We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on E-Governance : Initiatives and Challenges in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : What is 'E-governance' ?, India's progress towards E-governance, Large number of E-governance initiatives taken by our government, Introduction of G2G project, Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) and different divisions, Some recent initiatives in the field of E-governance taken by the Government of India, Advantages of e-Governance and Challenges faced by e-Governance.
The term 'governance' is more comprehensive than the word 'government'. Governance can be defined as an activity governing or controlling a country by its government, controlling an organization or company by its CEO or board of directors or To control the house by the head of the house.
'E-Governance' can be defined as operating with the help of a country, organization, company or a domestic information and communication technology (ICT). E-governance provides a efficient, prompt and transparent process for disseminating information and running government administrative activities to the public, and other agencies. National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) is an initiative of the Government of India to make available to the citizens of India through all electronic means of the Government of India.
India started its e-Governance initiative with the establishment of National Informatics Center (NIC) in 1977. But with the introduction of NICNET (National Informatics Center Network), the main emphasis was given for e-governance, which was a national satellite based computer network, after which the district information of National Informatics Center (DISNIC) for computerization of all district offices in the country The system was launched, for which free hardware and software was offered to the state governments . NICNET was extended for all district headquarters through the state capitals till 1990.
A large number of e-governance initiatives were taken at the union and state levels. In 1999, the Ministry of Information Technology was created. By 2000, a 12-point minimum agenda for e-Governance was identified by the Government of India for implementation in all Central Government Ministries / Departments. The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for the integration of services of e-Governance, exchange of information, communication transactions, different stand-alone systems and services is available.
1. Government to Customer (G2C),
2. Government to Business (G2B) and
3. Government to Government (G2G)
The goal of e-governance from the government (GC) is to provide different ICT services to the citizens in an efficient and economical manner, using technology and strengthening the relationship between the government and the citizens. Under G2C, various projects, Karnataka Government, Lokvani Project, Government of Uttar Pradesh, e-Mitra, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Government of Andhra Pradesh has started e-service, Gyan Das' AI Madhya Pradesh Government.
Trade from Government (G2B) is an online non-commercial contact with the aim of providing business information and advice between local and central government and commercial business sectors. G2G demonstrates movement between government agencies and trading companies through the Internet is
MCA-21, implemented by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, like e-Procurement of Andhra Pradesh Government was started. E-Government is a very broad topic and is an attempt to fulfill today's demands. G2G is electronic sharing of data and / or information systems between government agencies, departments or organizations
G2G aims to support e-government initiatives by improving communications, data access and data sharing. Some successful G2G projects are Smart Governments of the North-East Gang Information System (NEGIS), the Government of Karnataka Government, Andhra Pradesh. In addition, the Central Government started Mission Mode Projects (MMP).
A Mission Mode Project is a separate project within the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), which focuses on one aspect of electronic administration, such as banking, land records or commercial taxes etc. With NeGP 'Mission Mode' it shows that projects are clearly defined objectives, scope and timeline and milestone implementation, as well as measurable results and service levels.
NeGP includes 31 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs), which are further classified as central, state and integrated MMP. Central MMP includes banking, central excise and customs, income tax (IT), insurance, MCA 21, passport, immigration, visa and foreign registration and tracking, pension, e-office, postal, vid. State MMP includes agriculture, commercial tax, e-district, employment exchange, national land records management program (NLRMP), municipalities, e-Panchayat, crime and criminal tracking network and systems (CCTNS), road transport, treasury computerization, PDS, education Are included. and health. Integrated MMP includes CSC, e-Biz, E-Court, e-Procurement, EDI for E-Trade, National e-Governance Service Delivery Gateway, India Portal etc.
Some of the recent initiatives taken by the Government of India in the field of e-governance in the country are
- Based on the permission of line interoperable financial inclusion transactions through any bank's business correspondent using the base-based authentication, the competent enable payment system (AEPS)
- The aim of the Digital India program is to transform the country into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
- Direct cash transfer for facilitating the distribution of governmental rights such as NREGA, Social Security Pension etc., of any central or state government using the basis on the basis of UIDAI (Indian Unique Identification Authority).
- In order to connect the Internet with remote villages in the country launched in 2014, e-Revolution plans
Some states, such as West Bengal, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh have implemented e-government modules in Panchayat. MMP for e-governance in municipalities is applicable under phase-1 of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and is applicable to 65 mission cities. The government has to publish all the information online through websites. This information can be assisted through the localization of centralized storage, content and content management. The information of the government is public information; therefore citizens are entitled to every information of the government, because the government is for people, for people and for people.
Despite its advantages, e-governance faces many challenges in many ways. Universal access to the internet is still far away in India, there is a widespread digital divide between rural and urban India in India, thus access to e-governance initiatives is very limited. Further states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala and others in e-governance, but others like Bihar, Jharkhand, and the Northeast are lagging behind.
In order to successfully implement e-governance in India, a vision is needed to meet the vision to overcome the challenges in the implementation of e-governance. After this, there is a need to develop the environment for effective implementation of e-governance in India. Despite all the challenges, there are award-winning e-governance projects in India. Therefore, we can say that e-Governance is the key to "good governance" for developing countries like India to reduce corruption, provides efficient and effective or quality services to its citizens.