Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Communism in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 1350 words.
Comparatively, 'communism' has been a strong influence in comparison to any other political-economic theory, which has shifted humanity in search of new social order. It promotes efficient production and equitable distribution, ensures economic self-sufficiency to all, and a sense of community between man and man.
Karl Marx, a political philosopher of communism, developed in collaboration with his friend Frederick Engels. Founder of Communist rule in Russia V. Eye Lenin further developed Marxian communism. Lenin put the fundamental principles of Marxian communism in operation and thus demonstrated that socialist ideas are not utopian theory but are politically practical and attainable.
Marx is the founder, architect is the creator of communism through England and Lenin Revolution. In strengthening the Soviet Union of Marx, Lenin's contribution is also to be recognized.
Communism is the extreme and violent form of revolutionary socialism. For a proper understanding of communist theory, it is important to understand the basic principles of Marxian theory - (1) interpretation of materialistic concept and history; (2) Labor theory (surplus) value (3) The law of concentration of capital; And (4) class warfare.
Marx interpreted all historical movements in terms of the physical conditions of life. The society has been rapidly divided into two opponents through the history of regulation of land and other means of production for personal use and profit; lasses As soon as the protest against the interests of the farmer or the landless slave was in opposition to his feudal lord, in the present industrial era, interests of the capitalist class and factory workers were opposing each other. It offers thesis and anti-thesis.
With all the means of production on their order, the property class buys the services of the labor worker class, which relies on the sale of labor force for their livelihood. According to Marx the only labor is the labor cost and the capitalist employer is benefitted by the process of depriving and exploiting the workers of full value of their labor.
Since the quantity of production increases and its technique becomes more complex, in some land and management, the tendency of concentration and capital monopoly evolves. The result is that the profit of the capitalist owner increases, whereas the condition of the workers becomes proportionally distorted. It is like a generation of positive and negative energy at the same time in the dynamo at the same time. History of mankind is the history of this deprivation. At one level, things become unbearable and the system bursts.
In fact, it has been found in nature that after the process of development a phase comes when the fragments of the tree are torn apart; It jumps or jumps, like water has a qualitative change making the steam on the heat of 100 degrees. It is known as dialectical materialism, which sometimes advocates a complete change.
But according to Marx, the capitalist system of production, in itself, combines its own seed or destruction. The growth of large-scale production leads to the extinction of small scale producers, who are unable to compete with their large scale rivals, eventually the position of ordinary workers are motivated to dry up. Independent artisan wages become earning, and the number of unsatisfied proletariat increases. Second, to ensure economic areas, localization of industries in special areas brings together thousands of workers; They develop a strong group consciousness through reciprocal links, and strive to protect and protect their rights and interests against their employers. Thus, unions trade and power is achieved.
Also, by reducing wages, the bourgeoisie falsely causes the shrinkage of their home market and they have to finance and organize the sale of goods in foreign markets. Thus, Marx's slogan - "The workers of the world are united; you have nothing to lose but your chains are there." It naturally receives a rev 'utionery power and significance.
Unemployment, business cycles, strikes, periodic financial crisis - these are the natural and indispensable consequences of the capitalist order of society. Continuous efforts of the capitalist class to keep wages low, motivates workers to organize resistance. Intrusion begins between the bourgeoisie for the class of personal interests. It is known as the inner square paradox between the bourgeoisie. After all, to eradicate the capitalist system and seize the state's machinery, it may explode as an open revolution. It will be followed immediately after the upliftment of the means of production by the proletariat with personal hands. Then the communists captured the power.
As a result of the end of the proletarian revolution, there are all forms of eradication of classes and exploitation of human beings. Then as a proposal to establish a classified society, the Proletariat adheres to the duration of the dictatorship. Through the military assistance in the former Soviet Union, this dictatorship of the proletariat regime continued for more than 75 years after the operation of Glasnost of Perestoca and Gorbavov.
After Marx, Lenin, the maker of modern Russia, says that there is two phases involved in achieving complete communism, such as, (1) the revolutionary phase (2) after the revolutionary phase. The first phase of the revolution has been shown by the proletariat to capture the tremendous occupation of political power and subsequent employment from socialism to squeeze from the last remains of capitalism. At this stage, the state considers the character of a class state; The proletariat adopts the policy of gradual expansion of public ownership by seizing and regulating private ownership.
There is no special privilege and everyone is made to work according to the principle - 'He does not work or he will eat'. Everyone has to work according to their capacity and everyone comes back according to their work and ultimately according to their needs.
Communists believe that with the gradual eradication of the last remaining remains of capitalism, a new order of society will emerge when all social responsibility will be motivated by the spirit so that they will make their best efforts for the good of each community. And there will be no necessity for the state's strength. In this phase, all the productive forces of the state will be fully developed and according to their needs all will get primary necessities of life-food, clothes, shelter, medical assistance, leave etc. This is the final transition for everyone according to their capacity, each one according to his needs.
The arrival of this stage marks the final victory of communism when the state will no longer be considered a requirement. The state, therefore, will dry away. Thus, according to the communists, the turmoil of capitalism itself can not create communism itself.
To achieve complete communism, consciousness and intelligent endeavors, the Communists and Anarchists agree so far because they respect the elimination of the state in the form of abolition of the state, but the communists are different from the anarchists in that they Do not put an immediate end to the state as anarchist.
Communists argue that with the gradual completion of the person through the communist organization of society, 'the state will go away' in the natural process. Communism is different from socialism that socialism wants to establish state ownership of only means of production and equitable distribution, but communism advocates general ownership of all things, and therefore it wants to end all kinds of personal property and exploitation. . No body should be allowed to enjoy unearned income. The purpose of communism is to create a classified society in which each person will have enough opportunities for self-development and self-expression. Thus, it tries to stop human exploitation by humans and ensure economic independence to all workers.
Whether communism in the meaning of a classified society, but without the need of state pressure, will be achieved anytime, until it is achieved, it remains controversial. Some strenuous experiments have failed. But as a political force the movement has accelerated the social progress and the concept of government's work has undergone a complete change. Governments have to take measures to improve the wages and conditions of the workers in order to control unlimited profitability. The welfare of the workers and the entire community is no longer ignored as being outside the state's field.