Nepal, officially the Nepal Democratic Republic of the country, is a port country of 26.4 million population of South Asia. This is a multi-ethnic country, whose official national language is Nepali. Nepal's capital is Kathmandu and it is also the largest city in Nepal. Modern Nepal is the absolute parliamentary republic.
The borders of China in the north of Nepal and the border of India in south, east and west. Because of the low Indian corridors and the Indian state of Sikkim, there is neither the border of Bangladesh nor the Bhutan of Nepal. Nepal is inhabited in the Himalayas and is home to the world's 10 highest mountains, including Mount Everest. Its southern Madhesh part is fertile and moist. Located in 147181 sq. Km, this country is the world's 93th largest country by area and according to the population it is the 41st largest country in the world.
Nepal has a variety of ancient Sanskrutic heritage. The word Nepal has been taken from the Vedic period only. Nepal was the last Hindu empire. Buddha's founder Siddhartha Gautam was born in Lumbini of southern Nepal also. The main minorities of the country include Tibetan Buddhists, Muslims, Kiratans and Christian people. Nepali people are also known by the name of Gurkha. In World War I and World War II, they are known for their bravery.
It was founded in the 18th century, the ancient kingdom of Nepal was led by the Shah Empire. Nepal is one of the Asian countries that have never been colonized. After the Anglo-Nepalese War and the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816, Nepal became a friend of the British Empire. In 1995, when Raja Mahendra had enacted the Panchayat system, multi-party democracy was developed in Nepal. In 1990, the Parliamentary Government was restored by King Birendra. For almost a decade Nepal had faced communist Maoist insurgency, which led to the end of monarchy in 2008. Nepal's second legislative assembly had promulgated a new constitution in 2015. At present, Nepal's main political party is Communist, Social Democrats and Hindu nationalist.
The Nepal government has also worked to create a framework for representation of democracy in seven federal provinces. Nepal is a single developing country, Nepal's place in the Human Development Index 2014 is at 145th position. Nepal had to struggle hard to convert from the empire to the Republic. In spite of these challenges, Nepal has made commendable development and the government has also claimed to be able to bring Nepal out of the less developed countries by 2022 in the developed countries.
Nepal has good friendship with India and the United Kingdom. It is also the founder member of the SAARC. It is also a member of the United Nations and BIMSTEC. Nepal is also counted in important countries of the world.
Some Important Days in Nepal's History - Important Dates in Nepal History
- 1768 - Gurkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Singh built Kathmandu and laid the foundation of the United States.
- 1814-16 - The Anglo-Nepalese War, all treaties were abolished, resulting in the establishment of boundaries in Nepal.
- 1950 - Alliance with the King came to India with anti-RAN forces.
- 1951 - Rana rule ends And the sovereignty of the crown was restored
- 1960 - King Mahendra seized control and parliament, constitution and party politics were suspended.
- 1991 - Nepali Congress Party won the first democratic election.
- 1995-2006 - Hundreds of people were killed after the Maoist rebellion.
- 2008 - Nepal becomes a republic after finishing the monarchy.
- September 2015 - The Government of Nepal adopted a new constitution - and in addition to it became the first country to protect communal rights.
Interesting Facts about Nepal
1. By the creation and extension of Nepal border, Nepal has never been colonized nor did foreigners rule over it. Therefore, Nepal never celebrates Independence Day.
2. About 70 million years old Asia's Himalaya mountain range separates Tibetan Platau from the Indian subcontinent and this mountain range extends into five countries: Nepal, Bhutan, India, China and Pakistan. It is the world's youngest mountain range. The word Himalaya in Sanskrit means "the abode of ice". According to Hindu mythology the Himalayas were the home of Lord Shiva.
3. Naimeh Barwa in the east and Nanga Parputat in the west, near the top of the Himalaya.
4. The ancient history of Nepal was initiated in Kathmandu valley and after this, its boundaries expanded for centuries, India and China are involved in Nepal's neighboring countries. It is also rich in the form of a quadrangle between two business routes. This intersection makes it a cultural mix country.
5. Nepal is alive geographically. Indo-Australia Plate under the leadership of Nepal is still going on and in the next 10 million years, this 1500 km journey will be done in Asia.
6. Nepal's transformation in height is at the extreme limit. There is also the world's highest valley (Arun). Chitwan is the world's tallest grassland.
7. Kali Gandaki river of Nepal is more ancient than Himalayas and due to the main conditions, it was settled between West and East Himalayas.
8. The extinct species of Nepal comprises of beautiful snow leopards, red panda and one horned rhinoceros.
9. Nepal has never experienced ethnic and religious conflict and riots. There is never a drop of blood in the name of religion in this country. Whereas this country is home to 80 ethnic groups and people use around 123 different languages.
10. Nepalese people greet each other with their palm together. While saluting, they bow their head a bit and say "Namaste", India also does the same neighboring country. Normally it means "I salute the God in you".
11. Elephant Polo was born in Meghalaya, Nepal. Nepal's Tiger is the headquarter of Polo, and the site of the World Elephant Polo Championship.
12. More than half of Nepalese population is passing less than $ 1 a day, Nepal is counted among the world's poorest countries.
13. In Nepal's national airline there is a lot of plane going out of Asia and this is why it is very expensive to travel from Nepal.
14. In the Sakya royal family, Prince Siddhartha Gautam was born around Lumbini in the 6th century, today this place is considered as a holy place. He later became famous as Lord Buddha.
15. Nepal experienced the Dark Ages from 600 BC to 1200 BC. In 700, both Tibet and Kashmir were attacked, but due to its strategic location, they could protect the life and development of the empire. The credit for the search of Kantipur (present day Kathmandu) should be given to King Gunakamdev, who discovered it in about 10th century.
16. The area of Nepal adventure and excellent sports tourism has also been there. Plays played in Nepal include paragliding, bungee jump, high altitude marathon and mountain biking, white water rafting and mountaineering.
17. Nepalese people are conservative towards their country and social performance is not only harmful but also illegal. Here you are arrested for doing social places.
18. The Nepal Government discovers half of the total income from Tourism in the people living in wildlife.
19. Karnali river is the longest river in Nepal.
20. The world's most beautiful snow leopard is found in Nepal.
21. Nepal's earthquake killed about 8,800 people and wound up more than 21,000 people. About 3.5 million people had become homeless at that time. Nearly 58 people of the surrounding countries also lost their lives. Because of the earthquake, 21 people died due to avalanches on Mount Everest, and more than 120 people were injured.
22. Before Kathmandu it was Kantipur, which means "City of Glory".
23. In ancient times, Kathmandu valley was actually a huge lake full of Kamloos. Geologists also proved it as scientifically correct.
24. Nepal's home of more than half the population is Kathmandu itself.
25. The center of historic trade routes of India and Tibet was Kathmandu only.