Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Politics of Coalition Government in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 or IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams students in 170, 600, 900 and 1750 words.
Essay on Coalition Politics in India - 170 Words
After the disappearance of the Muslim League from the political scene of India in 1947, the Indian National Congress was the only national party that took over the popularity and respect of the people. This party was undoubtedly a mass base and worked at ground level in India.
Therefore, power was finally transferred to this party when the British left India. The party had the Fold Galaxy of all the national leaders of those days. It was liberal in its approach towards every national problem and was flexible enough to absorb very different ideas.
It remained in power in the states along with the Center between 1947 and 1967, when its hold weakened for several reasons. It is important that the death of Nehruji, India's defeat at the hands of China and inflation trends in the Indian economy.
Since the Indian National Congress on Indian scenario was the only important political party, therefore there was a unified character in it. This center and meter were in power in both slates.
Essay on Politics of Coalition Government - 600 Words
India is the country of the largest democracy. Governance is a multi party system. According to the constitutional provision, the party with the majority majority has the right to form a government through a general election and its leader will be the Prime Minister of India. After achieving independence in 1947, the Congress Party, which played a leading role in the struggle for independence, emerged as a ruling party in India. This party continued to rule till 1977. For this reason there were crowds with many political parties in India, which was largely confusing to the people. In 1977, the Janta Party-the integrated power of opposition parties took the place of the long ruling party, the Congress. But only for a few years. For the first time in 1989, coalition politics took a new look in the Indian political system. Coalition means coalition
With different political parties who form the government to come together on the same platform.
V. P. The first coalition government led by Singh was a great ally. Congress again started to rule. Duration of 1989-91
Nothing like the emergence of a happy consensus emerged as a coalition. Instead we had the Mandal Commission and the Rath Yatra. By becoming a joint India, they separated themselves very far.
Even moderate commentators continued to give praise to the coalition politics. When the NDA alliance took over, we
It was assured that the latent communalism of the BJP has now been investigated and there are such legends of secularism in the form of George
Fernandes will control Hindu fundamentalists. But nothing like this could be seen. Such experiences prove that the coalition works against India's interests. The big advantage for coalition politics is that it leads to restraint and consensus - is totally illusion. And all obvious losses - squid for births, slow pace of decision making, absence of a clear ideology etc. -From any potential advantages
Too bad, these days the nature of the parties that any coalition should be involved. The sad truth is that almost
No party in India is around the ideology, but around the personality of a leader or family. In some cases the leader's charisma prevails with the calculation of caste. Every party is based on charisma and family. Some, if any, really believe in any of these parties. In almost every case the party has no democracy. No new leader will ever emerge from his post. Success and succession are determined by birth.
When we talk about the coalition politics of the Center, we are not actually talking about the coalition of parties such as Congress, BJP or CPM. To reach the majority of the figures, each coalition will get M.P. from many of these parties. , Many of whom will have to be ministers.
Thus, it does not matter how much a party hates the other, how much it supports the ideology of another. The only concern for them is how many MPs of the party are there. None of this can be good for India. As our politics divides among regional dynasties and caste-based parties, all central governments have to bow before the demands of these regional dictators, their sons, their chronicles and their criminal friends. When these parties have to send ministers to Delhi, they all
Care of the state and the care of regional issues. None of them has any vision of India or any commitment to the good of the whole country. Therefore, the coalition is not a healthy diet for the people of India. Word note: Coalition - a temporary union of political
Essay on the Meaning of Coalition - 900 Words
After the 1967 elections, the use of coalition began in India. But, before discussing this, it would be interesting to study what the coalition system is. Broadly speaking, coalition means to unite and come together in one body for a particular purpose, in other words it means pooling of resources to achieve a particular purpose.
