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Essay on Unemployment

Feed by sandy Cat- Essay

Unemployment is one of the major obstacles in the development of any country, unemployment in India is a serious issue. Lack of education, lack of job opportunities and functioning problems are some of the factors that cause unemployment. To end this problem, the Government of India needs to take effective steps. One of the main problems facing emerging countries is unemployment; It only has negative impact on the individual and the entire society, not only is one of the main obstacles in the economic development of the country. There are some essays of various lengths on the issue of unemployment in our country. Here you can find some essay on unemployment in English language for students in 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 words.

Essay on unemployment 1 (200 words)

Those who want to work and are looking for a job honestly, but for some reason they are not getting a job they are called unemployed. It does not include those voluntary unemployed and are unable to work due to some physical or mental health problems.

There are several factors that cause unemployment problems in the country. It's main in:

  • Soft industrial development
  • Rapid growth in population
  • Staying focused on theoretical education
  • Decline in cottage industry
  • Lack of alternative employment opportunities for agricultural laborers
  • Non technical advancement

Unemployment affects not only individuals, but also affects the rate of development of the country. It has a negative impact on the social and economic development of the country. Here are some of the results of unemployment:

  • Crime rate increase
  • Bad standard of living
  • Loss of skills and skills
  • Political instability
  • Mental health issues
  • Slow economic development

Surprisingly, despite negative consequences in society, unemployment is one of India's most overlooked problems. The government has taken some steps to control the problem; Although these steps are not very effective, the government is not sufficient to launch programs to control this problem, but it is also important to focus on their effectiveness and, if necessary, take steps to modify them as well.

Essay 2 on unemployment (300 words)

Unemployment is a curse for society, it not only affects people, but unemployment affects the entire society. There are several factors that cause unemployment, these factors were explained in detail in a detailed and detailed solution to control this problem.

Factors That Increase Unemployment In India

Population growth

One of the main reasons for the fast growing unemployment in the country's population.

Soft economic development

As a result of slow economic development of the country, people get less employment opportunities, which leads to unemployment.

Seasonal occupation

A large part of the country's population is associated with agriculture. Due to seasonal business, it only provides work opportunities for a certain time of the year.

Slow growth of industrial sector

The development of the industrial sector in the country is very slow, thus, there are limited employment opportunities in this field.

Decline in cottage industry

In the cottage industry, there has been a considerable decline in production and due to this many artisans have become unemployed.

Possible solutions to eliminate unemployment

Population control

This is the right time when the Indian government takes drastic steps to control the country's population.

Education system

Education system in India focuses on theoretical aspects rather than skill development. To generate skilled labor force, the system needs to be improved.


In order to create more employment opportunities for the people, the government should take steps to promote the industrial sector.

Foreign Companion

In order to create more opportunities for employment, the government should encourage foreign companies to open their units in the country.

Employment opportunities

Employment opportunities in rural areas should be made for those who are unemployed for the remaining time in a given time.


The problem of unemployment in the country has been going on for a long time. Although the government has started several programs for employment generation, the desirable progress has not been achieved. Policy makers and citizens should make collective efforts to acquire more employment as well as to acquire the right skills for employment.

Essay on unemployment 3 (400 words)

Unemployment in India can be divided into many categories, including unemployment, open unemployment, educated unemployment, cyclical unemployment, seasonal unemployment, technical unemployment, structural unemployment, long term unemployment, friction unemployment and casual unemployment. Before reading in detail about all these types of unemployed, we have to understand who is actually called unemployed? Basically unemployed is someone who is ready to work and is looking for an employment opportunity but is unable to get employment. Those who are voluntarily unemployed or unable to work due to some physical or mental health problems are not counted as unemployed.

Here's a detailed look at the different types of unemployment:

Hidden unemployment

When more than a few people are given jobs in one place, then it is called disguised unemployment. Removing these people does not affect productivity.

Seasonal unemployment

As is evident from the word itself, it is a type of unemployment in which only work is done in some time of the year. Mainly, industries affected by seasonal unemployment include agricultural industries, resorts and ice factories etc.

Open unemployment

Open unemployment implies that when a large number of laborers are unable to get jobs, they can provide regular income. This problem occurs because the labor force increases at a much higher rate than the economy's growth rate.

Technical unemployment

Unemployment has also increased due to the lack of human labor due to the use of technical equipment.

Structural unemployment

This type of unemployment is due to a major change in the economic structure of the country. This is the result of technological advancement and economic development.

Cyclical unemployment

Decreasing the overall level of business activities leads to cyclical unemployment. However this event is only for a short time.

Educated unemployment

There are some reasons, such as inability to find suitable jobs, lack of employable skills and defective education system, which educated unemployed.

Contract unemployment

In such unemployment, people either work on a part-time basis or do such things for which they are more qualified.

Frictional unemployment

This occurs when demand for labor force and its supply is not properly coordinated.

Long term unemployment

Long-term unemployment is what is going on in the country due to rapid growth in population and low level of economic development.

Casual unemployment

Such unemployment occurs due to a sudden drop in demand, short term contract or lack of raw materials.


