Organ donation has proven to be a miracle for society. For the purpose of transplantation, organ donation such as kidney, heart, eyes, liver, small intestine, bone tissue, skin tissues and nerves are donating. The organ donor gives a new life to the organ recipient through this great work. Organ donation process is encouraged throughout the world, to encourage organ donation, different countries have established different systems. However, the demand for organs is still much higher than their supply. Effective steps should be taken to meet this growing demand. There are many long years to help you donate organ donation in your exam. Here you can find some essay on the organ donation in English language for students in 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 words here.
Essay on angle 1 (200 words)
Organ donation is done by both living and deceased donors, living donor can donate two kidneys, one of both lungs or both lungs, one of the two parts of your liver, a part of the intestines or a part of the pancreas. While a deceased donor can donate liver, kidney, lungs, intestines, pancreas, corneal tissue, skin tissue, tendon and heart valves.
Organ donation is processed differently in each country. This process is broadly classified into two categories - opt in and opt out. Under an opt-in system, a person should be registered for the donation of their organs, whereas in an opt-out system, each person can donate to the organ after his death, if he chooses such a process
There is a huge demand for organs in today's time. It is sad that many people in various parts of the world are waiting for organ transplantation. The government of various countries is taking steps to increase the supply of organs and in some parts the number of donors has increased. However, the need for the demands of organs has increased at very fast speed.
After death, we should come forward to register each organ for organ donation. "It can not be anything more than mutual love for an oval."
Essay on angle 2 (300 words)
Organ donation occurs when a person's body part is removed with his consent if he is alive by his order and if he is killed with the intention of research or implant with the permission of his family members. Limb recipients, kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, bones, bone marrow, cornea, intestines and skin are implanted in order to give new life.
Organ donation process
Living organ donor
Complete medical examination is necessary before donating organ to living donors. In this, the psychological assessment of the donor includes ensuring that he understands the consequences of the donation and actually wants to agree to it.
In the case of deceased donors, it has been previously verified whether the donor is dead or not. The verb is usually verified several times by the neurologist, then it is determined that any donation from its organs can be done.
After death the body is placed on the mechanical ventilator to ensure that the organs live in good condition. Most organ work out of the body for a few hours and thus ensures that they reach the recipient immediately after expulsion from the body.
The difference between demand and supply
Demand for body parts is much higher than the number of donors worldwide. Every year many patients die waiting for donors to die. Figures show that the average annual demand of kidneys in India is 2 lakhs, whereas only 6 thousand kidneys are received. Similarly, the average annual demand of the heart is 50 thousand, while only 15 are available.
In order to increase the number of donors, people need to generate sensitivity to organ donation. On this side, the government has taken some steps like spreading awareness through TV and internet, although there is still a long way to end the gap between demand and supply.
Organ donation can save the life of a person. Its importance should not be ignored. An appropriate system should be encouraged to donate the organ.
Essay on angle 3 (400 words)
Organ donation is the process of allowing one or the other person to remove the limbs or tissues from surgery or to use it for research purpose. If he is alive then the donor's consent is taken to donate and if his death dies, then his family members are agreed. Organ donation is encouraged around the world.
The use of kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, bones, bone marrow, skin, pancreas, cornea, intestines and skin is usually used to provide a new life to the transplant. Organ donation is done after the death of most donor donors. Although parts of the body and tissues like kidneys, lungs, liver, intestines or pancreas can be donated even if the survivor is alive.
Organ donation consent process
While donating organ, two types of consent are agreed upon, which have a clear consent and an approximate agreement.
Explanation: Under this, the donor provides a direct consensus through registration on the basis of the country and fulfills the other necessary formalities.
Estimated Consent: It does not include direct consent from the organ donor or family. As the name suggests, it is believed that if donation is allowed, donations from the potential donor will be allowed.
About twenty-five percent of the potential donors refuse to donate their loved ones to their organs.
Organ donation in india
Legal by law
According to Indian law, the donation of organs is legal. According to the Act of Human Organs (THOA), enacted by the Government of India, 1994 allows transplantation, organ donation and gives a valid agreement to the concept of death of the brain.
Documentation and formalities
The organ donor must fill out a prescribed form. It can be taken from the hospital or other medical facility for organ donation or can be downloaded from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India's website.
In the case of the deceased donor, a written consent from a valid guardian is required in the prescribed application form.
As is the case with the rest of the world, demand of organs in India is significantly higher than their supply. There is a great lack of donation in the country. Many patients are in waiting list to get the organ and many of them have died while waiting for organ transplantation.
Government of India is trying to spread awareness about organ transplantation so that it can be encouraged. However, there is a need to take effective steps to increase the number of organ donors.
Essay on Angle 4 (500 words)
Organ donation refers to the process of giving limbs or tissues to any living recipient, which requires transplantation. Organ donation is mostly done after death. However, some organs can also be donated by the living person.
