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Essay on Democracy in India

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India is the largest democracy in the world, which has been ruled by various kings, emperors for ages and colonized by Europeans for centuries. India had become a democratic nation after its independence in 1947. After that, the citizens of India were given the right to vote and to elect their leaders.
 
The second most populous country is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of India and the world's most democracy. After the independence of the country in 1947, the Indian democratic government was formed. Parliamentary and state assembly elections are held every 5 years for the elections of central and state government. Here we have to provide some essays in different word boundaries to write this topic in your exams, of which you can choose whatever you want according to your needs. Here you can find some essays on Democracy in India in English language for students in 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 words.

Essay on democracy in India 1 (200 words)

Democracy is a system of government that allows citizens to vote and choose the government of their choice. India had become a democratic nation after independence from British rule in 1947. Today it is the world's largest democratic nation. Indian democracy gives its citizens the right to vote with their choice by not paying attention to caste, color, creed, religion and gender. It has five democratic principles - Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democracy and Democratic Republic.

Various political parties stand in the state along with the national level from time to time to contest elections. Prior to the election, he preaches about the works completed during his previous tenure and also shares his future plans with the people. According to the Constitution, every Indian citizen over 18 years of age has the right to vote. The government is also making concerted efforts to encourage more and more people to vote. People should know everything about the candidates standing for the election before voting and the best qualified person should vote for good governance.

India is known for a successful democratic system. Although there are still some drawbacks that need to be worked on. To ensure democracy truly, the government must work on eliminating poverty, illiteracy, communalism, gender discrimination and casteism.

Essay on democracy in India 2 (300 words)

Democracy is called the best form of government. It allows every citizen of the country to vote and choose their leaders in spite of their caste, color, creed, religion or gender. The government is chosen by the common people of the country and it will not be wrong to say that it is their intelligence and awareness that they determine the success or failure of the government.

In many countries there is a democratic system. India is the largest democracy in the world. It runs on five democratic principles, including sovereign, socialism, secularism, democratic republic. After independence from British colonial rule in 1947, India was declared a democratic nation. Not only the biggest, but Indian democracy is considered to be one of the most successful democracies.

A federal form of Indian democracy under which a government at the Center is responsible for the Parliament and there are separate governments for the state which are equally responsible for their legislative assemblies. Elections are held at regular intervals in many states of India. In these elections, many parties compete to win the government in the center and the states. Often people are encouraged to use their right to choose the most qualified candidate, but even then caste is a major factor in Indian politics, in influencing electoral processes.

During campaigning campaigns are organized by various political parties so as to emphasize the work done by them for the benefit of the people on their future agenda.

Democracy in India is not only the right to vote but also to ensure social and economic equality. Although the country's democratic system has received worldwide praise, there are still many areas which need improvement so that democracy can be defined in the right way. To make the government a success of democracy, work should also be done to eliminate illiteracy, poverty, communalism, casteism as well as to eliminate gender discrimination.

Essay on democracy in India 3 (400 words)

Democracy is meant by people, people and people selected for the people. In the democratic nation, citizens get the right to vote and to choose their government.

India is the largest democracy in the world. After being ruled by the Mughals, Maurya, British and many other rulers for centuries, India finally became a democratic country after independence in 1947. After this, people of the country, who were exploited by foreign powers for many years, finally got the right to choose their own ministers by vote. Democracy in India is not limited to giving its citizens the right to vote, but it is also working towards social and economic equality.

Democracy in India works on five democratic principles:

  • Sovereign: This means India is free from the interference or control of any foreign power.
  • Socialist: It means giving social and economic equality to all citizens.
  • Secularism: It means freedom of adoption of any religion or rejecting everybody.
  • Democratic: This means that the Government of India is elected by its citizens.
  • Republic: This means that the head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen.

How democracy works in India

Every Indian citizen over 18 years of age can use the right to vote in India. There is no discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, gender or education of any person to provide voting rights. There are many parties in India whose candidates contest on their behalf, which include the major Indian National Congress (Congress), BJP, BJP, CPI, CPI-M Indian Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) etc. Before voting for the candidates, the public evaluates the work done during the last tenure of these parties or their representatives.

Area for improvement

There is a lot of room for improvement in Indian democracy, these steps should be taken to improve it:

  • Poor elimination
  • Promote literacy
  • Encourage people to vote
  • Educating people to choose the right candidate
  • Encourage intelligent and educated people to play leadership role
  • Eradicating communalism
  • To ensure fair and responsible media
  • Monitoring the functioning of elected members
  • Construction of responsible opposition in Lok Sabha and Assembly

Conclusion

Although democracy in India has been appreciated for its work worldwide, there is still a lot of scope for improvement in it. The above steps can be used to ensure democracy functioning in the country.