This means the combined use of resources and the joint action of different groups or organizations is a joint coalition of different parties in one government. In the word of Og, "Alliance, as employed in political sense, usually refers to a cooperative system under which members of different political parties, or all such parties, are united to form government or ministry. "
Coalition clearly comes into existence and both material and psychological nature have some benefits and rewards, and for this the partners must have two or more. As soon as they come together on certain conditions and on the strength of the part company, as soon as the existence of those conditions ceases.
In each coalition the participants are the ones to leave the harsh attitude and follow the principle of giving and taking. There will be more elasticity, more stable coalition in the approach.
The parties joining the coalition agree to the minimum program, but before reaching, there is always some bargain for each participant to get the maximum benefit. This program becomes the goal of all political parties to achieve during their participation period.
But this does not mean that once the parties form a coalition, they fully merge their identity. All parties continue to maintain their identity. As soon as any partner of the coalition is difficult to pull well with other companions (s) who quit the coalition. In this process, another party which was not a coalition partner could join it and thus support the coalition.
It is also possible that some political parties or parties may break due to internal fights and decide to join the coalition as a distant group alliance and the other can stay away from it.
When all parties agree to work together to implement a special program, but do not merge themselves to form a new party, then the coalition is called. But as soon as they decide to merge themselves to form a new party, there is no coalition.
This happened when the Janata Party was formed and again it can be said about the formation of the Lok Dal. In some cases, a political party may not like to join the coalition but it can support it from the outside. In 1979, a section of the Congress Party gave its support from outside Chaudhary Charan Singh government. Similarly, the government has vp. Singh was elected in 1989 by BJP Was backed by. From outside
In 1995, B.J.P. Extended support from outside, the Ms Mayawati government is in UP In that case it can be called an indirect coalition partner. However, at any point of time, such support has been left to every political party to withdraw. Thus, the coalition system is a continuous process in which political parties come and go and new people join and come back and move on in the same way.
A coalition can be a member of any profession or area of activity. It is not necessary to say that parties and organizations in the political arena are involved in efforts to share power and it has the best possible benefits and due to all the obstacles political efforts make every effort to win the area.
Each party goes far to avoid defeat, and for this purpose she uses all the tools and methods. The main objective of the coalition is to capture power immediately or in the near future.
A coalition can work both in strategy or formally. In the former sense, it means the role of a single party in power, but working with the indirect support of other political parties, while the parties who decide to come together in the latter case, they join freely and share power .
This happened in 1979, when Charan Singh made a caretaker government. Congress (I) then Y.B. Chavan and AIADMK joined the coalition government as leader of parliamentary party in the Lok Sabha, but Congress (I) CM Stephen decided to give support to the government from outside, as party leader in the Lok Sabha, but decided not to join the Charan Singh-led government.
In 1989, when the National Front formed the government, both the BJP and Left parties decided to extend support from outside and did not join the government. Coalition can be made for creative as well as for destructive purposes.
When a coalition is formed with the aim of pulling the political party in power and also to provide an alternative government, then it can be called a positive alliance.
But when the parties come together and come together, then with the object that is not taking the burden of pulling the government already in power and forming a new government, or providing any other better option, then such alliance is called a negative coalition can go.
Coalition partners may never think of permanent friendship. All of them realize that it is a short-term arrangement to achieve only a special period and nothing further from this. In politics it means to gain political power from the opponent and to maintain it for maximum period.
It is all temporary arrangement and is in agreement with selfish motives. In this, the confrontation is not over, but they are kept separate at the moment, but as soon as there is a tension between coalition partners.
Essay on Politics of Coalition Government in India - 1750 Words
India won its independence in 1947 and played a leading role in winning this independence Congress, as a political party.
The leader of the Congress party, then there were great leaders - the legend - in fact for this reason and dedicated to the party he served. Mahatma Gandhi was an undisputed leader and Jawaharlai Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, C. Rajagopalacharya, Pattabhi Sethmayya, Sarojini Naidu, Subhash Chandra Bose and all other castes were the leaders of such caliber as a host. Cultures
Among the Muslims, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan, Abul Kalam Azad, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai and the lower castes - the lower castes were called - Kamaraj and Dr. in the south. B.R. Ambedkar Nobody ever thought of caste and creed - all were fighting for freedom and fighting a joint and joint fight against a foreign rule.
