Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Energy Crisis in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 or IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams students in 550, 350 and 1350 words.
Essay on Energy Crisis - 350 Words
Energy is the most important requirement for economic development and social change for all countries of the world.
This is an important input in the fields of production. We need more energy to produce more.
Someone can say that economic development and prosperity of the nation depends largely on the availability of energy.
Energy is required to do all kinds of tasks. We also need energy to drive, cook food, run factories and even keep ourselves fit.
In ancient times, man was largely dependent on coal. But once used coal can not be used again. So man got crude oil.
Electricity is generated from water. But not enough water is available everywhere. Both coal and crude oil are limited in quantity.
In this way, we have to think about using these items in the least possible manner.
In today's world, when there is rapid growth in science and technology, industry is also growing rapidly.
But industrialization will not happen, if there is no energy available to run our factories and industries.
Therefore, today one of the world's major concerns is to increase the energy availability by producing more energy.
It is done by conserving energy along with new sources of energy as energy-saving energy is generated.
One way to see the difference between rich (developed) and poor (both developing and less developed) countries is to see how much energy they consume.
While developed countries consume more than 85 percent of the energy available in the world, developing and under-developed nations use the remaining 15 percent of energy.
Adding it here is unnecessary that it is a developing and under-developed country, which requires energy to increase its living, economic development, self-reliance and the level of life of its people.
The major success India has achieved in the field of industry, transport and agriculture is possible due to the availability of cheap energy: However today the Indian energy scenario is far from satisfactory.
Presently, per capita commercial energy consumption is one-tenth of the world's energy consumption. This, too, is one of the reasons for our low level income.
Essay on Energy Crisis - 550 Words
Human growth has made a long journey. It was the greatest achievement of the primitive man when he discovered fire with the help of a stone. This leads to the progress of human history very fast. Later many discoveries and inventions were made that completely changed human life. Energy is such a great invention that has made our life more developed
More comfortable This has become the most urgent need for us. It has also created a crisis. In today's industrially advanced world, energy demand is increasing day by day. We have machines and factories, we have buses, cars, trains and aircraft, we have ships and sub-marines. They need energy to run. But that's not all. The man is groaning for a comfortable and comfortable life. That's why she has become a bit sluggish He also does not like to wind his watch. Therefore, energy is being used for running watches and clocks, typewriters, shaving razors and many other things. It seems like everything will be paralyzed if there is no energy.
Wood, later, was the first source of energy on coal, then came oil and passing through the phase of atomic energy, the man is now ready for solar energy. We are naturally eager to think about our future because we know the bitter truth that one day will come to an end when we do not have any coal or oil. This will mean energy crisis, for which we are responsible for ourselves. Those who have carefully calculated, they think that coal deposits will continue till 2080, and it is also true that poor quality coal with only 40 percent carbon content is not conducive to electricity generation. It is also very difficult to exploit the uneven distribution of coal. That's why man is in search of other sources of energy. Our current hope rests on nuclear power
Nuclear energy can be obtained through fusion and fusion processes. In both of these processes, a large amount of fuel is released in large amounts of energy. But we must be aware of the fact that atomic energy is full of risks. The use of atomic energy gives birth to pollutants and therefore pollutes our environment. Is actually due to pollution
The use of atomic energy from the fragmentation process is very harmful compared to pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Dangerous nuclear radiation can damage the cells and cause irreparable damage, and in some cases too.
Thus the world is facing serious energy crisis. India's condition is not good. With increasing population, the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Since there is limited coal and oil reserves and power generation in India
And oil is too expensive, so the government is taking steps to supply energy for non-commercial purposes
Various sources such as biogas The scientists of the entire world are trying to fulfill the challenge. They are trying to exploit the solar, water and air reserves. Hydro-electric power is cheap, so there are air mills. Solar energy also gives man the brightest expectations. However installing the necessary infrastructure for the exploitation of solar energy is very expensive. On the thermal generator a huge disk is formed to focus the sunlight which uses this sunlight to produce energy.
In this way, we have to make every effort to save it from complete darkness.
Essay Energy Crisis in India - 1350 Words
Free Sample Essay In India Energy Crisis Energy is the power that keeps the wheels moving and other things remain alive and dynamic. Energy creates the foundation of all our industrial, agricultural and developmental activities. Life itself is energy based.
Energy is important for all our development and development. There are many sources of energy, such as fossil fuels, air, water and sun. Fossil fuels have been a traditional source of our energy needs and under which coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas come. Another source of conventional energy is fuel wood, animal waste and agricultural residues but these are known as non-commercial fuels. Unfortunately, sources of conventional energy are decreasing very rapidly. These traditional and natural sources of energy are not enough to meet our growing demand and as a result, there is a crisis.
As a developing country, India needs maximum energy because it is the main input in economic and industrial development. Energy is consumed in India by all sections of the economy and all sections of the society in India. Energy crisis is not limited to India alone. Even in developed countries such as America, Russia, Germany and Japan, this problem is also. There is a direct and close relationship between the availability of energy and the growth of any country. Despite a 42-fold increase in power generation, during the last four decades, the demand for crude oil in India increased by 6x and 130x in crude oil production, lack of energy and the difference between availability and difference is increasing demand is.
