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It is not surprising that there should be so much confusion and conflict on language issues. It is believed that this is a problem with a unique solution. One group argues that the English language attributes its position to British imperialism and that it is incompatible with national self-respect to continue its use to leave our beautiful regional languages. A second group material, which is the evil of British imperialism, English has helped Indian nationalism achieve independence; That it has been a vehicle of higher education, technology and scientific research and it has been an invaluable link to India's unity, and as a result of any attempt to discard it, our educational system will be broken and the country will have all aspects of two modern lives In the centuries a third group is assured that all regional languages of India are well developed and worthy of literature, they Not to be equal conditions for all.
Today there is a lot of confusing thinking in India on the problem of finding universally acceptable link language in the country. Debate on 'Ad infinitum' in the theme anger in all available forums such as Parliament, Press, Platform etc.; But none of the many points leading up to every day is receiving approval. This is primarily because most of the thoughts on this subject have been heavily accused of feelings and the issues involved have been covered by clouds of import of prejudices, which can be searched for additional national loyalty.
What does a 'link language' mean? This word is comparatively recent coin. In the earlier years of independence, the same meaning was to be expressed through the 'National Language'. But there was a change in meaning in the expression, the Constitution makers of independent India provided the status of 'national language' in the country and on the use of fourteen regional languages (now 15) in Sanskrit. In the Constitution, the closest word to express this idea was 'official language' in the last two or three years, even this word has been replaced with another, such as 'link language'. Changes are important. This is the symptom of popular thinking on the subject.
People were ready to accept their regional languages as 'official' languages in their states. But when it was accepting 10 other Indian languages for inter-stell and state-of-the-art communication, they were not ready to present any other Indian language shelter. In that context, the expression 'official language' was used to snack 'official' words for attachment and they were not ready to break any attachment. That's why 'official' had to find a place in 'link' which was found more according to the sentiment of time.
In which context the problem is to be considered, it has changed from the original since the year 1950 when the founding father had set an official policy in this matter. At that time, the problem was not so disorganized. The leaders of the National Movement almost supported the choice of Hindi as the official language of India with almost unanimous support. However, they were not unaware of the difficulties involved in sudden change. Therefore, he made provision that after 15 years of commencement of the Constitution, English should continue to use for all official purposes, i.e. 1965 Even then, if necessary, Parliament was given the option to extend the term.
All these precautions were designed to crush the shock of change by making it a gradual process. Nevertheless, within a few years, the proposed change became the subject of nationwide debate, which sometimes considered the proportion of law and order problem Primarily, this was a direct result of the retrospective business with the incompatible pre-occupation of the ruling party. This led to the reorganization of states on the basis of language (in 1956) (and the process has continued since then). The move, though, was taken with the object to create such situations in which regional languages can grow and come up on their own, encourages separatism, and the powers of dissolution are strengthened. It gave rise to a kind of linguistic patriotism which has given priority to nationalism in the love of a large number of people.
The decision of the Constitution makers was a sound that should be replaced with English along with Hindi over time. It is understood by the largest number of Indians (40%), there was no doubt in Hindi the best position to serve as the elephant female of all other national languages and to change English as India's official language. , But in the political power of the new ruling party, the consciousness of language, along with the aggressive approach of some Hindi supporters, The emphasis was on language, and fear due to loss in central services made a largely unacceptable decision for those people, mother tongue was not Hindi. The leaders of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagara called it "a conspiracy to bring the people of the South Square to the status of the citizens of another class".
As the representatives of the 'non-Hindi speaking people' officially fixed deadline for the replacement of English, they were bowed their energy to ensure that it did not happen. He further suggested that the language section should be suspended in the constitution and by the time the English should be retained as the official language of English. It was to overcome their fear that late Pt Jawaharlal Nehru said in a debate in a debate in the Lok Sabha on August 7, 1959 that English would be retained as an alternative official language unless Hindi knew it. Accordingly, the official language bill passed by the Lok Sabha in April, 1963 stated that "English can be continued after 26th January, 1965 except for Hindi for all official purposes of the Union." However, the solution did not satisfy people belonging to those areas where the language used was not Hindi. They are Pt. Wanted the assurance given by Nehru will be included in the law.
In his lifetime, Pt. Nehru had opposed the suggestion for excellent reason that such a step would give only one part of the members the right to decide and to limit the powers of Parliament. In spite of this, violent movement and otherwise the demand was forwarded through every available means. After all, the government had to give it. To give assurances to non-Hindi speakers of Jawaharlal Nehru, a draft of a bill which will continue in English, will be sent to India's official official language to the Chief Minister of India indefinitely. It was introduced in the Parliament session of the Parliament of 1967, but before the session ended, comments of some Chief Ministers were not received.
From all these, what have we achieved? Have we moved forward or backward in this matter? After long struggle, what the opponents of Hindi have achieved and many sacrifices can be described as a negative benefit. They can recommend better options for Hindi in all the national languages of India. They are infiltrating back into English.
This is how it has come to investigate. At least three main factors are responsible for things like this. To bring this situation, the most responsible country has been official in action in preparing for the country's change. The government has failed to take advantage of long term to create the necessary environment for the purpose. Its forte was inactive, and there was no action to support this group or fear of people speaking in Hindi, due to the dominance of Hindi-speaking people, the sole link in Hindi is not entirely in the situation of language Were unsubstantiated
The second factor which contributes to the making, the pressure we are facing is the hero of Hindi. He proved to be the worst enemy of the language, for which he demanded acceptance as an official language. Rather than accepting it in all humility, he got angry over the role assigned to Hindi and showed an attitude of arrogant superiority which could not provoke an adverse reaction. The third factor that was added to the confusion was shocking to emerge on regional and communal rivals. The language issue was easy for them and they used it to wipe out popular movements, from which they formed political capital.
The cross-sections of all these streams and emotions and objectives naturally served to cloud the real issues, which was simply said; (i) Fear of dominance by a linguistic group on another language; And (ii) potential impact on the share of each sector in central services For the lack of positive attitude of problems, whatever is being done to solve these issues, for example, retention of English for an indefinite period; Proposed introduction of regional languages as media for UPSC Examinations and, recently, adopting adoption as a media of instruction for higher education, is bound to have a distorted effect on our political life and weakens the already brittle spirit of our country.
It is essential for the unity of India that graduates of all Indian universities and technical institutes should create an intellectual pool. However, in leech state universities, the medium of education can be regional language to keep the regional language in English as a necessary link language at a higher level and it is expected that Hindi will also have another information in some time in the future. Such a language can blossom, that a visionary Indian patriot can hope.
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