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Essay on Fundamental Rights

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Fundamental Rights are an integral part of the Indian Constitution. Basic human rights of all citizens are defined as fundamental rights. In Part III of the Constitution, it has been said that these rights are given to them by not discriminating on the grounds of gender, race, religion, creed or place of birth. These are applicable by courts under the precise restrictions. These are guaranteed by the constitution of India as a civil constitution, according to which all citizens can make their living in harmony and peace in the form of Indian citizens.

In the fundamental rights, there are all equal rights in liberal democracies such as equality of law, freedom to hold peaceful meetings, freedom of speech, freedom of expression, freedom to build union, freedom to obey religion and civil rights Right to Constitutional Measures to Protect It is also mentioned in the Indian Penal Code that the violation of these rights is a result of punishment. Every citizen has the right to use these rights for the pleasant progress of his personality. These rights are universally applicable to all citizens. To help you on this topic, we have to provide 'Essay on Fundamental Rights' of different lengths here. You can select any 'Essay on Fundamental Rights' as per your requirement: Here you can find essay on Fundamental Rights in 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 words.

Essay on Fundamental Rights - 1 (200 words)

The fundamental rights (fundamental rights) have been appreciated in the constitution. These days, development of any state is done by the rights given to the residents there. In the Indian constitution, fundamental rights have been given to the public with the condition that unconstitutional confirmation can be made after implementing different laws for these rights.

The process of using the fundamental rights specified in the Constitution has been greatly criticized. Some critics say that in India, the constitution makers have given one hand authority and have withdrawn from the other. A division of the Constitution is devoted to fundamental rights which can benefit Indians during normal life. However these rights can be withdrawn during the Emergency. Apart from other things, rights include the right to freedom of assembly, union, faith, expression etc.

The jurisdiction of those rights which have been declared unlawful is capable of declaring those laws as constitutional. Such action can only occur when a citizen is petitioned in court to review a law or an executive order.


Essay on Fundamental Rights - 2 (300 words)


After the French Revolution and American Freedom Struggle, the need to provide fundamental rights to the citizens was felt. This was when countries around the world thought of giving some necessary rights to their citizens.

Historical Background of Fundamental Rights

In 1789, "The Declaration of Rights of Man" was adopted by the French National Assembly. The United States Constitution included a section on Fundamental Rights. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was made in December 1948. It included social, economic, political and cultural rights of the people.

The suggestion of incorporating religious and cultural rights in the form of basic rights of citizens in India was given in 1928 by the report of the Nehru Committee. However, the Simon Commission did not support this idea of ​​incorporating fundamental rights into the Constitution. In the session organized in Karachi in 1931, the Indian National Congress again asked for a written assurance in fundamental rights (fundamental rights) in constitutional arrangements that would be made in future in India. The demand for fundamental rights was emphasized at the Round Table Conference held in London. Later in the second round table conference, Mahatma Gandhi had demanded protection for the protection of Indian culture, language, script, profession, education and religious practices and the rights of minorities.

After independence in 1947, the Constituent Assembly took an oath for future good governance. It demanded a Constitution which guarantees the action of all people of India - Justice, Social, Economic and Political Equality, Equal Opportunities, Freedom of View, Expression, Trust, Union, Business and Law and Public Ethics. . At the same time, a guarantee of special facilities was also given to minorities, backward classes and scheduled castes.


The right to equality expressed in the Constitution is in the form of a concrete step towards the institution of democracy in the Republic of India. Indian citizens are being assured through these fundamental rights that they can live their life in goodwill till they stay in Indian democracy.

Essay on Fundamental Rights - 3 (400 words)


Fundamental rights included in the Indian Constitution are a way to ensure that people live civilized lives in the country. These rights have some unique features that are not usually found in the constitution of other countries.

Specific Characteristics of Fundamental Rights

Fundamental rights are not absolute, they are subject to reasonable limits. They target stability between an individual's independence and social security, but proper restrictions are subject to legal review. Here's a look at some specific features of these rights:

  • All fundamental rights can be suspended. During the Emergency, the right to freedom is automatically suspended in the interest of the country's security and integrity.
  • Many fundamental rights are for Indian citizens, but the benefit of some fundamental rights can be raised by both citizens and non-citizens of the country.
  • Fundamental rights can be amended but they can not be terminated. The elimination of fundamental rights will violate the fundamental principle of the Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights are both positive and negative. Negative powers prevent the country from doing certain things. This prevents the country from discriminating.
  • Some rights are available against the country. Some rights are available against the people.
  • Fundamental rights are justifiable. If a citizen's fundamental rights are violated, he can go to court.
  • Some basic rights are not available to those working in defense services because they are restricted from some rights.
  • Fundamental Rights are political and social in nature. The citizens of India have not been guaranteed any economic rights, although their rights without them are trivial or inconclusive.
  • Each rights are related to some duties.
  • Fundamental rights have a broad perspective and they protect our social, economic, cultural and religious interests.
  • These are an integral part of the Constitution. It can not be altered or removed from common law.
  • Fundamental rights are an essential part of our constitution.
  • Twenty-four articles are included with these basic rights.
  • Parliament can amend fundamental rights through a special process.
  • The purpose of fundamental right is to restore collective interest with personal interest.