Most organ that are used for the purpose of transplantation include kidneys, liver, heart, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones and bone marrow. Each country obeys its process for organ donation. Here is a detailed description of the process that how various countries encouraged organ donation and followed the procedure.
Organ donation process - opt-in and opt-out
Where some countries opted for these organ donation process, there is an opt-out process in other places. Here is a look at the difference between these two processes of organ donation:
Opt-in system: In the opt-in system, people need to sign while surviving to donate their organs after their death.
Opt out system: Organ donation is automatically done under this system unless a person specifically requests to opt out before the death.
Organ donation in different countries
When it comes to organ donation in India, the opt-in system is followed. Whenever an organ wants to donate, it will have to fill a prescribed form available on the website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
In order to control organ procurement of organs and promote organ donation after brain death, Indian government introduced the law of transplantation of human organs in the year 1994. This brought significant changes in the context of organ donation in the country.
Organ donation is the highest in the whole world in Spain. Spain follows the opt-out system for organ donation.
United States of america
The need for organs in the United States is increasing rapidly. Although the number of organ donors has increased but the number of patients waiting for the limbs has also increased at a very high rate. Organ donations in the United States are done only with the consent of the donor or their family, but here many organizations are pushing for opt-out organ donation.
Organ donation is voluntary in the United Kingdom. The person who wants to donate their organs after death needs to register them.
Iran is a country capable of recovering from the deficiency of the implant organs. In Iran, there is a legal payment system for organ donation and it is the only country which has validated the organ business.
Compared to other western countries, organ donation is very low in Japan. This is mainly due to cultural reasons, distrust in Western medicine and a controversial organ transplant in 1968.
The 'law 1805' passed in Columbia in August 2016 introduced an opt-out policy for organ donation.
Chile made 'Law 20,413' for an opt-out policy in which all citizens aged over 18 years would donate if they did not specifically reject it before the death.
Most of the countries around the world are suffering from low organ donor rate. This issue should be taken more seriously. To increase the rate of organ donation, the law should be encouraged in the same way.
Essay on angle 5 (600 words)
Organ donation refers to the removal of organs of a living or dead donor by surgery and setting them in the recipient's body and providing a new life. Organ donation has been encouraged throughout the world. However, the demand for human organs is still higher than the supply. For various reasons the organ donation around the world can be attributed to low rates. These reasons have been discussed in detail in detail.
Moral status of the organ donation black market is controversial. Where some talk in favor of it, others are totally against this thinking. It is seen that people who donate their organs are usually from the weaker sections of the society. Their financial condition is very bad and those who can buy organ, have good assets. Thus an imbalance in this trade is seen.
It has been seen that those who can buy organs are taking advantage of those who want to sell their organs. This is one of the reasons for the growing disparity between the rich and the poor. On the other hand, it is argued that those who want to sell their organs should be allowed to do so that they can sell it because it can strengthen their economic status. People who are in favor of organ trade also argue that exploitation is better than death and therefore organ trade should be valid. However, according to a survey, donors donating organ in front of life expressed regret over the decision to donate their organs.
Many cases of limb burglar have also been reported, while in support of the legality of the organ market, those people say that this is due to the nature of the black market of the business, but others believe that by making legal donations to organ donation such crimes Will be promoted because the offender can easily say that the organ that is being sold is not a theft.
The moral duty of a person is that almost all the societies of the world believe that giving donations to the organs is voluntarily morally acceptable. Many scholars believe that after death everyone should donate their organs.
The main issue from the point of view of the Diotological Morality is debate on the definitions of life, death, body and human. It has been argued that organ donation is an act of causing self-harm. The use of cloning of organs similar to genotype of limb recipient is another controversial topic.
Zenotransplantation, which is the transfer of animal organs in the human body, has also created a stir. Although this resulted in an increase in the supply of organs, it still suffered a lot of criticism. Some animal rights groups have opposed animal sacrifices for organ donation. Campaigns have been started to ban this new area of transplantation.
Different religious groups have different ideas regarding donation of organs. Hinduism does not prevent people from donating organs to people. Supporters of Hindu religion say that organ donation is a personal choice. People who believe in Buddhism follow this same idea.
Catholics consider it as an act of love and charity. According to him, it is morally acceptable. Christian Church, Islam, United Methodist and Judaism encouraged organ donation. Although gypsy opposes it because they believe in life. Shinos are also against it because they believe that it is a heinous crime to remove limbs from the dead body.
Apart from this, if the government provides appropriate support, then the political system of a country can also change the problem of organ donation. This can increase the rate of organ donation. There should be a strong political desire to ensure an increase in the transplant rate. Special training, care, facilities and adequate funds should be provided to ensure increase.
Due to various issues discussed above, demand for organs is always higher than their supply. To increase the number of organ donors, there is a need to focus on these issues and work on them.