We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Big Bang Experiment: God Particle Discovered in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Introduction of Big Bang theory. Making of Hadron Collider. The compos1t1on of Hadron Collider. Scientists view about the Higgs Field. India's endeavour in the field of parucle physics and Stephen Hawking's view about it.
Higgs Boson as discovered by standard model is the vindication of Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism. Higgs Boon exists from other models also that are beyond Standard Model. The experiment is called ru; B1g Bang Experiment because scientists believed that the experiment can point out what happened during the first few split seconds of the Big Bang of the universe. Big Bang Theory suggests that due to a very large explosion 14 billion years ago the universe was created. 'Standard Model' of physics hypothesises concepts of nuclear and electromagnetic interactions of particle. It also deals with the classification of subatomic particle. The Standard Model. large! has been able to explain phenomena related to particle interaction.
The 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics was jointly given to Peter Higgs and Francois Englert for theorisation of mechanism which explains our understanding of origin of mass of subatomic particle. This theorisation was confirmed by the discovery of fundamental particles at CERN's Large Hadron Collider Experiment. The Higgs Boson is the most expensive particle ever discovered At a whopping cost of $ 10 billion, the Large Hadron Collider is the world's most expensive, the largest and the most complex experimental faciliry ever built. It is s1tuated near Geneva at the France-Switzerland border.
Built with a collaboration of over 100 countries between 1998-2008 it was pioneered by European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). The world's most powerful particle accelerator consists of a 27 km long tunnel fitted with super conducting magnets. The depth of the facility is 100 m below the ground It started its operation in 2010 with 3.5 tera electron volts energy beam.
In 2015 its energy reached upto 6.5 tera electron volt. The Large Hadron Collider through its high energy beam aims to accelerate protons at the speed of 99.99% of the speed of light. Their collision into each other is aimed to mimic the conditions of Big Bang which created this universe. The interaction forces among the elementary particles, theory of relativity and quantum physics will be able to answer some of the fundamental questions of physics. The Large Hadron collider at 3.8 m wide is a concrete lined tun nel. The collider has two parallel sources of beam which crosses path at four different points. This allows for studying of interactions between parriclt!S. In order to detect God Particle. The Large Hadron Collider is composed of seven detectors. Some prominent detectors which can provide insights into the experiment ire ATLAS, CMS, ALICE and LHCb.
A Toroidal LHC Apparatus (ATLAS) will mainly look for origin of mass and extra dimensions. Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) will look for traces of dark matter in the Higgs Boson experiment. A Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE) will look for fluid matter which supposedly existed after the Big Bang. Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHCb) will look into the presence of matter and anti matter which were created after Big Bang.
After research in 1960s scientists had concluded that Higgs field existed throughout the space, The Higgs field triggered Higgs mechanism leading to formation of very massive forces. At that time scientists were unable to simulate Higgs field which would prove the presence of Higgs Boson. However, with the construction of Large Hadron Collider it was made Possible to simulate the conditions which would prove the presence of Higgs Boson. Higgs Boson as suggested by scientists 1s a particle which constantly snaps in and out of existence. They are also of the view that the four forces as suggested by standard model has its own Higgs Boson.
They explained their existence by the concept that electromagnetic field depends on proton to TransForce into matter. This analogy has been the anchor to explain Higgs Field. In India particle physics based project is under construction. Indian-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will study neutrinos in Tamil Nadu. The purpose of these projects is to ignite young minds to look into phenomena around them as solve the puzzles of nature. Many particle based accelerator have come up since the Large Hadron Collider Experiment. This is indicative of the thirst that physicists have across the globe to solve the mystery of formation up this universe.
Stephen Hawking a noted scientist of contemporary times has the view that the theory of Higg Boson is a theory of dooms day. A small fluctuation will create a bubble which will expand through space and will wipe out the enrire universe. His view is also supported by other scientists. But for that to occur it will take manv hundreds of year. The Higgs Boson is about 126 times the mass of proton. This mass has kept the universe glued together. Once the balance is lost it will collapse the entire universe. There are many other aspects which are associated with the Higgs Boson. What makes it a God Particle is its potential to make or break the universe.