Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Democracy in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 500, 600 and 2400 words.
Essay on Democracy - 500 Words
The ancient Greek word 'democracy' is literally 'governed by population'. The demo actually means that people and 'people' in any area or region mean the entire population or adult population of the tribe or nation. People's government, but people are next definition. In fact, people's rule is done by people, because people have the next meaning. They may be different on some or all issues, but still traditional democracy leads them towards the governmental goal.
In practice, people represent most of the population who have played the powers to make decisions in matters. They are strongly resolved by the people of the country and follow them. The concept does not permit the enforcement of decisions on a minority with majority. Instead, with the majority, democracy increases on the willingness of the minority. In other words, minority and opposition parties have to play an important role in the democratic system.
Democracy guarantees some basic rights and freedom for individuals and its voters. These rights are known as fundamental rights. Democracy imposes regime by adopting President of India. This practice is going on for all matters related to governance in democracy. The system guarantees independence of freedom for speech between speech, equality and other people's rights.
However, democracy gives full value of freedom to its people, yet there are some serious impediments to attachment in it. This is a small 'cumbersome process. The production achieved is also slow and expensive. Molding mass is not an easy task for a common solution. It is more of the weight of frogs in a common pan. Each of the people has their own opinions and presents it for easy implementation and does the anti-speed process. This is a very expensive process. Those who hold the ruling seats, evaluate the powers with the duration of their stay on the officers' seat.
Replacement, elections and sub-elections are in common phase in democracy. The whole process involves a lot of finance and indirect tax is levied on the general taxpayers. It creates corruption in employees and politicians and they abuse power. The minority government encourages party politics to vote. They adopt inappropriate methods to capture seats / booths and votes. Thus, a bad element is boiled to catch control. Part of human energy is spent in maintaining a clear group with politicians and thereby, there are very few residues in balance to meet the needs of the people.
Democracy is more like justice supervision. Judge more people raise voice and they take additional care in deciding this issue. Political security breathes air of prejudice and the best way to loot this loot is to reduce the faith of the people in this channel.
In spite of these flaws, people get better results in adopting this change in the setup and they willingly want to adopt it along with it to reduce it. When we get the failure of other channels then there is a lot of popularity in the system. Let's hope that this will improve and will be sent in better way over time. Let people become the best judge and let them become decisive about the next shape of democracy.
Essay on Democracy - 600 Words
India is the world's largest democratic country. Democracy is defined as people's government for people and people.
Democracy is considered to be the best form of government in which every person deliberately participates and in which people make sovereign power determining their destiny. Therefore, people are the last source of power in democracy and its success and failure depend on their knowledge, consciousness and alertness.
In a big country like India, it is not possible for all the people to participate in the government. This is the reason why they need to use their franchisees and select their representatives at regular intervals. These representatives of parliament make laws and make responsible government.
Such governments can be either unity or federal. We have a federal form in India which is responsible for parliamentary and governments in both states, elected and equally responsible for their legislative assemblies in responsible states. But those who participate in the election of their representatives should be educated enough to see what is good for them and who will be the right people to represent them.
After many years of colonial rule, India was liberated in 1947. In the next years, India made its constitution, which declared India as a democratic federal republic. The first democratic election on the basis of universal adult franchise was organized in 1952. However, during that election, the people of India did not really have the necessary consciousness to understand democracy. They did not have the education to choose between good and evil. Many people were suffering from old age poverty, ignorance and superstitions. Many of them did not understand the difference between the British and the new rulers. However, the entire election process was conducted through the democratic process.
Even today, after so many years, people in India are not very different, because many of them are uneducated. A large number of people are below poverty level. Despite the efforts made by the government, Indian democracy could not make the desired change and could not achieve the goal of food for everyone, shelter for everyone, basic needs for everyone and education for everyone.
There are some situations needed for the success of democracy in India. That is:
- Empowerment of poor and uneducated for enjoying and protecting democracy;
- Desire of honesty among elected representatives, and the desire to take advantage of voters' ignorance and poverty;
- Wish between intelligent, educated and skilled people to assume leadership;
- Desire among elected people not to abuse their powerful position and public property;
- Elimination of social evils and threats by which democracy is suffering;
- Fair, fair and efficient press to make public opinion;
- The presence of strong public opinion;
- Feeling tolerance and communal goodwill among people;
- Awareness among the people of fundamental rights that they are entitled to enjoy;
- Conscious investigation and vigilance on the work of elected representatives;
- Powerful, and responsible opposition.
It is believed that democracy has been in grave crisis. Because, it has failed to meet the expectations of humans.
Every form of government, whether democratic or dictatorship, has both advantages and disadvantages. Indian democracy without any doubt is very effective and it has proven to be very successful. It has successfully ensured individual independence.
It is true that, despite the various efforts, democracy has failed to meet human expectations. It has failed to completely eliminate poverty, injustice, social evils and inequalities from the Indian society.
However, we must bear in mind that there is no better form of government than the Democratic government. It is beyond doubt, that there is a better form of government that the aristocracy, dictatorship, and the king. There is no better option for democracy. To make a better society and nation, with the union and state governments, people of India should come together to fight the miseries of human life.
