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Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

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Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the main great men fighting for freedom and struggling. We were known by them as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru or Uncle Nehru - Chacha Nehru. Who had won the hearts of people with his speeches. That's why he became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Some important information about the life of this great great man

Full Name - Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru
Date of Birth - November 14, 1889
Birthplace - Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh)
Father - Motilal Nehru
Mother Nature - Nehru
Wife - Kamala Nehru (1916)
Children - Mr. Mati Indira Gandhi Ji
Education - Degree editing from Trinity College of the University of Cambridge in 1910. In 1912, 'Inner Temple' was edited by the London College Barrister Barrister.
Wife - Kamala Nehru (1916)
Death - 27 May 1964, New Delhi
The cause of death - heart attack
Awards - Bharat Ratna (1955)
Prime Minister's post - India's first Prime Minister (15 August 1947 - 27 May 1964)

-Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the idealist, and the saintly figure, believed that the person who forgets his motives, principles and ideals does not seem to have success.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a politician who put the light of his personality on everyone's life. Not only this, Pandit Nehru was also considered a socialist, secular and architect of democratic mathematics.

Pandit Nehru was also known as the architect of modern India. They had a lot of love for children, so the children called them Chacha Nehru. Therefore, his birthday is also celebrated as "Children's Day".

They said that

"Citizenship lies in the service of the country."

With the same thinking, he got the distinction of becoming the first Prime Minister of Azad India. Along with this, he was an idealist and a great freedom fighter who had supported Mahatma Gandhi in liberating the slave India.

The feeling of patriotism in Nehru ji was from the beginning, as well as learning from many different life lessons is an inspiration for all of them.

Jawaharlal Nehru Early Life

Jawaharlal Nehru, a great writer, thinker and skilled politician, was born in the Kashmiri Brahman family in Allahabad on 14 November 1889. Pandit Nehru's father's name was Pandit Motilal Nehru, who was a famous barrister and social worker and his mother's name was Mrs. Swaroop Rani. Who kept Talukkad from the Kashmiri Brahman family.

Jawaharlal Nehru had three siblings, in which Nehru ji was the eldest. Nehru's elder sister was Vijaya Lakshmi, who later became the first woman president of United Nations General Assembly, while her younger sister, Krishna Hathingh was a good and influential writer.

He also wrote many books while highlighting the life of his brother Pandit Nehru.

Let us know that Pandit Nehru was a strong mind and an enlightened great man since birth. He used to get one by one who was impressed with them. For this reason, he grew up becoming a skilled politician, idealist, thinker and great writer.

Because of his origin with the Kashmiri Pandit community, he was also called by the name of Pandit Nehru.

Jawaharlal Nehru Education

His early education was at home, in 1890, Pandit Nehru received education from the world's famous schools and universities. At the age of 15, Nehru was sent to Harrow School in England in 1905.

Law studies

After living in Harrow for 2 years, Jawaharlal Nehru took admission in Law from Trinity College, London. After this, he completed law and order studies from Cambridge University.

After leaving Cambridge, after completing two years in London's inner temple, he completed his studies of advocacy.

Let them know that by staying in England in 7 years, they also gained knowledge of Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism. In 1912, he returned to India and started advocacy.

Jawaharlal Nehru Marriage and Indira Gandhi Birth

Four years after returning to India, in 1916, the marriage of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was done with Kamla Kaur. Kamla Kaur was in Talukkad from the Kashmiri family settled in Delhi.

In 1917, he gave birth to Indira Priyadarshini, who became the first woman Prime Minister of India. Whom we know as Indira Gandhi

Pandit Nehru came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi (entering politics)

Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Homerol League - Indian Home Rule movement in 1917. Two years later, in 1919, he entered the political arena. Then he was introduced to Mahatma Gandhi.

Let us tell you that this was the period when Mahatma Gandhi started a campaign against the Rowlatt Act - Rowlatt Act. Nehru ji was impressed by Mahatma Gandhi's peaceful civil disobedience movement.

