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Essay on Acid Rain

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Acid rain refers to excessive acid rain, which poses a threat to environmental and atmospheric deterioration. It mainly affects plants, aquatic creatures, infrastructure etc. There is a high level of acidic hydrogen ions in it, i.e. less pH, in fact, normal rainfall is slightly acidic in the first stage, in which pH level is 5.3-6.0. Due to the reaction of carbon dioxide and carbon due to rain water, the water of the rain reacts to the formation of carbonic acid, which is itself a weak acid when rainwater pH level falls below this limit, then it turns into acid rain is.

Both natural and man-made sources play an important role in the formation of acid rain (acid rain). But this is mainly due to combustion of fossil fuels, which spreads in the atmosphere of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx). Acid Rain (Acid Rain) is an important topic on which students are often asked to write paragraphs or essays. 

Essay on Acid Rain (200 words)

Most of us consider rain as fresh and beneficial for the environment, but in fact, all types of rain is not good. Acid rain (acid rain) is a type of rain which is very harmful to the environment.

Acid rain (acid rain) involves the decline of rainfall, snow, hail, fog or dew, in which acid pollution, especially sulfuric and nitric acid are in excessive amounts of acid rain (acid rain) due to the emission of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide , Which react with water molecules present in the atmosphere to produce acid.

There are two main reasons for the presence of acid in the natural and man-made air. The volcanic eruptions and decaying vegetation are examples of natural causes, and the smoke generated by road transport, fireplace, industrialization, and burning of fossil fuels is an example of man-made causes which are acid Threats of rain (acid rain).

Acid rain (acid rain) has a bad effect on forests, water and soil, it also damages buildings and human health as well as life of insects and sea creatures.

Acid rain (acid rain) also makes the rivers, lakes and other water bodies poisonous. Acid Rain (Acid Rain) The main reason behind the many buildings and monuments is damaged, because acid calcium carbone cuts the stone

Although nothing more can be done about the natural causes of acid rain, we can take steps to reduce man-made factors. We should choose cleaner methods of energy, such as the use of solar energy, recycling of natural resources and planting more and more trees.

Essay on Acid Rain (300 words)

Listening on the name of acid rain, it seems that pure acid is falling from the sky, but acid rain (acid rain) does not really happen when some gases are mixed with moisture present in the atmosphere which is more Is Acidic I Acid Rain (acid rain) can be defined as rain, fog, hail or heavy rain or snow, which is the result of fossil fuels and industrial combustion They become acidic from the substances, which are mostly used for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)

Acid rain (acid rain) can be classified as follows: dry acid rain or wet acid rain. Both forms of Acid Rain (Acid Rain), wet and dry, travel long distances from the air before rainy. In addition to these natural causes, chimneys, industries, pollution emanating from vehicles, etc. include manmade reasons for acid rain (acid rain).

When acid rain (acid rain) falls, it dramatically changes the acidity level of the habitat, causing the danger of destruction along with non-living people in the lifestyles of living things.

The effects of acid rain (acid rain) for every one, including historical monuments, including all wildlife, aquatic biodiversity, humans, buildings, infrastructure, soil, forests can be harmful.

Acid rain (acidic rain) can be prevented only when we make the right use of energy such as maximum use of solar energy, recycling of natural resources and promoting plantation. If we take the determination to stop all acid rain, it can certainly be better in the environment and the balanced level of pH in the air, which will be very beneficial for our environment.

Essay on acid rain 3 (400 words)

Acid rain (wet or dry) is primarily a type of mixture that contains large amounts of nitric acid and sulfuric acid in itself.

Simply put, it means that the presence of some elements in the air increases due to the pollution caused by moving cars and industrial processes, due to which acid rain (acid rain) is on the earth. Acidity is determined based on the pH balance of water droplets. Although the normal rainfall is slightly acidic with the pH range of 5.3-6.0, because carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) react together to form carbonic acid present in the air.

Due to acid rain (acid rain)

In the form of acid rain (acid rain), both natural and man-made cause play an important role. The volcanic and degraded vegetation produces toxic gas, which produces acid rain (acid rain). Although most of the gas is derived from man-made sources, such as fossil fuel combustion

Effect of acid rain (acid rain)

Acid rain has many negative effects, which are described as follows:

Acid Rain (Acetic Rain) causes various respiratory problems which cause more difficulty in breathing.

