A positive integer which is only divisible by 1 and itself is known as prime number. For example: 13 is a prime number because it is only divisible by 1 and 13 but, 15 is not prime number because it is divisible by 1, 3, 5 and 15.

## C++ program to Check Prime Number

```
/* C++ program to check whether a number is prime or not. */
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
int n, i, flag=0;
cout << "Enter a positive integer: ";
cin >> n;
for(i=2;i<=n/2;++i)
{
if(n%i==0)
{
flag=1;
break;
}
}
if (flag==0)
cout << "This is a prime number";
else
cout << "This is not a prime number";
return 0;
}
```

**Output**

```
Enter a positive integer: 29
This is a prime number.
```

```
Enter a positive integer: 12
This is not a prime number.
```

This program takes a positive integer from user and stores it in variable n. Then, for loop is executed which checks whether the number entered by user is perfectly divisible by i or not starting with initial value of i equals to 2 and increasing the value of i in each iteration. If the number entered by user is perfectly divisible by i then, flag is set to 1 and that number will not be a prime number but, if the number is not perfectly divisible by i until test condition i<=n/2 is true means, it is only divisible by 1 and that number itself and that number is a prime number.