Although the government has started several programs to control every kind of unemployment, the results have not yet been found satisfactory. The government needs to create more effective strategies for generating employment.

Essay 4 on unemployment (500 words)

Unemployment is a serious problem. Many factors, including lack of education, lack of employment opportunities, lack of skill, performance issues and increasing population, contribute to this problem in India. Along with personality influences, the negative consequences of this problem can be seen on the entire society as well. The government has taken several steps to control this problem. Some of these are mentioned in detail in detail.

Government initiatives to reduce unemployment

Training for self employment

The program, which was started in 1979, was named National Scheme of Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM). Its aim is to reduce unemployment amongst the youth in rural areas.

Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP)

In the year 1978-79, the Government of India started Integrated Rural Development Program to ensure full employment opportunities in the rural areas. 312 crores was spent on this program and 182 lakhs of households benefited from this.

Employment in foreign countries

Government helps people to get employment in foreign companies. Special Agencies have been established to hire people in other countries.

Small and cottage industries

In an effort to reduce the issue of unemployment, the government has also developed small and cottage industries. Many people are earning their livelihood with this initiative.

Golden jayanti employment scheme

The purpose of this program is to provide self-employment and wages-employment opportunities for the urban population. It includes two schemes:

  • Urban self employment program
  • Urban wage employment program

Employment assurance scheme

This program was started in 1752 backward classes in the country in 1994. The poor unemployed people living in rural areas were provided unskilled manual work for 100 days under this scheme.

Drought prone area program (DPAP)

This program was started in 13 states and covered 70 dry-prone districts with the aim of removing seasonal unemployment. The government spent Rs 474 crore in its seventh plan.

Jawahar Rozgar Yojana

The purpose of this program, launched in April 1989, was to provide employment for at least one member to fifty-one hundred days for one year in every poor rural family. Employment opportunities are provided in the vicinity of the person and 30% of these opportunities are reserved for women.

Nehru Employment Scheme (NRY)

There are three total plans under this program. Under the first scheme, subsidies are given to the urban poor to establish micro enterprises. Under the second plan, there is a wage-employment arrangement for the laborers in cities having less than one million people. Under the third plan, urban poor are given employment opportunities in the cities matching their skills.

Employment guarantee scheme

The unemployed people are provided financial assistance under this scheme. It has been started in several states including Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan etc.

Apart from this, many other programs have been started by the government to reduce unemployment.


Although the government is doing a number of measures to control the problem of unemployment in the country, there is still a need to do a lot to prevent this problem from happening.

Essay on unemployment 5 (600 words)

Unemployment is a serious issue. There are several factors that are responsible for this. Some of them include lack of proper education, lack of good skills and talent, inability to perform, lack of good job opportunities and rapidly growing population. Further, a look at the unemployment stability, the consequences of unemployment and the measures taken by the government to control it.

Unemployment related figures in India

The Ministry of Labor and Employment in India keeps records of unemployment in the country. Statistics of unemployment are calculated on the basis of the number of people whose data has been of no work during the 365 days before the date of matching and still are demanding employment.

From the year 1983 to 2013, the unemployment rate in India was 9.40%, with an average 7.32% and this was 4.90% in 2013. In 2015-16, the rate of unemployment was 8.7% for women and 4.3% for men.

Results of unemployment

There are serious socio-economic issues due to unemployment. This not only affects one person but the entire society. Below are some key results of unemployment explained:

Increase in poverty

It is absolutely true that the increase in the rate of poverty has increased in the country due to the increase in unemployment rate. Unemployment is largely responsible for obstructing the economic development of the country.

Crime rate increase

Unable to find a suitable job, the unemployed usually takes the path of crime because it is an easy way to make money. One of the main reasons for the rapidly rising cases of theft, robbery and other fierce crimes is unemployment.

Exploitation of labor

Employees generally take advantage of the lack of jobs in the market by offering low salaries. People unable to find a job related to their skills are usually organized for low-paid jobs. Employees are also forced to work every day for fixed number of hours.

Political instability

There is a lack of confidence in the government as a result of lack of employment opportunities and this situation often leads to political instability.

Mental health

The level of dissatisfaction increases among unemployed people, which gradually begins to change into anxiety, depression and other mental health problems.

Loss of skill

Living out of the job for a long time leads to loss of life and skill. This reduces the confidence of a person to a great extent.

Government initiatives to reduce unemployment

Government of India has started a number of programs to reduce the problem of unemployment as well as to help unemployed people in the country. Some of them include Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Drought Prone Area Program (DPAP), Self-Employment Training, Nehru Employment Scheme (NRY), Employment Assurance Plan, Prime Minister's Integrated Urban Poverty Alleviation Program (PMIUPEP), employment offices, jobs in foreign countries, small and cottage industries, employment guarantee scheme and development of Jawahar village prosperity scheme etc. Not.

In addition to providing employment opportunities through these programs, the Government is also sensitizing the importance of education and providing skill training to the unemployed people.


Unemployment is the root cause of various problems in society. Though the government has taken initiative to reduce the problem, the measures taken are not effective enough. Due to this problem, various factors should be studied well to see effective and integrated solutions. It is time that the government should recognize the sensitivity of the matter and take some serious steps to reduce it.

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