India has to import an important part of its oil needs. During 1992-93, our import bill for petroleum and petroleum products was about Rs. Was there. 17,100 crores, a staggering Rs. 71,500 crores in 2000-01 Despite unprecedented growth in our petroleum industry, we have to import large quantities of crude oil and petroleum products from other countries. Industry has seen tremendous progress in the field of oil exploration and production, refining and marketing petroleum products. Production of domestic crude oil in 1990-91 reached the highest level of 330 million tonnes. However, during 1991-92 it was reduced to 303 lakh tonnes, but again after therapeutic measures, in 1999-2000, it became almost 327 million tonnes.
Continued increase in oil prices in the international market since 1973 has made the energy crisis worse in India. It has put heavy pressure on our developing economy and the urgent need of energy-efficient machines and equipment, especially automobiles, is because the transport sector is the main consumer of petroleum products. In the context of the energy crisis and the constantly increasing oil import bill, high priority should be given for the protection of oil and petroleum products in transportation, industrial, agricultural and household sectors. In addition, attempts to increase indigenous production of crude oil should be sharpened and private and international oil companies should be included.
Electricity is the most popular form of energy and its demand in the country is growing faster than other forms of conventional energy. Despite the unprecedented increase in power generation in India during the last few years, there is a sharp reduction. Electricity plays a very important role in both industrial and agricultural sectors. Increasing consumption of electricity in the country reflects our growth and development. Per capita power consumption in India is much less compared to other countries. The Ninth Plan outlay for the total public sector sector was Rs. 223,050 crore But this outlay was inadequate in terms of our energy needs and the exploitation of our thermal and hydal power potential.
Heavy money is required for power generation. The establishment of new power plants and maintenance of existing and old power, renewal and modernization are not possible by the State Electricity Boards etc. owned by the state. Apart from this, there are huge funds and risks involved in transmission and distribution of electricity. The government does not have enough resources to meet the challenge. Therefore, it is desirable that the power sector should be thrown open for private participation. This is in the fitness of things which private companies have worked in some parts of the country. In the coming years, the power shortage appears to be worrisome and it requires huge resources to build additional capabilities.
Compared to the targeted 30,538 MW, there was no hope of a capacity increase of more than 20,000 MW by the end of the eighth plan. The capacity increase in the Ninth Plan was 57,000 MW. Therefore, private sector participation is one of the most realistic options to increase power generation capacity. In 1999-2000 (April-November), 313.8 billion kilowatt electricity was generated, but still the lack of power continued due to gross mismanagement at all levels.
A study by the World Bank team told the privatization of State Electricity Board (SEB) as the best way to strengthen power sector in the country. It has been said in the study report that a quick conclusion of generation, transmission and distribution was necessary as the first step to make the restructuring process successful.
There is a lot of scope and many opportunities for emerging power sector for private companies. They should come forward and establish power projects and earn huge profits. It is in this background that 114 MoUs with the private sector power developers have been finalized by various states which show an additional capacity of 52,000 MW and investment of more than Rs. 200,000 crores A large part of this will be in thermal plants, where 60% of the equipment cost is there.
Nuclear, solar, wind and biomass energy can be an alternate source of our energy needs. India has four nuclear power stations. With the commissioning of Tarapur Atomic Energy Station, electricity production started in 1969, with two rich uranium fuel boiling water reactors of 210 MW capacity. Rajasthan Atomic Energy Station, using natural uranium in the form of fuel, gained criticality in December 1972. Kalpakkam Atomic Energy Station of Chennai started commercial production on March 21, 1986. These were the first such areas which were indigenously designed and constructed. After this there were two more sectors, one in Naraura of Uttar Pradesh and the second Kakrapara, Gujarat. Further expansion in nuclear power generation capacity is also in progress. India's commitment to using nuclear energy only for peaceful and affordable development activities is well known. Thus, exploitation of nuclear energy provides an important supplement to our traditional sources of energy, in spite of much concern, in the Chernobyl accident, the then U.S. R.
Modern science, technology, research and development play an important role in creating and developing new and renewable sources of energy in the country. The use of non-conventional sources of energy such as wind, tidal waves, biogas and solar energy in India is so far limited to non-commercial and small domestic purposes. But soon tidal waves, wind and solar power can be exploited for commercial purposes. These renewable, non-conventional sources of energy make a major promise to overcome the energy crisis in India. Since tidal wave resources are limited to only some coastal areas, therefore, more emphasis should be given on the development of wind power, solar energy and biogas and biomass projects. Biogas can be used as a cooking fuel in villages and towns because it is cheap, clean and convenient. It can also be used for burning and running small motors to give strength to cottage industries.
There is also rich manure from the biogas. In India, solar energy holds great promise as a clean, convenient, cheap and renewable source of energy. It has been estimated that the total solar insulation, which is falling on the surface of the horizontal one square meter from the Sun, is much higher in the country. During the day for a large part of the year, there is a lot more bright sunlight throughout the country. It can be used for our great advantage, to produce energy for domestic and industrial use. That day is not far when India will be one of the world's leading countries to exploit solar power to overcome the crisis of power generation.