Politics was not for power but to break the wings of foreign power. Purpose and objectivity were perfection - the ways could have been quite different. Subhash Chandra Bose did not mix eyes with Mahatma Gandhi's creed of non-violence and resigned as Congress president.
Chandrashekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh, Ashfaqullah, Ras Bihari Bose and other such youthful enthusiasts were a group of revolutionaries, who wanted to gain freedom from violent means. They were feeling uneasy and restless with Gandhian policy of peace. In all these methods and methods, there was complete solidarity in achieving an objective with ideological differences - freedom from foreign gambling All these leaders had a character; His dedication was, he believed.
India achieved independence in 1947, but communal politics started raising its head. The Muslim League and Jinnah could not accept anything less than a separate country - Pakistan - as against India - that was India. From here, there has been a change in communal and caste lines.
Mahatma Gandhi had his own thinking and agenda regarding the Dalit class - the British called them Scheduled Castes-Shudras in the hierarchy of the old caste. Mahatma Gandhi was ready to uplift this Dalit class and bring him into the mainstream of the social life of the country.
He called them by a new nomenclature - he called them 'Harijan'. The feeling of sympathy towards this class increased so much that Dr. Ambedkar - One of the great legal luminaries and one of the leaders of the Constitution of Independent India - himself belonging to Scheduled Castes - provided ration to Scheduled Castes. Matters of jobs etc. But they envisaged a period of fifteen years for the upliftment of this class and enough to bring it at the educational and cultural level with the so-called upper classes.
Thus began the politics of communities and castes, which was yet unknown in the political sphere. The creation of Pakistan created an eternal crack between two major communities of India - Hindu and Muslim - and the 'Harijan' factor created a clear consciousness that there was a class of such people who were given proper representation in all areas. Was there. The reservation policy was adopted and accepted.
All of this had a huge impact on the political level and influenced the country's future politics and formed the basis of coalition governments.
After the country attained independence, Pandit Jawaharlai Nehru was elected to lead the country as Mahatma Gandhi as the Prime Minister. From 1947 to 1957, the Congress remained a major party, but the government headed by Pandit Nehru, in the governance, crushed corruption and caste politics. It was seen that the formation of the Cabinet was necessary for the representation of all the communities and castes to the Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Scheduled Castes and other communities.
The first case of corruption at high places was recorded as Defense Minister in the purchase of air craft at Krishna Menon level and the second case was Mundra matter. The gradual decline began in the overall rule of the country and in 1962, the country was the biggest blow to Chinese aggression, in which India suffered a major insult for Krishna Menon, as Defense Minister was largely responsible. .
Apart from this, on the economic front, the government failed to remove the inequalities between the rich and the poor, but rather the inequalities increased, and there was a voice about backward classes - which were considered economically backward - and In addition to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, another section of 'Other Backward Classes' came into existence and Chaudhary Charan Singh, otherwise basically a Congress leader and backward Became champions of squares
During Indira Gandhi's rule, an attempt was made to maintain power and money and muscle strength and media, officers interpreting the law and educational system - all these were managed in her favor.
Right after independence, Mahatma Gandhi had suggested that the Congress should be dissolved in the form of a political party. It was certainly not done, but under Indira Gandhi, many older veterans in the party had begun to break into a vertical form to join the party, formed under Congress (O) under Nijalingappa and Indira Gandhi Made its own group and named it Congress (I) Of course, 1971 election was won by Indira Gandhi and her Congress. The slogan 'In Garibi Hatao' worked in his favor, but soon after Loknayak Jay Prakash Narayan, a public movement (mass movement) was started in the whole country and the confidence of the people of the government was shaken. In a rage, Indira Gandhi announced an Emergency in 1975 - declared its first Emergency - and ground leaders of all top leaders and even the opposition parties were put behind the bars in the most humiliating and inhuman conditions.
