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Essay on The Palestine Problem - 900 Words

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Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on The Palestine Problem in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 900 words.

After World War I, the problem of Palestine was born with the dissolution of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Palestine was one of the many Turk Turks, which was placed under Great Britain under the Mandate system of the League of Nations, according to the contract of League (Article 22).

Except Palestine, all these circle territories became completely independent states. Exception was Palestine, where instead of limiting to "administrative support and advice", Mandate's primary purpose was to implement the "Balfour Declaration" issued by the British Government in 1917, "Establishment was established in the Palestine by the Jewish people A national home. "

During the Palestine Treaty from 1922 to 1947, large-scale immigration from abroad, mainly from eastern Europe, increased the number of inflamed Nazis with the infamous Nazi persecution of the Jewish population in the 1930s. The Palestinian demand of independence and the resistance of Jewish immigration revolted in 1937, after that the war continued immediately after the Second World War and immediately the terrorism and violence continued from both sides. Great Britain used different sources to bring freedom to the affected area of ​​violence. In 1947, Great Britain handed over this issue to the United Nations.

Keeping in mind the various options, the United Nations proposed to split Palestine into two independent states, one Palestinian Arab and other Jews' Palestine. One of the two states announced their independence in the partition scheme, because in the war of Israel and 1948, 77 percent of Palestine's area was in the region. Israel also occupied large portions of Jerusalem. More than half of the indigenous Palestinian populations were fled or expelled. Jordan and Egypt also occupied other parts of the Palestinian Arab state, which did not come into existence.

During the 1967 war, Israel occupied the rest of Palestine, which was under the control of the Jordanian and Egypt (West Bank and Gaza Strip), which included the remaining part of Jerusalem 1, which was later Israel was occupied. The war brought the Palestinians to the second escape. Resolution 242 of the Security Council of 22nd November, 1967 captured Israel's struggle for independence in 1967.

In 1974, the General Assembly confirmed the independence of Palestinian people, national independence and inept rights of sovereignty. In 1975, the General Assembly established a committee on the practice of inept rights of the Palestinian people. The General Assembly also gave PLO the status of the observer in the Assembly and other international conferences held under the United Nations.

However, the events on the ground were not positive but were negative. In June 1982, Israel attacked Lebanon with the stated intention of ending the PLO. An armistice was arranged. The PLO soldiers withdrew from Beirut and transferred to thousands of Palestinian refugees after security guarantee for security in neighboring countries. After this, massacres of refugees in Sabra and Shatila camps were massacred.

In September 1983, the international conference on Palestine's question, which was widely attended, was adopted along with the following principles, the Geneva Declaration: the need to oppose and reject the establishment of the settlement in the occupation area and To change the move made by Israel, the situation of Jerusalem, the right of all the states in the region is safe and internationally. Nyta existed within the boundaries, justice for all people and security and the Palestinian people's legitimate, with the attainment of unqualified rights.

In December 1987, a large-scale rebellion against Israel's occupation began in the Palestinian territories. During the rebellion, the methods used by Israeli forces resulted in heavy injuries and significant loss of life between the civilian Palestinian population.

A peace conference on the Middle East was organized on October 30, 1991 with the aim of achieving a permanent and comprehensive peace agreement through direct talks with 2 tracks in Madrid: between the Israeli and Arab stores and the Security Council resolutions Based on the 242 and 338 ("Land for Peace" formula) between Israel and the Palestinians A series of talks followed in the mutual recognition signed by both the parties of Israel State Government and the Palestinian Liberation Organization, representatives of the Palestinian people and the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangement in Washington, DC, September 13, 1990 3, as well as subsequent implementation agreements, which led to many other positive developments, such as Israeli forces Not retract, the Palestinian council elections and the Palestinian Authority presidency, the release of prisoners and the establishment of an executive administration in areas under Palestinian self-rule. The involvement of the United Nations is essential for the peace process as both the guardian of international legitimacy and the provision of organizational and international assistance.

The UN General Assembly welcomed the declaration of the principles as an important step. The Assembly also confirmed that "there is a permanent responsibility in relation to the question as the United Nations, which, according to international legitimacy, is resolved satisfactorily in all its aspects."

During the past years, anxiety over the interruption in peace talks is increasing. The General Assembly, in particular, was called to deal with the deteriorating situation in the Palestinian territories, occupied by the Tenth Emergency Session of the Assembly. The acts of violence against the citizens, the situation of the Israel government in relation to Jerusalem, and the expansion of settlements, land seizure and violence on collective measures, alarm is increasing, which was severely weakening the peace process due to violence. Area. Neither Israel nor Palestine leaders are taking serious steps to stop violence. Both parties are on the logger head, it is innocent people who are the main sufferers. Here the UNO seems completely ineffective.

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