Essay on Democracy - 2400 Words
Traditional historical sources have said that in some cities and states of ancient Greece, democracy was started 2,500 years ago, it is important to know that in the form of Vedic period, democratic institutions were present in India.
Chanakya's economics and Knukita of Shukkacharya tell us that in ancient India, an autonomous village community was the original unit of local government with 'Panchayat' on its head.
The accountability system was created, a member of the Panchayat can be declared disqualified due to moral turpitude or financial mismanagement. The important thing is that women were given the franchise and they had the right to the candidate.
Representative Parliament, the products of the 19th and 20th century became the central institution of democratic governments. "Democratic ideas promoted rebellion against colonialism and modem laid the foundations of welfare state."
Contrary to communism or socialism, democracy has never been identified with a definite theoretical source. Sub-product of the entire development of the Renaissance civilization, it indicates a set of ideals and political system.
The meaning of democracy:
The word democracy is derived from the Greek word, demo and cretos, which means that people and later power Thus, democracy means people's power. It is now considered as a government in which people rule directly or indirectly through their representatives.
The definition of democracy, as a government, is different. But like many other definitions in political science, they differ in their content and application. The meaning of Greek means that the government considered many and the Aristotle government as the deformed form of government.
Modem authors have not considered democracy as a deformed form of government. What was the polity for Aristotle democracy for us? Nor do they employ only numerical ideas to designate it.
His emphasis is that in the democracy all the people, who are suitable for fulfilling the duties of citizens, should be a part of the state and their desire should ultimately prevail. Seeley means a government in which everyone has a share.
Dice defines democracy as a government in which the governing body is a comparatively large part of the whole country. Bris accepts the definition of Herodotus and states that democracy shows the form of government in which the ruling power of the state is entirely contained in the members of the community.
He further said, "It means in communities that act by voting, that rule is related to the majority, because there is no other method found to be peaceful and legally defined which should be declared the wish of the community That is not the consensus. "
"Democracy is not a way of ruling majority or otherwise, but it is primarily a way of determining who will rule and what will be widespread, in this choice of choosing the consent of rulers and voters. The freedom includes that those people who receive the mandate should rule alone. This means that democracy is a popular basis and it is without the consent of the governed The Su.
But the only consent of the people is not enough to make the government democratic. People should have to use words of their own "clock-dogs". The people's consensus should be real, active and effective to create an actual democracy.
Eternal alertness is the life of democracy, if democracy can actually claim, in the words of President Abraham Lincoln, for people's government, people and people. The government is definitely always the people, but it does not require people's government. The monarchy and elite people have governments but not by the people.
A government by people means that people control themselves either directly or through their representatives, and their desire is supreme on all the questions of the government's social direction and policy.
However, it is not right to say that democracy is a government by the representatives of all people. Bris explains that "people" has been a different word, and it is quite different from Aristotle, or even Lincoln.
Now it means the majority of people. According to Bris, democracy is a form of government "in which the desire for a majority of the rules of the qualified citizen, to make the deserving citizens the great inhabitants ..."
It is clear that democracy allows every eligible citizen to express opinions on the affairs of the state. But it can not be secured that every person's opinion will affect the affairs of the state.
Not all citizens can be agreed on all the questions of importance. Apart from this, all citizens can not have any sound in determining the government's policy. Even the most enthusiastic democracies will not even vote for crazy, criminals or infants.
Partnership is always limited by age; And often by sex, because recently it is that women have been given franchises in many major countries, and many people have not yet received them. In many states, franchise is limited to those who have a certain amount of property, and in most cases there is a minimum requirement for literacy and education.
Therefore, democracy does not mean participation by all people. Whenever we talk about the government with the will of people or people, we mean that there is a desire for majority for that time.
There are two reasons for the desire of the majority. First of all, they are on the full prospect of getting right from the minority. The majority, when considered as a collective, have the right to their knowledge, which can be better than any minority.
For one thing, it has been pointed out that there are many minority groups in the community, each of which claims to be superior and intensely intelligent than the other.
Often a minority can fight with others in a serious way, which constitutes the rational causes of action. By allowing permission to control the majority, there is a problem of deciding which of the various minorities is "really" superior. Second, in most cases the majority is physically stronger than the minority.
Unless a majority misuses its power, it is politically mandatory for the minority minority to submit it as per their wishes, not the majority should be forced. But it should be acknowledged that "the dissatisfaction of the minority force has constituted a special difficulty for the government established on the principle of consent."
Democracy can succeed only when minorities feel that they have not been subjected to harassment by majority and their case has been heard properly. When we believe that there is a political equality under the democratic government, we mean that such opportunities are allocated to all citizens "to decide on the work of political engineers, whose decisions affect their lives . "
This is only when the government can be by the people. A democratic government can not please anyone else with political or an elite government. But formerly every citizen accepts the speech, publication and rights of the union. These rights are an integral part of democracy because they may be able to discuss free discussion and continuous participation of people in government.