This situation was created for the people and leaders of various political parties, who opposed the coming of a banner and coming along with Indira Gandhi on one platform. Jana Sangh, Socialist, Congress (O), Indian Lok Dal all joined hands.
Emergency enforcement made them aware of the fact that remaining in the form of a scattered group would keep them weak to fight against Congress (I). The Janata Party was formed - the first coalition party - and he won the election of 1977, became the Morarji Desari Prime Minister. Minister. But the differences soon appeared in the partners, and this first coalition government failed and Congress (I) returned to power in the elections of December 1980.
With the merger of Charan Singh's Lok Dal, Democratic Socialist Party, National Congress and some dissidents of Janata Party in 1984, the Dalit Mazdoor Kisan Party (DMKP) was formed and in 1984 elections, this combination formed the main opposition.
In 1984, Indira Gandhi's assassination again brought tide in favor of Congress (I) and Rajiv Gandhi won the Lok Sabha election with her party, which had 415 seats in the Lok Sabha. Rajiv Gandhi had come to call for a clean government, but with the Bofors deal coming up as a symbol of corruption at a high level, this call could hardly catch up. V. P. Singh, who launched the charge, resigned from the cabinet and the Congress, and formed the Jan Morcha and this Jan Morcha came to power in the elections of November 1989.
Then the issue of the Mandal Commission came and VP Singh spearheaded the movement and encouraged caste equations to capture the votes of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. He urged for 27% reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes already existed for more than 22.5% of the backward classes.
The Janata Dal was split on this issue and Chandrashekhar formed the government for a short time. Mulayam Singh Yadav, on the other hand, built his vote bank of OBC and Mayawati and with Bahujan Samaj Party, Mayawati and Kansi Ram tried to pull the rug under Mulayam Singh's feet to make the lower-caste vote bank. With the demolition of the Babri Masjid, the BJP again caught the imagination of the people and won the party in the elections of 1996 and became the largest party in the parliament.
But for the formation of the government, the BJP had to seek out supporters of Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress and Jayalalithaa AIADMK in West Bengal - these two women kept Atal Bihari Vajpayee's coalition government on the tender hook and ultimately the government could not survive . Unbelief vote then became the prime minister of Gowda Alliance governments; And even she came Had to be replaced by. Gujral
Congress demanded to sack DMK government in Tamil Nadu and after the government refused to do so, Congress withdrew support and IKK. Gujral again became the reason for a mid-term election. The next general election of the Lok Sabha was won by the NDA in the Common Minimum Program and there was a coalition government coalition government at the center which was at the top of the affairs at the Center.
The Bihar coalition government is also forming government in UP states. Jats have been given OBC status in UP. In order to maintain the governments, the caste is being conquered. This was followed by the UPA coalition which was at the top of the affairs in the center.
As a matter of fact, standing in the national political scene, it seems necessary that now coalition governments have become the rule of the day regional parties are taking the favor of voters in their areas and they have to woo these parties and stay in good humor. Governments are formed and run
In order to satisfy all the coalition partners, there is a 90-member cabinet in UP and the same scenario is bound to emerge throughout the country over time. Caste politics, regional parties and coalition governments seem to be a compulsory form, but this whole scenario is disappointing. As far as the general national perspective is concerned.
If there is no national agenda and only to play for regional interests, how can India claim to be a nation? If the coalition has come into existence, as it seems that they have, it is necessary for coalition partners to look not only towards their instantaneous and transitory benefits; They should come with an agreed agenda before the election as the NDA did; But they should keep an eye on the national scenario in the national scenario.
Nation and national interest should be supreme - caste and communal benefits are very narrow and should be stopped at all cost, otherwise the nation and voters will be cheated, which can be allowed to the level in which there is no government in the center or state .