Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Nuclear Energy - Advantages and Disadvantages in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and IAS, IPS banking or other competitive exams students in 750 words.
"Rising concerns over climate change have highlighted the need to increase the contribution of atomic energy in the energy mix and reduce dependence on fossil fuels in the years to come. This essay discusses some of the major benefits and disadvantages of nuclear energy. "
Nuclear energy represents only 15% of the electricity produced worldwide. However, in France, 80% of the electricity output is from nuclear power and in Europe one fourth of the power comes from nuclear power. Nuclear power represents very few percentages in the total power generation of many countries, but this percentage is likely to increase in the coming years. Atomic energy is generated by using uranium, one of which isotope mineral, U-234 is unstable. Nucleus breaks, resulting in chain reaction in the heat and radiation emission. This is called nuclear fission and this process releases energy in large quantities, but the process also releases radiation which is very dangerous.
What are the benefits of nuclear energy?
Nuclear power has the ability to produce electricity without greenhouse gas emissions. It produces electricity without pollution. This energy is cleaner than many other forms of production. Essentially, nuclear power would be "carbon-zero" if uranium was mined and delivered in a more efficient manner.
The nuclear reaction releases one million times more energy than hydro or wind energy. Large amount of energy is generated from a nuclear power plant.
Nuclear reactors use uranium as fuel and produce enormous amount of energy from a small amount of uranium. Uranium has high reservoir in the earth. With current estimates, uranium supplies are sufficient to last 30 to 60 years. In addition, other fuel chunks such as thorium are available for power generation. However, oil reserves and other fossil type fuels are likely to end soon.
Nuclear power plants operate reliably and there is constant production of electricity. Plants generally do not have to deal with operating and maintenance problems. This is in contrast to other alternative energies which depend on weather activity.
Lower operating costs
Although the construction of nuclear power reactors is expensive, they are relatively inexpensive to operate. Fuel is cheap and the number of about 10 people can be operated by at least 10 people.
Atomic energy is by far the most concentrated form of energy, so it can be produced in small quantities in small quantities.
Production of a small quantity of wastes and waste is more compact.
Atomic energy produces electricity at competitive prices and is generally comparable to the production of coal plants.
A nuclear plant is not dependent on local sources like oil and coal and it can be installed in any part of the world. This does not require much space and therefore can be kept in pre-developed areas and the electricity should not be moved over long distances.
What are the disadvantages of nuclear energy?
Nuclear Weapon Threats
There are potential nuclear proliferation issues in it. Some reactors produce plutonium which can be used to make nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons are a major threat to the world because they can cause massive destruction.
High capital intensive
Nuclear plants require high level of technology and a major initial capital investment. Its sacrifice cost is also very high.
Long Gestation period
It takes a lot of time to take about 15-20 years to develop a plant.
There are issues with the management of radioactive waste. The expenditure fuel is highly radioactive and should be kept carefully for several years after use. The solution to the waste management problem should be discovered and developed. There is R & D cost.
Disasters, Accidents and Risks
An accident can be a major disaster, resulting in thousands of deaths and high levels of radiation in the environment are being released, for example: a reactor exploded at Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine and melting of the origin of a reactor on a three-mile island United States of america.
Non renewable energy
Atomic energy is an alternative energy but not renewable energy because uranium is a non-renewable source and its supply is limited.
Nuclear plants can have harmful targets for any person obstructing power supply, and can cause very dire consequences and entire area.
Today, nuclear energy remains controversial. There are supporters and opponents of nuclear energy, but in the coming years, nuclear power has a major role with other green energy. The importance of reducing the risks associated with nuclear energy should be given due importance to the use of its full potential.