They considered Gandhiji as his ideal, even Nehru gave up foreign objects and adopted Khadi, after which he joined the non-cooperation movement of the 1920-1922 Gandhiji even during this period he was also arrested.

Jawaharlal Nehru Political Life

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru also served as general secretary of All India Congress Committee from 1926 to 1928. The annual session of the Congress was organized in the year 1928-29, which was chaired by his father Motilal Nehru.

During that session, Pandit Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for full political independence while Motilal Nehru and other leaders wanted a dominant state within the British rule. In December 1929, the annual Convention of Congress was organized in Lahore.

In which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected president of the Congress party. During this session, a resolution was passed which demanded 'full self-rule'.

26 January 1930 (Conflict in Political Travel)

Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India on 26 January 1930 in Lahore During this time Mahatma Gandhi initiated the Civil Disobedience Movement. Success in this movement, along with this peaceful movement, forced the British rulers to make changes in politics.

So far Nehru had received a lot of knowledge of politics and he had made a good grip on politics. After this, Jawaharlal Nehru was elected to the post of Congress in 1936 and 1937.

Not only that, he was arrested in 1942 during Mahatma Gandhi's Quit India Movement and in 1945 he was released from jail. Not only this, Nehru made a significant contribution in liberating slave India.

During the independence of 1947, he played a key role in the conversation with the English government. After this, a different image was formed in front of their countrymen and they became ideal for the countrymen.

Pandit Nehru was very close to Mahatma Gandhi

It is said that Pandit was a close friend of Jawaharlal Nehru Gandhiji, both family relationships were very good. It is also said that Pandit Nehru was made the first Prime Minister of the country only after Mahatma Gandhi's words.

At the same time, Pandit Nehru was very impressed with Mahatma Gandhi's ideas. Pandit Nehru received a new learning and energy from the peaceful movement of Mahatma Gandhi, which is why he came in contact with Gandhiji in his every movement but secular attitude towards Nehru ji's politics Mahatma Gandhi ji Was a little different from the religious and traditional perspectives of.

Indeed, Gandhiji emphasized the glory of ancient India, while Nehru ji was of modern ideology.

India First Prime Minister

In the year 1947 when independence came from slavery. While the countrymen were breathing in Azad India, at the same time, there was a need for a democratic system for the development of the country.

Therefore, for the first time in the country, the elections of the prime minister were held, in which elections were held for the prime minister's claim to the Congress, in which iron men Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Acharya Kripalani got more votes.

But on the advice of Gandhiji, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was made the first Prime Minister of the country. After this, Pandit Nehru held the post of Prime Minister for three consecutive terms and continued his efforts for the promotion of India.

While being the Prime Minister, Pandit Nehru did many important works for the development of the country, along with that he laid the foundations of a strong nation and played an important role in providing financial support to India financially. Along with that, he also encouraged the development of science and technology in India.

Tell you that Pandit Nehru was a favored person of modern India, so he built India's strong foundation on modern thinking and created a non-partisan movement for peace and organization. Simultaneously, he made significant contributions to the Korean War, the Suez Canal dispute and the Congo Agreement.

Jawaharlal Nehru's highest honor

Jawaharlal Nehru also created awareness in the minds of Indians to eradicate the expression of casteism and to help the poor, along with this they also worked to create respect for democratic values ​​among the people.

Apart from this, they did many work including the right to equal rights to widows in case of property.

Apart from this, Nehru ji has made significant contributions in the war and many agreements, including solutions to many other explosive issues like West Berlin, Austria and Laos. For which he was honored with the highest honor Bharat Ratna in 1955.

Jawaharlal Nehru as a Writer

Not just a good politician and influential speaker of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, he was also a good writer. Every word written with his pen had a profound influence on the front and people were very excited to read their books. His autobiography was published in 1936.

Books of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru -

  • India and the world
  • Soviet Russia
  • A glimpse of world history
  • India's unity and independence
  • Glimpse of the history of the world (1939) (Glimpses Of World History)
  • The popular book Discovery of India

Discovery of India, which he wrote in Ahmednagar jail in April-September 1944. This book was written by Pandit Nehru in English, after which the book was translated into many languages ​​including Hindi.

