We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Right to Information Act (RTI) : Revolutionary Tool in Democracy in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Definition of RTI, How did RTI movement develop ?, RTI Act was passed, RTI became a global trend, It is implemented at all levels, viz, union, state, local etc., Other similar legislative mechanism for strengthening RTI and Strong movements in Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat help to apply RTI.
The participation of citizens for successful democracy is one of the main materials. It is very important to provide information in the control of public officials and to establish government records for investigation. Due to these factors, the convenience of a legislative system, Right to Information (RTI) Act
RTI can be defined as an act of Parliament of India, the "Act to establish a pragmatic rule of right to information for citizens" Act explicitly directs that to promote transparency and accountability Each public authority will provide reasons for its administrative and semi-judicial decisions.
This RTI Act 2005 provides the opportunity to use information related to public officials. This act provides information related to records, documents, memos, emails, opinions, advice, press releases, orders, contracts, reports, data content, any material held in any electronic form, and any private organization in any form Defines 'information' as any material including, under any law, public authority can be used by that time, in this manner RTI can be used. Aasan has made a major change in culture and has tried to move the powers of democracy into the hands of the people.
This Act was to confront the 'Government Intelligence Act' imposed by the British in 1923. Under this act, red tape, corruption, fraud and deep rooted corruption have developed. RTI fundamental rights have been taken from the freedom of speech under article 19 of Indian Constitution.
The Right to Information came from the Civil Society Group, under the leadership of Aruna Roy, the Labor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) demanded the reasons for not paying the wages to the workers under the leadership of poor villagers in Bever, Rajasthan, under the leadership of Aruna Roy. Put on hold This led to the establishment of the RTI movement.
The National Campaign for the Right to Information (NCPRI) and the Press Council of India had prepared the RTI draft in 1996. The government had issued a bill of information in Parliament in 2002, but unfortunately it could not become an act.
In 2004, the UPA government started preparing the draft RTI for RTI in the National Advisory Council (NAC) under RTI. When the bill was introduced for the first time, then it was only to implement the Central Government. NCPRI has compelled the government to review and implement it with many amendments. Finally, on October 13, 2005, the RTI Act was passed in Parliament. This made the faith again in democracy. In recent years, RTI has become a global trend. The need for RTI Act was felt to ensure responsibilities and accountability of community needs.
An institutional mechanism like Central Information Commission (CIC), State Information Commission (SIC), Public Information Officer (PIO) and Appellate Authority, to implement RTI as all levels such as Union, State, Local and Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Authority CIC meant to accept cases when the applicant was not satisfied with the response to the Central Authority, the second appeal mechanism, when wrong information was given and the request at the lower level was not accepted. Therefore, it acts as a monitoring institution at the highest level. It emphasizes the establishment of SIC, but according to the second ARC report, 6 states have not formed SIC including Bihar, Jharkhand, Sikkim.
Along with RTI, there are other similar legislative mechanisms to strengthen RTI, such as the Whistleblower Protection Bill, 2011; Complaint Redressal Bill, Lokpal, Lokayukta etc. After the killing of Satyendra Dube, the Whistleblower Protection Bill began, which revealed the scandal in 2004 in NHAI. Under Article 33, the signature of the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) is signed by the Whistlebluners to the Government of India. The findings of the Commonwealth HR Initiative (CRRI) show that in the last 10 years, 49 RTI workers were killed, and 260 attacks on workers were carried out.
The grievance redressal bill creates a way for the citizens to get the government's right and the failure to distribute RTI information will be taken against the government officials, which will go forward to ensure the quality of the service. Lokpal, Lokayukta also tends to fight against corruption with RTI. The Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill, 2010, the right to service also strengthens the culture of transparency in the country.
Worker Kisan Shakti Sangathan has given the rural face to RTI, whereas activists like Anjali Bharadwaj, Satish Shetty are active in urban areas.
There have been strong agitations with states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. In Maharashtra, the movement against corruption was kept by Anna Hazare, who delivered the RTI bill to the district and Kerala in Marathi language) Taluka level For the demand of RTI from the government side, he went to the funeral in 1996 in Anandi. The Maharashtra government established special courts to resolve this issue within two months, imposing a fine of 100 fines for delayed information every day.
The main role of RTI is for the creation, maintenance and dissemination of information such as disclosure of PDS database, whole life cycle of civil databases etc. But this law is not without challenges, challenges in the administration, such as structural, procedural, military issues have to be faced.
First of all, it is difficult to request the common man as a method of payment to insist on the apathy and demand draft of officials. Therefore, he will have to spend 35 rupees as a bank to pay RTI fee. The rate of disposal of the case is low, it is especially due to the vacancy of posts in C IC and SIC. After 10 months of the end of Rajiv Mathur, there was a vacancy in relation to CIC's post.
Many RTI activists were killed, one of whom was Satish Shetty, who exposed the land scam in Maharashtra and killed in 2010. Amit Jethwa was killed in front of Gujarat HC in daylight to fight illegal mining. Shehla Masood, who fought against hunting of tigers in Madhya Pradesh, was also killed.
Under section 8 of the Act, there are many waivers under security, defense, foreign policy, law enforcement, public safety and cabinet papers. RTI has created lakhs of ombudsmen and led the empowerment of citizens. Due to the right to information, democracy, administrative and recruitment scandals, irregularities in PDS, the scams of MNREGA violations in communal riots in Godhra, under AFSPA, have been demonstrated.
This act has been conceived and distributed in a better concept which will lead India to reduce corruption in government departments. It is a recognition of democracy that requires information and transparency of citizens for information on better functioning.