  • Construction of buildings and buildings from Acid Rain (acid rain) is damaged rapidly, and the color of the paint is also quickly faded.
  • Acid Rain (Acid Rain) also has a bad effect on stone statues, which is why they seem to be old before time and their value and their value are also reduced. For example, the poor influence of acid rain (acid rain) on the look of the Taj Mahal is not hidden from anyone.
  • Due to the acid rain (alkaline rain), the amount of aluminum in the soil around the tree is high, due to which the roots of the tree are difficult to absorb water. For example in Germany there is a place called "Black Forest". This name has been obtained because acid rain (acid rain) caused significant damage to the trees, causing the trees to turn into dry leaves and branches.
  • We feel that acid rain (acid rain) is a common issue, but it can lead to major calamities which we can not even imagine.

How to stop acid rain (acid rain)

Although there are many ways to prevent acid rain, but there is a way by which all of us can stop it, using the clean methods of solar energy. Such as the recycling of waste and the introduction of electric cars. Although many efforts are being made to clean the air, but still the person has to go a long way in cleaning the environment. If humans take more precautions about the environment then the incidence of losses from Acid Rain (Acid Rain) can be reduced. But if our efforts to reduce atmospheric pollution are not strong, then all our natural resources can be seriously harmed, which will pose a threat to life on Earth.

Essay on acid rain 4 (500 words)

Basically, acid rain (acid rain) occurs when dangerous gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) react with chemical reactions. There is smoke from the factories and the vehicles behind the expansion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

When these gases enter the atmosphere, they mix chemicals with pure rain water to make acids such as wild chemicals and carbonic acids, sulfuric acid and nitric acid, which in turn result in the acid rain (acid rain).

Causes of acid rain

As a result of increasing levels of pollution, acid rain (acid rain) is generated. Acid rain (acid rain) is very common in large cities such as Bengaluru, Mumbai and New Delhi. This is due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. Acid rain and its dangerous effects are not confined to a certain area as soon as the wind moves, they carry dangerous chemicals present in the acid rain (acid rain) along to the distant places. Scientists also agree that the burning of fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas is a major cause of acid rain (acid rain). Therefore, the factories which use fossil fuels in automobile industries, paper industries and chemical industries should reduce the emissions of harmful gases, which will reduce the percentage of acid's presence in the rain.

Adverse effects of acid rain (acid rain)

Acid Rain (Acidic Rain) has several adverse effects, as described below:

  • When there is water from acid rain (acid rain) in the water of lakes and rivers, there is no scope for aquatic life. Acid rain (acid rain) affects the aquatic housing of the ecosystem. Due to becoming more acidic in the bodies of rivers, lakes and other fresh water, the number of water animals and other aquatic plants in their water decreases further.
  • This also reduces crop yield.
  • This causes heavy damage to forests and wildlife. When acid rain (acid rain) falls in forest areas, it leads to toxic metabolism like lead and zinc, which leads to low growth of trees and plants. In this way acid rain increases the expansion of forests and forests.
  • Being corrosive, it can cause extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. One important of this is that the Taj Mahal building, which can be seen from the acid rain (acid rain), can be seen.
  • Acid rain (acid rain) also affects humans. Due to acid rain (acid rain), skin rash, itching, hair fall and breathing problems are caused. Acid rain (acid rain) can lead to cardiovascular and lung problems.
  • Due to acid rain, the toxic metals together with underground drinking water sources make the ground water ineligible for human use.

Measures of Acid Rain (Acidic Rain):

Most factories are now required to be equipped with scrubs. Despite being expensive, coal is burned, which eliminates the maximum amount of sulfur dioxide present in it. In the scrubs, the mixture of water and lime is sprayed with poisonous gases, from which limewater is formed, which is known as thick sludge.

The second solution of acidity in the water of the lake is to lick. Lime is very alkaline, so when it is inserted into the lakes it cleanses the acidity. The only problem with this process is that it is very expensive and only a temporary solution.

Another solution of acid rain (catalytic rain) is catalytic converter, which is essential for all cars, buses, auto and other road transport. The converter is applied on the evacuation pipe of the smoke, through which the smoke passes through this drainage pipe. It converts gases such as catalytic converter, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, and unchanged hydrocarbons into pure air.

Essay 5 on acid rain (600-800 words)

Acid rain (acid rain) includes rain, snow, hail, fog or dew etc. in which acid pollutants are especially sulfuric and nitric acid. Acid Rain (Acid Rain) is caused by the emission of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which produces acid by reacting with water molecules in the atmosphere.

