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Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was born on September 10, 1887 in a small hill village of Almora district in Khunt. His father's name was Mr. Manorat Pant. He was a government employee in Garhwal district. Mr. Economic Pant's economic situation was not good, for this reason he could not have his family with him. When Govind was only four years old, his mother came to Almora near Raibhadur Dutt Joshi.
Child Govind's early education was initiated in Almora itself. He was a brilliant student. He passed the examination of class eight and ten in first class. In 1905, Ranjey College passed Intermediate examination from Almora. At the age of 18, he entered Central College, Allahabad. The same time Bengal was on the rise in the blood of the Indian revolutionaries due to partition. At that time, Govind was staying in 'McDonnell Hindu Boarding House'. They were also impressed by this.
In February 1907, Gopalakrishna Gokhale had arrived in Allahabad. A general gathering was organized on this occasion. This meeting was chaired by Pandit Motilal Nehru. Gokhale's speech was revolutionary. Govind Ballabh Pant was impressed by her. Patriotism has become a home in his heart and mind.
He passed the highest marks in the Vidyalaya examination from Allahabad University. He was awarded Gold Medal Govind Ballabh Pant started advocating at Nainital. In a short time, he became a famous advocate of Kumaon.
In 1926, when the patriots of Kakori Kand were prosecuted, then Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant introduced fearlessness and patriotism as a defense advocate. In November 1926, he was elected to the Legislative Council of Uttar Pradesh from Nainital district, due to his revolutionary steps, on 31 March 1928, 'Simon Commission' had to return to Injland. On 11 October 1928, 'Simon Commission' came to India again. After this, Govind Ballabh strongly opposed this. The six-feet-long body of Pandit Ballabh Panta was beaten by the police badly
In 1937, Pantzi was elected the leader of the Congress Legislative Party of Uttar Pradesh. In 1940, Panaji was imprisoned for his personal satyagraha. At the end of World War II, he was elected a member of the 'Central Parliamentary Board'. He was re-elected for the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Thus he became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
In December 1984 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru invited him to come to Delhi. There he was given the charge of the Home Ministry. In this way, from 1954 to 1961, he became the Home Minister of India. Pantzi was also the President of the Official Language Committee of the Parliament. In 1957, Pantzi was honored with Bharat Ratna, the country's highest civilian honor.
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant died on March 7, 1961.