Let us tell you in this book Nehru ji described the Indus Valley Civilization, the independence of India and India's culture, religion and conflict.

Death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (27 May 1964)

Even after some time of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's struggle with China, health started getting worse. After this, he had a heart attack on May 27, 1964 and he settled permanently from this world.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru did not take his love for children but he was also devoted to his country.

Jawaharlal Nehru was a flashing star of politics around which the whole movement of Indian politics revolves around becoming India's first Prime Minister, he has glorified India, along with that he has built a strong foundation of India and a group for peace and organization. He was successful as a warrior of independence struggle for the creation of the Non-Aligned Movement and his Yogoda for the creation of modern India Was unprecedented.

The Quote of former Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

  • Citizenship lies in the service of the country.
  • Culture is the extension of mind and soul.
  • Failure comes when we forget our ideal, purpose, and doctrine.
  • It is wiser to take advantage of others' experiences.
  • Democracy and socialism are the means of achieving goals, not self-goal.
  • The art of people is the perfect mirror of their mind.

Important things of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

  • Pandit Nehru is said to be the architect of modern India.
  • Pandit Nehru's birthday is celebrated on November 14 as 'Children's Day'.

Roads, schools, universities and hospitals in the name of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

The death of the great man was a great loss for India because of this the entire countrymen were deeply saddened because they left the impression of their good personality on everyone. While he was a popular politician, his sacrifices and contribution can never be forgotten.

Therefore, in his memory, many roadways, Jawaharlal Nehru School, Jawaharlal Nehru University of Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital etc. were started.

The main objectives of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were to strengthen democratic traditions during his tenure as prime minister, provide permanent values ​​to the nation and the secular character of the Constitution, and to improve the country's economy through the schemes.

These same resolutions and objectives made them great men, which are inspirational for all.

Jawaharlal Nehru's information at a glance

  • After coming to India from England in 1912, Jawaharlal Nehru started his career as a lawyer in his Allahabad High Court by becoming his junior.
  • In 1916, Pandit Nehru met Gandhiji for the purpose of working in politics. He wanted to participate in Indian independence movement in the country's politics, as he wanted.
  • In 1916, he entered his homeland league by Dr. Annie Besant. In 1918, he became the secretary of this organization. He also participated in the work of the Indian National Congress along with him.
  • In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi joined Nehruji in the non-cooperation movement launched. For this reason he was sentenced to six years
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru was elected President of Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1922-23.
  • In 1927 Neharuji met the Sovil Union. They were influenced by the use of socialism and moved towards that same thinking.
  • In 1929, the President of the historic session of the National Congress in Lahore was elected as the convenor of this session. The Congress demanded total independence, this session was decided to make India independent, after which the resolution of 'complete freedom' was passed.
  • To reach this whole of India, 26 January 1930 was stabilized in the National Assembly. A big gathering was organized in every village. January 26th is considered special because the people took oath to fight for independence.
  • In 1930, Mahatma Gandhiji started the Civil Disobedience Movement, which had special status to be included in Nehrujaika.
  • In 1937, Congress decided to contest the election of the Elephant Law Board and achieved a great success, whose promotional weight was at Nehruji.
  • The 'Chale Jaive Movement' of 1942 - Quit India Movement has a special status in the Indian independence movement. Congress should launch this movement, so Pandit Nehru came forward to prepare Gandhiji's mind. After that the government immediately arrested him and imprisoned Ahmednagar jail. He wrote the book 'Off India'.
  • The interim government established in 1946 chose Nehru as the Prime Minister. Having become independent, India became the first Prime Minister of independent India. He lived in this post till the end of his life. In 1950, Pandit Nehru appointed the Planning Commission.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - Jawaharlal Nehru aka Chacha Nehru - Chacha Nehru never believed in defeat in his life. They continued to fight against the British to make India a free India. Proved to be a mighty successful leader They always used to follow Gandhiji's ideals. He always believed that,

"Failure comes only when we forget our ideals, motives and principles."

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