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Essay on Peace and Harmony

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Peace and harmony are the basic requirements of any country. The citizens of the country can feel safe only themselves and can only be enriched when the environment is kept peaceful. Though there is a very peaceful environment for all types of people in India, but due to various factors, the peace and harmony of the country is interrupted many times.
Unity is seen in diversity in India. People from different religions, castes and creeds live together in the country. The Constitution of India gives freedom to equality to its citizens and various laws have been enacted to ensure peace and harmony by the government in the country. However, many examples have come up for various reasons, when peace is interrupted in the country. To help you with your exams here, we have made length essays of various words on this subject. Here you can find some essays on Peace and Harmony in English language for students in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, and 400 words.

Essay on peace and harmony (200 words)

Peace and harmony are the basic necessities of any country. A nation gets peace and harmony only if it can prosper. In our Constitution, there is a provision of law to ensure the political and social equality between the citizens so that they can maintain a goodwill among their citizens by avoiding conflict.

Although people of our country live peacefully with each other, due to some political, social, economic and religious factors, peace has always been disturbed. Price rise and unemployment also create unrest among people. Often people come to the streets to protest against these issues, which in turn cause normal work of society to be interrupted.

Terrorism is another factor which hinders people's peaceful life. In the last several years, many terrorist attacks have been carried out on our country, due to which many people have lost their lives. The major attacks in these terrorist attacks include Brahmaputra Mail Train Bombing, 1998 Coimbatore bomb blast in 1998, Mumbai bomb blast in 2003, 2006 Varanasi explosion, 2013 Bangalore blasts and 2015 Gurdaspur assault etc.

Communal riots like Moradabad of 1980, 1984 anti-Sikh riots, 1985 Gujarat and 2013 Muzaffarnagar have destroyed human life on a large scale.

In addition to the government of the country, citizens of the country should also work together to maintain peace and harmony.

Essay on peace and harmony (300 words)

Peace and harmony are the basis of the creation of any society. If there is peace and harmony in the country then development can be everywhere. The country's government strives hard to ensure peace and harmony in the country, but due to vested interests, it is often interrupted. Here is a look at all the reasons and an example has been given when peace was dissolved in the country.

Factors affecting peace and harmony: -

  • Terrorist attacks have been one of the main reasons for the disintegration of peace and harmony in the country.
  • Peace and harmony in the country is often disrupted in the name of religion. Some religious groups try to defame other religions, causing dissatisfaction in society.
  • Political parties often incite people against other parties to fulfill their own selfish interests, which inhibit peace in the state.
  • Reservation system has created a lot of unrest among people of general category. Some communities have protested from time to time demanding reservation for their people also.

Similarly, issues of inflation, unemployment and inter-state issues have also created turmoil in society from time to time.

Examples of dissolution of peace and harmony

There are many instances when the country's peace and harmony worsened. Some of these are as follows:

  • Ramnad Danga in 1957
  • 1967 Ranchi-Hatia riots
  • Murders in Haryana in 1987
  • Hyderabad riots of 1990
  • 1993 bomb blast
  • Terrorist attack on Red Fort in 2000
  • 2001 Indian Parliament attack
  • 2002 Gujarat Riots
  • 2006 Vadodara riots
  • 2007 Delhi bombings
  • 2008 Jaipur bombing
  • 2008 Gujjar movement
  • 2012 Pune bombings
  • 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots
  • 2013 Bodhgaya bomb blast
  • 2016 Jat reservation movement


It is difficult to maintain peace and harmony in the country, unless each of us becomes sensitive about our needs and does not contribute to it. The government alone can not ensure the spirit of brotherhood and friendship in society.


Essay on peace and harmony (400 words)

Peace and harmony are very important for any society to work smoothly. In order to provide a safe environment for its citizens, the Government of India takes steps to maintain peace in the country. However often peace and harm are impaired due to various social, political and economic factors. Here are a look at these factors and examples are given when peace and harmony in the country have been interrupted.

Factors Affecting Peace and Harmony

Political issues

In an effort to fulfill their selfish interests, political parties generally incite people to create a climate of turmoil and disturbances in the country.


Terrorist attacks have always disrupted peace and harmony in the country. Such attacks cause great fears among people.


Some religious groups try to influence people of other religions and force them to follow their religion or to condemn other religions. This has caused communal violence many times. Apart from these, inter-state issues, reservation system, price rise, poverty and unemployment have also disrupted peace and harmony in the country.

Examples of dissolution of peace and harmony

1967 : Ranchi Hatia riots

These communal riots took place in Ranchi and its surroundings in August 1967. They continue for almost a week. During this, 184 people were killed.

1969: Gujarat Riots

After the partition of India, the most deadly Hindu-Muslim riots were the riots of Gujarat. These took place during September-October 1969.

Worli riots

These riots took place on the issue of reservation between Shiv Sena and members of Dalit Panther in Mumbai. In 1974 Dalit Panther leader Bhagwat Jadhav was killed.

Moradabad riots

These riots during August 1980 were partly a Hindu-Muslim and partly the struggle between the Muslim-police. The riots began when the Muslims threw stones at the police because the police refused to remove the pig from the local Idgah. The violent incidents continued until November 1980.

