants specified under Schedule VI.
The Act restricts the victim of any wild animal under schedule I, II, III, and IV. However, there are some exceptions, such as Chief Wildlife Warden, who satisfied that the animal has become dangerous for human life or is unable to be disabled or unable to recover, giving reasons for the reasons and allowing the victim as per order of prey. Self-defense in self-defense or murder or being injured will not be crime. Although such animals would be the property of government. On payment of fixed fees, the main wildlife warden can give permits to seek any wild animal for education, scientific research and management (zoos, museums and similar species of wild animals collection or poisoning To prepare a collection of snake venom for the creation of medicines for redistribution institutions, without proper housing population management. In the case of animals under the Scheduled Tribes by HE Government was required before allowing in the case of all other animals in the state.
Access to the weapon with the prior permission of Wild Life Warden is also prohibited. Wildlife Warden's Sanctuary is the duty of vaccination against all transitive diseases, livestock within 5 km of livestock. State Government If it is deemed appropriate that a region within or outside a sanctuary has become a national park by notification, due to the ecology, flora, fauna, geo-geographical, natural or animal science association.
Limitations can only be changed by a proposal of state legislation
(B) Dumping and burning is also prohibited. The livestock pasture is also prohibited.
(C) State Government may stop any area for hunting for the period specified by notification and will be known as closed area.
In the case of the zoo, there is also the central zoo authority for housing, which specifies the minimum standards of housing, maintenance and veterinary care, and the zoo which maintains stud-book, coordination, AC exchange and loan animals for reproduction purposes etc. Provides access to the workings of
Wild animals are basically the property of the government. If any person has the right to such animal or article, he can report to the nearest police officer within 48 hours or to give such charge to the officer in charge. The certificate of ownership can be given in case of occupation by the main wildlife warden, which he can mark in the form of identity for the purpose of identification.
Schedule 1 is prohibited by trade or commerce law in trophy, animal articles etc. in Part II of Schedule II. It involves dealing with construction, importation, taxidemi trophy, captive animals or their meat.
Any other officer authorized by the Director or any other Chief Wildlife warden may require any captive animal, wild animal, meat, trophy (right / uncertain), specified plants or its parts or licenses or inspection of permits on reasonable suspicion. It can stop any vehicle to search or query the premises, land, vehicle, ship, open luggage or other property. In case of illegal property, he may also catch illegal possession with tools, traps, vehicles, vessels or weapons used for commissioning the crime. The arrest of a warrant is also possible.
Officials under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 are government servants and the acts done by the authorities in good faith are not punishable. Individuals who assist in identifying a crime can be rewarded up to 20% of the penalty imposed.
Despite the stringent provisions of the Act, the implementation of the Act is very bad. Every day newsletters disclose trade in one or the other story of killing animals or in reptiles' skins or big cats.
In a recent case of Mumbai, 29 Python Skins (Python Reticulate) was seized by Deputy Director Wildlife, Northern Region, Sri S.K. Discharge from the leather factory in Dharavi. Three people, including the Dutch woman, were detained, who said they imported skins from Italy with the knowledge of customs officers. It is now believed that the skins were obtained from both domestic and foreign sources. This is the fifth or sixth case in succession, where there is an area in the form of Netherlands, Italy, Singapore and Malaysia. In the earlier case, six handbags were made from snake skin (possibly backwards) which are believed to have been smuggled from China through Dubai.
With a quick browse on the Internet for foreign leather, thousands of sites and companies disclose the sale and manufacture of products made from reptile skins. Foreign leathers are back in fashion and are taking heavy toll on many endangered species. In many countries, the creation and trade of reptile articles such as coats, shoes, bags and belts are permitted. There are many manufacturing units of snake skin products in China, Thailand and Malaysia.
In India, all trade is prohibited under "Wildlife (Protection) Act" in reptile products, but a secret business is in progress. In the last two years there have been many visits where the amount of snakes and other reptiles have been seized July 2002 In one big case, a person was arrested in Bangalore Police and broke 3 "5,100 snakes (most of the mouse snake and cobra) and 12 bags seized the skins E. The value of this price is Rs. 10 million (US $ 2,10,000) in the international market. Khal was allegedly brought from a village in Chittoor district of southern Andhra Pradesh state. He was taken to Chennai from where he was sent to Singapore. There have been other major tournaments in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Uttaranchal.
India has a long history of trade in reptiles; In 1977, a startling four million snake holes (mostly rat snake skins) were legally exported. It is believed that the business was so widespread that it played an important role in the huge increase in the rat population, especially in the 1970s, to end food grain stores. Finally, in 1986, export of snake skin products was banned, and in spite of an energetic appeal by reptiles traders and a permanent order, the ban was finally continued on March 20, 1997. In 1999, the Indian government burnt publicly 160,000 snakes and more than 5 000 reptiles skin shoes and bags in National Zoological Park, New Delhi. These shares were organized for several years by an Indian government enterprise working in the export of the India Leather Corporation, leather goods. Similar to the business in big cat skins it seems that the wheel again threatens the future of our snakes and other reptiles.
In fact, the beauty of animal skin and big money lying in the business are the main reasons for such victims and looting of forests. The law alone alone can not stop it completely. Unless the rich are the main consumers of such goods, then the meaninglessness of consuming such things and understanding the non-conservative aspect of killing innocent animals can not be understood. Awareness is needed to protect wildlife worldwide.