Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Panchayati Raj Democracy at The Root of Grass in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 or IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams students in 1900 words.
The advent of independence has released many forces for radical changes in the rural areas of India. The introduction of universal franchise is a revolutionary measure that has placed a powerful weapon in the hands of traditionally disadvantaged sections of our population i.e., the inhabitants of this village have been awakened by the deep sleep of bias, illiteracy and decomposition. Besides the other great factors of national reconstruction-Panchayati Raj, they have been inspired to develop themselves as healthy and self-supportive communities. ''
According to the wind. CS Prasad, "The role of the person in the democratic system is important, but where a community has become depressed, it is one of the corporate efforts of men who promise only for any remarkable progress," Gram Panchayat ", therefore, Today, special relevance to the Indian situation in which a person finds himself in a very low importance to go alone. In the March of prosperity, he himself Has made a part of some organized medium. "There can be nothing but the organized medium panchayat. These Panchayats can effectively face countless problems with the lives of the village.
The Panchayati Raj is a three-level structure of the local self-government at the village, block and district level. However, the state is free to change the structure according to local conditions. Following is the arrangement of Panchayati Raj in UP.
Gram Sabha- There may be a meeting of the village in a village or village group with a population of at least 1,000 people. Individuals of 20 years of age or older can become members of the 21 year old village council. The head of the Gram Sabha is called 'Gram Pradhan'.
Gram Panchayat - The Executive Committee of the Gram Sabha is called Gram Panchayat. It includes one president, one deputy chairman and some elected members of the Gram Sabha.
In other states, village panchayat at village level, panchayat committee at block level and district council in district council.
Panchayati Raj is the extension of democracy at grass level. This system is basically designed to work as a tool to deal with the countless problems of village life. This institution was conceived for social and economic justice for the rural people, especially the weaker sections. Its purpose is to create a sense of participation among the people in the development of the life of the village.
Some important groups of panchayats are-
1. Care of the approach, roads, construction of minor roads and maintenance and drainage facilities.
2. Arrangements for medical relief, primary education, maternity and child welfare.
3. To help farmers in the matters of agriculture including horticulture, animal husbandry, pisciculture, piggery etc. in the following ways:
(A) the purchase of seeds and manure for them;
(B) purchase of agricultural equipment for them;
(C) arrangement for the sale of agricultural products at reasonable rates; And
(D) Establishment of subsidiary and cottage industries.
4. To keep records of birth and death and registration of marriage,
5. Arrangement for road lighting and sanitation.
6. Arrangement for night guard for the safety of the villagers.
7. Arranging for common grazing grounds and keeping the well, tank and other public places in a clean position.
8. To arrange room and libraries to read.
9. Establishing co-operative societies and developing a spirit of cooperation among the villagers.
In addition to the above mentioned works, village panchayats are also expected to do prudent actions such as tree planting, cattle breeding, famine relief etc. Complaints against local government officials can also be forwarded by them. They also help in rehabilitation of free labor labor, enforcement of roof jaws, distribution of surplus land and implementation of law related to minimum wages for agricultural laborers.
The Gram Panchayat has worked close to miracles in many areas but there are also some weaknesses of panchayats. First of all, most representatives do not have the necessary education and training to effectively perform various functions of the Panchayat or to create executive, judicial or social responsibility. Second, in the present form, a Gram Panchayat is spread in an unexpectedly large area. Third, financial resources of panchayat arc are very inadequate. The lack of net-work and block-level reduction of government agencies and workers in the fourth sub-division
Fifth, dirty politics has spoiled the efficient functioning of panchayats. The flattering power seats in Panchayat villages are under the influence of the powerful and strong sections of most people and only fulfill their interests. And finally, the panchayats are focusing on traditional works. Many areas like drinking water supply, improved communication, etc. are completely left out by panchayats.
During the last one and a half years, the evolutionary (or would we call revolutionary?) Changes in Mr Gandhi's thought process? He wants to switch from the existing bureaucratic plan to the democratic and decentralized pattern of planning. Compared to the current elections, the riot may be better than the current changes when general elections are held.
At grass level, the Panchayati Raj system has to be revived, revised and strengthened. Crept is the weaknesses that have to be removed. The Constitution devoted this responsibility to the State Governments at the very beginning, but it has been discharged as executed. Panchayats are considered as the appendices of state governments and they are operated as subordinate. On the basis of irregularities, acquisitions, financial reliance on the state government, lack of initiatives on rural leadership, the panchayats have been ousted. There is a big difference between the MLAs and their elected representatives in parliament and the legislators in the state capitals. While more than 800 lakh people can not be expected to participate in the functioning of democracy on different layers of government, including elected representatives, about 11,000, members of parliament can not bridge the gap. There is no move between the common man, the lowest of the social ladder, and the elected representatives at the top. There is everything in conservation, power brokers and vested interests. To eliminate these elements, there is an inevitable requirement to overhaul the existing system.
