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INDIAN FILMS

Feed by Kumar Sanu Cat- Education

Feature films found their place in India in 1912 when the first film Pundalik was made by R.G. Torney and N.G., Chitre. This was followed by Raja Harishchandra in 1913 by Dhundiraj Govind Phalk Text Box: CO The era of talkie films began in 1931 when the first talkie film Alam Ara was produced by Ardeshir Irani.

India tops in the world in respect of production of feature films. Films can be publically exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification. The Board examines films for certification in accordance with the provisions contained in the Cinematograph Act, 1952, Cinematograph (Certification) Rules, 1983 and the guidelines issued by the central government in this regard. The Film Certification Appellate Tribunal hears appeals against the decision of the Central Board of Film Certification.

National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) is the central agency to promote good cinema in the country. The aim of the corporation is to plan, promote and organise the integrated development of the country's film industry. Services provided by NFDC are (if to give loans for production of feature films and documentaries (ii) to finance cent percent projects to be directed by eminent personalities in the field (iii) Co-producing with Doordarshan (iv) Co-producing and co-financing films with renowned foreign film producers. It also exports Indian films and acts as a canalizing agency for import of foreign films. In 1996 Central Board of Film Certification certified 683 Indian and 139 foreign feature films. During the same period, the Board certified 209 foreign and 492 Indian short films, 751 Indian Video films and 934 foreign video films.

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