Essay on democracy in India 4 (500 words)

The democratic nation is a nation where citizens choose their government using their right to elect. Democracy is sometimes called "the rule of majority". Many countries around the world run a democratic government, but India has the distinction of becoming the largest democracy.

History of democracy in India

Many rulers ruled from Mughal to Mauryan on India. Each of them had their own different style of governing people. After independence from British colonial rule in 1947, India became a democratic nation. The people of India who had suffered a lot of atrocities at the hands of the British, got the right to vote for the first time and to choose their government.

Democratic theory of india

Samprabhu

Sovereign refers to an entity which is free from the control of any foreign power. Indian citizens use universal power to choose their ministers.

Socialist

Socialist means giving social and economic equality to all the citizens of India by neglecting caste, color, creed, sex and religion.

Secularism

Secularism means freedom of adherence to any religion with its choice. There is no official religion in our country.

Democratic

Democratic means that the Government of India is elected by its citizens. Without any discrimination, all Indian citizens have been empowered to vote so that they can choose the government of their choice.

The republic

The head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen. He is elected by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, where representatives of themselves have been elected by the people.

Proceedings of democracy in India

Every citizen of India above 18 years of age has the right to vote. The Constitution does not discriminate against anyone on the basis of its race, color, creed, sex, religion or education.

Many parties in India contest elections at the national level, the major ones - the Indian National Congress (Congress), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Communist Party of India (CPI), the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Apart from these there are several regional parties that contest elections for state legislatures. Elections are held from time to time and people use their right to vote to elect their representatives. The government is constantly making constant efforts to use its right to vote for more and more people to choose good governance.

Democracy in India is not only for giving people the right to vote, but to ensure equality in all areas of life.

Barriers to the work of democracy in India

Though the elections are being held at the right time and the concept of democracy in India is followed by a systematic perspective, but there are many obstacles in the smooth functioning of democracy in the country. It includes illiteracy, gender discrimination, poverty, cultural inequality, political influence, casteism and communalism. All these factors adversely affect democracy in India.

Conclusion

Although democracy is being appreciated in India, it still has to travel miles. The need to eliminate such factors as illiteracy, poverty, gender discrimination and communalism affecting the functioning of democracy in India so that citizens can truly enjoy democracy.

 

Essay on democracy in India 5 (600 words)

After independence from the clutches of British rule in 1947, democracy was formed in India. This led to the birth of the world's largest democracy. Due to the effective leadership of the Indian National Congress, the people of India got the right to vote and to choose their government.

At present, there are seven national parties in India which are: Indian National Congress (NCP), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian Communist Party (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI- M), All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Apart from these, many regional parties fight for state assembly elections. Elections in Parliament and state assemblies in India are held every 5 years.

Democratic theory of india

The democratic principles of India are as follows:

Samprabhu

Sovereign means independent - free from the interference or control of any foreign power. The government that runs the country is an elected government by the citizens. Indian citizens have the power to elect their leaders by elections made for Parliament, Local Bodies and State Legislature.

Socialist

Socialist means social and economic equality for all citizens of the country. Democratic socialism means achieving socialist goals through evolutionary, democratic and nonviolent means. The government is constantly making efforts to reduce the concentration of funds and reduce economic inequality.

Secularism

It means that the right to choose religion and freedom In India, anyone has the right to practice any religion or reject them. The Indian government respects all religions and they do not have any official state religion. India's democracy does not insult or promote any religion.

Democratic

This means that the government of the country has been elected democratically by its citizens. The people of the country have the right to choose their government at all levels (union, state and local). The adult franchise of people is known as 'a man a vote'. Voting rights are given on the basis of color, caste, creed, religion, sex or education without any discrimination. Not only the political but the people of India also enjoy social and economic democracy.

The republic

The head of the state is the hereditary king or queen but not an elected person. The formal chief of the state, meaning the President of India, is elected by the electoral college (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) for a period of five years, whereas executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister.

Challenges faced by Indian democracy

The constitution promises a democratic state and people of India are entitled to all rights. There are many factors that affect Indian democracy and have become a challenge for this. Here's a look at these factors:

Illiteracy

People's illiteracy is one of the biggest challenges that have always been coming out since the beginning of Indian democracy. Education enables people to use their right to vote wisely.

Poverty

Generally, people of the poor and backward classes are always tampered with by political parties. Political parties often bribe them to get their votes.

Apart from these, racism, gender discrimination, communalism, religious fundamentalism, political violence and corruption are among other factors which is a challenge for democracy in India.

Conclusion

India's democracy has received praise from all over the world. The right to vote for every citizen of the country has been given without any discrimination on the basis of their caste, color, creed, religion, sex or education. The country's vast cultural, religious and linguistic diversity is a big challenge for its democracy. This difference between people is a cause of serious concern. In order to ensure the smooth functioning of democracy in India, there is a need to curb these divisive tendencies.

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