There is no such right that there is no obligation related to it. It is, however, a matter of remembering that the Constitution has expanded the rights on a large scale and the courts of law do not have the jurisdiction to diversify their duties according to their convenience.


Essay on Fundamental Rights - 4 (500 words)


The Constitution of India guarantees its citizens fundamental rights and citizens can have the right to speech and expression, but there are some restrictions and exceptions related to these rights.

Prevention of Fundamental Rights

A citizen can not use full fundamental rights, but with some constitutional restrictions the same citizen can enjoy his rights. The Constitution of India imposes certain rational limits on the use of these rights in order to maintain public order, ethics and health.

The Constitution always protects communal interests along with personal interests. For example, the right to religion is subject to limitations by the state in public order, ethics and health, so that the freedom of religion is not brought into use for crime or anti-social activities.

Similarly, rights by Article 19 do not mean absolute independence. Absolute personal rights can not be assured of any current situation. Therefore our Constitution has given the country the right to enforce appropriate limits because it is necessary for the interest of the community.

Our Constitution attempts to prevent the balance between personal liberty and social control and establish a welfare state where communal interests value personal interests. Speech and freedom of expression also subject to reasonable restrictions for state insult, court contempt, civilization or ethics, security of the state, friendly relations with foreign states, excitement for insults, public order and the integrity of India and maintenance of sovereignty is.

Freedom of assembly is also subject to the appropriate limitations by the state. The meeting should be non-violent and without arms and should be in the public interest. The freedom of the press, which is included in the comprehensive freedom of expression, is also subjected to appropriate limits and the government can ban the freedom of the press to avoid the country's better interest or to avoid the contempt of court, defamation or harassment.

For the Government of India, it is the utmost duty to maintain peace and harmony in a multi-religious, multicultural and multilingual nation. Considering the socio-political conditions present in 1972, this concern can be understood - when the war of independence of Bangladesh was over and the country was still trying to recover from the encroachment by the refugee. During that time there was more resentment in the local and regional parties such as Shivsena and Assam Gana Parish, and the tone and act of religious and cultural organizations like RSS and Jamaat-e-Islami had become violent. Yet it can not be denied that the Government of India has received more feedback about the implementation of the section of the IPC in dealing with these issues.


No freedom can be unconditionally or completely unrestricted. Although it is necessary to maintain and maintain freedom of speech and expression in democracy, it is necessary to restrict this independence to some extent for the maintenance of social behavior. Accordingly, under Article 19 (2), the government can impose practical restrictions on the practice of right to freedom of speech and expression of expression in the interest of public order, sovereignty and protection of India's integrity or contempt of the court.


Essay on Fundamental Rights - 5 (600 words)


There are some basic rights which are famous for being human and fundamental to human expansion. In the absence of these rights, any man's existence will be useless. Thus, when political institutions were formed, their role and responsibilities were mainly focused on people (especially minorities) to live with the rights of equality, respect and religious freedom.

Classification of Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights have been classified into 6 categories. These are:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom
  • Rights against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to Constitutional Measures

Let us now know briefly about these 6 Fundamental Rights:

Right to equality

It includes equality before law, which means that the ban on equal protection of law, public employment, untouchability and the elimination of title on the basis of caste, creed, color or gender. It has been said that all citizens are equal in law and there can be no discrimination against anyone in any way. This right also shows that everyone will have equal access to public places.

In order to provide equal opportunity, in government services, there will be no reservation for widows and physically handicapped persons except Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. This right was mainly made to eliminate untouchability, which had been practiced in India for decades.

Right to freedom

It includes freedom of speech, freedom of speech, freedom of speech and freedom to travel anywhere in India, freedom of living and settling in any part of India and freedom to choose a profession.

It has also been said under this right that any citizen of India has full right to buy, sell and maintain property in any part of the country. People have the freedom to join any business or business. This right also defines that a person can not be held guilty twice for the same crime and can not be forced to stand as a witness against himself.

Rights against exploitation

It includes restrictions against any kind of forced labor. Children under the age of 14 are not allowed to work in mines or factories, where the risk of life is involved. According to this, no person has the right to exploit the other person in any way. Thus, human trafficking and beggar have been made a legal crime and there is a provision to punish those found involved. Similarly, slavery and human trafficking have been declared as crime for women and children for unscrupulous purposes. The minimum payment for wages has been defined and in this regard, no compromise is permitted.

Right to freedom of religion

It has been said that there will be complete freedom of discrimination for all citizens of India. Everyone will have the right to adopt, practice and spread the religion of their choice and the Center and the State Government will not in any way hinder any religious matters of any kind. All religions will have the right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes and will be free to manage their own affairs in relation to these.

Cultural and educational rights

It is one of the most important rights because education is considered to be the primary right of every child. Cultural rights say that every country wants to preserve its cultural heritage. According to this right, all are free to develop a culture of their choice and are free to acquire any kind of education. No person will be denied admission to any educational institution on the basis of his culture, caste or religion. All minorities have the right to establish their own educational institutions.

Right to Constitutional Measures

It has a very special right given to the citizens. According to this right, every citizen has the power to go to court. If any of the above mentioned rights are not followed, then the court is standing as a guard against the violation of these rights. If, in any case, the government is forcefully or deliberately doing injustice to any person or anyone is imprisoned without any reason or illegal work, then the right to take constitutional measures is to get the person to court and get justice against the actions of the government. Allows to


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