With the introduction of the proposed pure work of the Panchayati Raj System, about seven lakh people will be selected at grass level and for whom it was related, one step will be given to them. This body will be a "huge leap forward" in the political direction to re-implement the foundation of democracy.
On May 15, 1989, the Rajiv Gandhi government introduced the Constitutional (64th) Amendment Bill in Parliament to strengthen Panchayati Raj in the country. How the bill can be strengthened at grass root level, it was introduced in Parliament after two years of hot and intense debate.
According to the government, the main purpose of the bill is to decentralize rights and give more power to the people at the village level in particular. Once passed by Parliament, the bill will enable Panchayats to prepare the plans for economic development and social justice. All 5,00,000 villages in the country and each of them now has a Panchayat liable for voters for a period of five years. This bill defines the Panchayat as "self-government for rural areas or at intermediate level or at district level". The Bill not only defines institutions to develop for self-rule but also makes a radical change in the distribution of wealth.
In relation to the structure, powers and functions of Panchayati Raj, the main features of the bill will be as follows:
1. On passing the Constitution (sixty-fourth) Amendment Bill, each state will be required to have 3-level Panchayati Raj institutions at the village level, intermediate level and district level. Small states, are the states whose population is not more than 20 lakh, except for intermediate panchayats, there may be two level patterns.
2. Such institutions will have to make regular and compulsory elections every five years on the basis of universal adult franchise and under the supervision of Election Commissioner. The State Government may give directions to the members of the Parliament, State Assembly members and other members on the Panchayats. But they will not have the right to vote.
3. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Women (30%) is a special feature of reforms.
4. Panchayati Raj Institutions will have powers, rights and responsibilities in relation to specific subjects like preparing a draft plan for social change in the area in their jurisdiction. These schemes will be within the framework of state plans. A list of tasks or areas within the jurisdiction of panchayats is attached in the form of Schedule Tenth of the Constitution.
The Panchayats will have limited fiscal autonomy to levy, collect and make specific taxes, friends, fees and toll, in addition to the money received through state funding schemes or through funds prescribed by the State Finance Commission,
6. Assurance of sound financial principles, Panchayat will utilize resources for productive purposes and maintain accounts for audit directed by the Controller and Accountant General. In order to reduce socio-economic inequalities, they have to execute the schemes and fulfill economic reforms, especially land reforms.
7. In order to review the financial condition of panchayats and make recommendations for fiscal matters to the governor, the State Finance Commission will be appointed by the Governor of State every five years.
Earlier, the funds released by the center reached a panchayat through the state government, district administration (district council) and block development committee (block administration). It took a long time Under the new scheme proposed by the bill, the funds will now go directly to the village panchayat from the center through district magistrate as the distributor agency. Earlier, the state government, district and block administration could ask a panchayat to give details of their work and expenditure. They can interfere in their work and even dissolve it. Now this is not possible. The District Magistrate is only a distribution agency and can not interfere in the work of Panchayat; Nor can she dissolve it.
According to the press report, 64th Amendment Bill, Parliament is unlikely to face any resistance in the initial phase as some controversial clauses have been removed from the final version in the original draft.
According to the press report, Panchayati Raj Institutions are planning programs for creating poverty and employment. One such program entrusted to Panchayat is the newly established Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, for which the total allocation is Rs. 2625 crores will be made for the current financial year, 1989-90. It will be funded by the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 4: 1. The share of the Center (Rs 2100 crore) though will be contributed through the states. The proportion of the population below the poverty line will be the share of each state. Distribution of funds to districts will be determined in terms of backwardness norms. Will money actually reach the panchayat or will not show time alone.
The basic purpose of the revolution demanded to "gain power" is the objective. As Mr. Gandhi gave it a second revolution in the country after the first revolution of political freedom. However, democracy will not take rooted and will only stop development in society where ignorance and illiteracy will be supreme rule. To give strength to such people, there is the power to cast pearls before swine. What should have been done to educate people With enlightened mind, they will be able to do the right thing at the right time, at the right time and in the right place. Otherwise, the power and wealth given to them will be misused or cracked.