We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Gender Discrimination in India in English language for students in 1100 words. In this article cover Topic : Gender discrimination is highly visible in India, Gender discrimination in different fields, Government of India passed different laws and launched new schemes and Other organisations working against gender discrimination.
Gender discrimination in India means health, education, economic and political discrimination among men and women. Today our country offers many opportunities for women with everyday life, business world as well as voice in political life.
Nevertheless, India is still a man-dominated country, where women are often seen as subordinate and low level for men. Although India is moving away from male domination culture, discrimination in rural and urban areas is still very visible in every section of the society. Whereas women are guaranteed equality under the constitution, legal protection has limited effect where patriarchal traditions prevail.
According to the Global Gender Gap Report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2015, India has been ranked 108 on the gender gap scale between 145 countries. When the gender breaks into differences, India performs well on political empowerment, but it performs poorly on sex selective abortion.
India also performed poorly on the overall literary and health ranking of women. In the ranking of India's 108th ranking, overall the figure was 0.664, while Iceland recorded a total of 0.887 points.
The Constitution of India has tried to give equality status to women.
- Article 15 states that any woman can be discriminated on the basis of gender and on the basis of Article 39 (A), that the citizens and women of the citizen have equal rights for adequate livelihood resources.
There are many areas of life where women are deprived of opportunities. Discrimination against women begins with their birth and continues through their lives. This is evident from the decline in child sex ratio of India. According to the 2011 census, the child sex ratio in India was 9191 to 1000 males, which declined by 1000 males from 927 females in the last decade. The key factor for the rejected gender ratio is the prevalence of extreme poverty; dowry and son in the female feticide community, there are some reasons for female feticide.
Gender discrimination on the economic front
Economic gender discrimination can be seen in the labor participation of women. According to the 2011 census, the employee's participation rate for men is 25.51%, while for men there is 53.26%. Women have been enjoyed in various advertisements like washing machines, cooking utensils, perfumes etc.
Inequality in education
Another major factor of discrimination is the right of education. According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate of women is 65.46%, which is 82.14% compared to men. Only female states like Kerala and Mizoram have high female literacy rates, the main reason behind the low female literacy rate is the parent's mind, for whom the girl's marriage is more important than their education.
Gender discrimination in healthcare sector
Gender discrimination is also clear in the healthcare sector. This is a male child who receives all the nutrition and favored food, while the girl is left behind whatever she gets. One of the main causes of high incidence of anemia in difficult births and women is bad quality of food, which a girl gets in her father's house or in her in-laws house
Discrimination in politics
Gender discrimination is also being seen in the political participation of women in India. Women's involvement in politics is not very effective. The number of women politicians compared to men is small. Most women are indifferent to politics; it is evident in their low participation in public demonstrations and public debates. In the 2014 parliamentary general elections of India, women voted 65.63%, while 67.09% of the votes were cast. Bills for giving 33% reservation of seats for women in the Lok Sabha are still pending in Parliament.
Gender discrimination in career options
Such an area where gender discrimination in India is widespread, although India claims many female athletes like PT Usha, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, PB Sindhu, Sakshi Malik, Deepa Karamkar and in such cases who have received praise and India has made India proud. In Rio Olympics, only women's athletes won medals for their country. Women's discrimination is more common in the field of sports than in other areas.
The major problems faced by women's players are social, psychological, financial and family hurdles.
Government initiatives to ensure gender equality
Various protective laws have been passed to eliminate the exploitation of women by the Parliament and give them equal status in the society. Government of India has taken several steps to ensure gender equality in the country and has passed various acts.
Hindu Succession Act (1956), Dahi Prohibition Act (1961), DC and PNDT Act (2002), 33% seats in Panchayat for women. Sexual harassment of women in the workplace (prevention, prohibition and prevention) Act, 2013, there are some laws to protect women's interests in our society.
Further government has introduced some schemes to reduce gender discrimination, such as "Beti Bachao, Beti Padoh", Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya "Mother and Child Tracking System", Indira Gandhi Mitravata Sahayog Yojana etc.
Apart from these initiatives taken by the Indian government, many organizations are working against gender discrimination. This includes; All India Democratic Women's Association, National Commission on Women, Ministry of Women and Child Development
Therefore, there are various legislative safety measures and security mechanism for women, but the reality of land is very different. Despite all these provisions, women still consider citizens of second rate in our country. Therefore, what is the need for movement for women's empowerment? We hope that our democratic government will be able to solve the problem of gender discrimination and take us into a truly cherished dream of modern society in both thinking and action.