1993 : Bombay bomb blasts

There was a series of 12 bomb blasts in Bombay on March 12, 1993. One of the most devastating bomb blasts in India, Bombay Bomb Blast was executed in 1992 in response to the Babri Masjid demolition.

Church bombings in 2000

This bomb blast was a serial bomb blast in the states of Goa, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The bomb blast was carried out by the Islamist extremist group, Gandhara Anjuman in 2000.


It is necessary for every citizen of India to understand the importance of peace and harmony in the country. We all should work to maintain peace.

Essay on peace and harmony (500 words)

India is known for its democratic system and secularism, which gives political and religious equality to all its citizens to ensure peace and harmony in the country. However there are many factors that break peace in the country. Here we have explained how the Constitution holds people of different backgrounds together and what are the reasons which inhibit the peace and harmony of the country.

Secularism promotes peace and harmony

India is a secular country. The Constitution of India gives every citizen the right to obey his religion. There is no official religion in the country. All religions are respected equally. Respect for all religions is a way of promoting peace and harmony in the country. People of different religions love each other and celebrate all festivals with equal enthusiasm. People work together in schools, places of work and various other places.

The following factors influence peace and harmony:

Citizens of India live in harmony with each other on a large scale. Although it has been seen many times when peace is interrupted for various reasons. Some of these reasons are described below:


Terrorist attacks have created panic in the society. Terror is spreading through these attacks, which have come to affect the peace and harmony in the country. There are many instances of terrorist attacks in India.


Although there is no official religion in India and its citizens have the freedom to choose or change their religion according to their wishes, but there are some religious groups who promote their religion and promote their level so that they can get other people's Humiliate religion. This often leads to fear of communal violence.

Political handcuffs

There is often lack of principles in political parties. One party tries to defame another in an effort to come to power. People who create unnecessary unrest in the state are associated with a particular religion.

Reservation system

In an effort to ensure social and economic equality for the people of the lower classes, the system started the reservation system, this system was largely opposed and many people related to other castes also came forward to seek reservation for their community. . This has caused unrest and hindrance many times.

Mutual issues of states

Political parties such as Shiv Sena have shown intolerance to allow the people of other states to work in Maharashtra. Such issues among the states also lead to disintegration of peace.


The rise in the price of commodities, especially those which are essential for daily use, is another cause of unrest in society. people often

Essay on peace and harmony (600 words)

People of different religions and castes live in different parts of India. Although these people live in harmony with each other on a large scale, due to many reasons, often the country's peace and harmony are interrupted. Here is how the harmony between the diversity is maintained and the reasons which affect peace

Factors Affecting Peace and Commitment

While the Indian government is taking every possible step to maintain peace and harmony in the country, there are several factors that affect it. Here's a detailed look at them:


The constitution of India does not officially obey any religion and allows its citizens to choose or change their religion at any time. However, there are some religious groups that spread their religion to the extent that brings unrest in the peace and harmony of the country.

Caste System

In India, it is common for a person to discriminate on the basis of race and religion, although the constitution gives everyone the right to equality. This discrimination sometimes distorts social equilibrium, which inhibit peace.

Reservation system

Reservation system was started in the country with the aim of increasing the standard of living of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, but the people of other castes such as Gujjar and Jat community have also started demanding reservation, which has worsened the peace system.

Mutual issues of states

Many regional parties do not encourage the people of other states to settle in their area. This often produces a lot of tension between the members of Shiv Sena and the people of other states of Maharashtra.

Unemployment and poverty

Lack of education and lack of good employment opportunities leads to unemployment, which ultimately increases poverty and enhances the rate of crime in the country.

Political threat

Sometimes the opposition provokes the public against the party present in power to fulfill their own selfish motives, which is ultimately the main factor of unrest and disturbances.


Price hike is another problem that can disrupt the smooth operation of a society. There have been many instances when people have come forward to revolt against the increase in unfair prices, which has disrupted peace.


India has faced terrorist attacks many times, which have created fear among the citizens. The difficulties created due to such attacks obstruct the normal functioning of the society.

Examples of dissolution of peace and harmony

There are many instances when peace and harmony of the country was compromised with different groups and communities. Some similar examples are shared below:

The Gujarat Riots of 1969

Gujarat State of India witnessed communal violence between Hindus and Muslims between September and October 1969. This was the first major riot in the state, which involved mass killings and robbery.

Sikh riots of 1984

Violent riot attacked the Sikhs in the country. This was done by the Sikh bodyguards as an answer to the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

2008 : Mumbai

Some members of the Islamic terrorist organization Lashkar-e-Taiba have entered Mumbai and have fired and fired and bomb blasts for four days.

Jat reservation movement

In February 2016 many protests were conducted by the Jat people in Haryana. He demanded to include his caste in the category of Other Backward Classes. It interrupted the normal work of the state and even today the movement is not completely finished.


Although the Constitution of India gives equal rights to all its citizens to ensure complete harmony between them, but due to many social, political and economic reasons, peace has dissolved. The government alone can not be held accountable for maintaining peace and harmony in the country. It is necessary for each of us to take the responsibility of nurturing brotherly feelings with our citizenship.

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