The word "acid rain" was first used in 1872 by Robert Angus Smith. The problem of acid rain (acid rain) has not only increased with the increase in population and industrialization, but it has become even more dangerous now. In fact, the smokestacks (long chimneys on the factory, ship, etc) brought to reduce local pollution have given rise to acid rain (acid rain) by releasing gases in the regional atmospheric circulation.

Acid rain (acid rain) is often seen in most parts of Europe, including Canada, the United States and parts of Sweden, Norway and Germany. In addition to this, acid rain (acid rain) has been observed in some southern parts of South Africa and South Asia, especially in Sri Lanka and India, in Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai.

Types of Acid Rain (Acidic Rain):

There are two types of acid rain (acid rain) which are classified as follows:

Wet Acid Rain: When acid rain (acid rain) falls on the ground in the form of rain, snow, fog or mist, then it removes the acid from the atmosphere and deposits them onto the surface of the earth. After that this acid starts flowing through the ground, which affects a large part of plants, animals and aquatic life. The effluent water that flows out of the drain flows into water sources such as rivers and canals, which later it affects the aquatic life combined in sea water.

Dry acid rain: When acidic pollutants, dust or dust, fall together on the ground in the form of dry particles, it sticks to the ground and other surfaces such as buildings, cars, houses, trees and monuments. Most of the acidic pollutants in the atmosphere spread through solidification.

Causes of acid rain

The main causes of acid rain (acid rain) are natural and human-organized. Although acid rain (acid rain) is primarily due to the combustion of fossil fuels, which promotes the amount of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) in the atmosphere.

Natural sources: The main source of acid rain (acid rain) is the main source of volcanic eruption. Volcanoes release large amounts of lava, which produces harmful gases, from which acid rain (acidic rainfall) is more than normal amount. The acid rain (acid rain) is also formed due to which the gas generated from vegetation, forest fires and other biological processes. Dimethyl sulphide is a typical example of a major biological contributor containing sulfur present in the atmosphere. Nitrogen oxides are also formed by the fall of electricity, which responds with water molecules to produce nitric acid, which produces acid rain (acid rain).

Man-Organized Sources: First of all, human activities include the factories, power generation premises and sulfur and nitrogen gas emitting from automobile industries which are the form of chemical gas. These increase the amount of acid rain (acid rain). Apart from this, the use of coal for electricity generation is the leading cause of gaseous emissions associated with the acid rain (acid rain) directly. The water present in these gases reacts with oxygen and other chemicals so that they can create various acidic compounds like sulfuric acid, nitric acid etc. As a result, acid rain (acid rain) occurs in excessive amounts in those areas.

Harmful effects of acid rain:

Acid rain (acidic rain) affects the environment in the following broad categories:

  • Marine biodiversity
  • Soil
  • Architecture & Infrastructure
  • Forests and wildlife
  • public health

Ways to Avoid Acid Rain (Acid Rain):

Acid rain (acid rain) due to natural causes can not be stopped, but there are ways we can avoid acid rain (acid rain) due to man-made reasons. The way avoiding acid rain (acid rain) is as follows:

By using limestone, which is known as the lifting process, through which people can repair the damage caused by acid rain (acid rain) to the lakes, rivers and other water sources. Under this, lime is inserted in the acidic surface, which balances the acidity of water. However, it only provides a short-term solution to solve the massive challenges of emitting SO2 and NOX and the risk of human health. Nevertheless, the laming process helps in the restoration of the existence of marine organisms and also improves acidic water for a long time.

Millions of people contribute towards emissions of SO2 and NOX directly or indirectly. For redressing this challenge, people need to pay more attention to energy conservation, such as discontinuing them if they do not use lights or electrical equipment, use more of public transport, use of efficient electrical equipment and hybrid Use vehicles that emit SO2 and NOX in the least amount.

Apart from fossil fuels, there is a wide range of many energy sources which can generate electrical power. These include wind power, solar energy, geothermal energy, nuclear power and water energy. These sources of energy can provide the option of effective electric power instead of fossil fuels. Natural gas, fuel cells and batteries can also be used in place of fossil fuels.


As you can see, there are many ways to clean our air, but due to the increase in population and rapid industrialization we need to try the war method to reduce the occurrence of acid rain (acid rain). In order to avoid causing huge damage to the environment, the whole world needs to contribute simultaneously in this direction.

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