Child labor is a common feature in India and in many other countries. It is one of the major evils of urbanization and industrialization. Child labor is engaged not because of shortage of laborers, but due to its easy availability and cheapness. In India there is an excess of population and labor for which there is a wide unemployment. Still, child labor is employed due to its wages are less and easy availability.
For specific jobs women and child labor is considered to be more convenient and cheaper. These workers are available directly through other workers. Specific attempts through advertisement of employment exchanges are not necessary.
Normally child labor is engaged for simple and easy jobs. So, these children do not need specific training or education. This reduces cost of training and the workers do not bear loss of the training period.
Child labor is a social evil. In a way it is an economic evil also. Now sociologists, government, social reformers, etc. are opposing the evil of child labor. Most of the child labor is actually a bonded labor. It simply ruins the childhood of the children and make them pessimistic. It causes adult unemployment.
Various legislations are there to cure the evils of child labor. Everyone knows the evils of child and bonded labor. Legislations also prohibit them. However, these laws are not properly implemented, so child labor is still in existence.