Accordingly, a government should be meant by the people to discuss and criticize the government for competitive ideas and discussions, "An agreement has to be taken to resolve all thoughts and which can be accepted by everyone because it is raided by everyone . "
The rights of minority, majority are embedded in the basic democratic elements of liberty, equality and rationality. When men discuss together collectively, their goodness and rationality increases at the height.
During the discussion, they exchange facts and ideas and appreciate the interests and ideas of others. In this way the majority emerges with their emotions and hopefully what is best for the society. In fact, it is rare for minorities to implement their will to the majority.
The majority of the majority will emphasize on fair and fair play because the appropriate members of the minority will emphasize on submission and obedience, as today a minority tomorrow can become the majority.
This gives democracy a government of restraint in which reciprocity prevails, i.e. with the majority, the minority and both respect respect for restraint related to each other.
For the people, the meaning of government can best be explained in the words of Magazine: "Through all, the progress of everyone is led by the leadership of the best and wiser." The government's test is the welfare of the people, and the choice of the government as it is to give human trends to the largest extent for development.
The primary function of the democratic government is like any other type of government. But, besides, "democracy itself encourages activities, for participation in government activities, opens wide horizons for the person and gives rise to widespread interests."
Lessons of democracy are freedom, equality, brotherhood and rationality. Its principle is that all persons, who are suitable to fulfill the duties of the citizens, should participate in the direction of the state so that each person has the same opportunity to develop and expand their potential, and there is no man or men's Group that will take advantage of others' weakness.
Democracy does not distinguish between humans and humans. It raises the common man on the basis of social and political glory and it means the government for the people.
There must be a democratic society for a democratic government. A democratic government is the goal of justice and happiness. Justice, because no person or class or group will be strong enough for others; Happiness because every person decides the best for his good, he will have every opportunity to follow it. "The principles of freedom and equality are.
Equitable by the results generated by them. "Here is a reference to the famous memoir of freedom and equality Kant:" Therefore act as the treatment of humanity, whether in your person or in the other, in every case in the end, and never as a mere means. "This is a democratic society, because it gives birth to a democratic ideal in the human brain.
It is a man who, as a person and worthy of dignity, recognizes a democratic society, and then, it is worth and dignity for a person who maintains a democratic government and guarantees it.
The goal of both of them is how the bent has decreased in a beautiful formula: everyone is counting for one and nobody is more than democratic. Therefore, when the democratic government is democratic, the democratic government can be in existence and can grow.
Dunn has correctly commented that our failure to understand democracy in a broad sense as a society is the main reason for being under severe criticism.
"Democracy" writes Sir Stafford Cripps "a system of government in which every adult citizen is equally independent to express his thoughts and desires on all subjects, and influenced to make decisions according to his fellow citizens Does those ideas, and to influence those desires. "
This means that equality of faith or work is neither necessary nor desirable in democracy. Truth comes from the struggle of opinion only with opinion and every citizen has some value to contribute and should not be interrupted by bringing it forward.
Thus, democracy is inherent in equality and can be found in democratic society in which all classes enjoy equal rights and privileges without the barriers of discrimination.
Wolf says, "A democratic society is a society of independent, equal, active and intelligent citizens, every person chooses his own way of life and wants others to choose that others should choose their own." The basis of human brotherhood is the democratic society and all its members are common in common brotherhood. Birth, wealth, caste, or creed do not determine the condition of man.
A society with social and economic inequalities can not be called a democratic society. Social and economic inequality brings inequality of healing and rights. Where a common man is not as good as a factor of society, true citizenship can not be secured and a democratic government can not be successful in such a democratic society.
Communists give a new meaning to democracy. They deny the need for a democratic government, but emphasize the need for a democratic state and for them the democratic state is just a socialist state with the dictatorship of the proletariat.
They ridicule the western system of democracy with their economic and social disparities and see the speed of the minorities, which is the life of democracy in the form of hypocrisy, because the minorities exist for them to help eliminate the privilege. does not do.
It is only in a socialist society that is classified, he asserted that there are no exploits and no exploitation has been done. Everyone is a toileer and there is no resistance from them.
But communists are not really democrats and they do not have a democratic state. They do not allow the existence of only one party, communist, and opinion differences in the socialist structure of society.
All should be ideologically committed communist and should be influenced with socialist sentiment. The dictatorship of the proletariat is a transitional phase in the development of socialism. When socialism is fully established, then the state "dries up" and places a communist society. It can be democracy, but as we understand it.
According to our perception, democracy is not an enemy to the state. It is the best form of government and is a permanent feature of the state in which equal opportunity is given to every person to contribute their decisions for the determination of public policy.
As a principle of society, democracy stands for the social order which recognizes the underlying value of every human being and never ends in the common man. But such recognition can only be ensured by the state and guaranteed by its laws.
Therefore, it is difficult to define democracy and Freeman correctly says that "Generally it is difficult to make what the modem writers mean by democracy." This is not the only form of government. Dewey has reasonably said that "to say that democracy is only a form of government, it is like saying that there is a less or less geometrical arrangement of home bricks and mortars, or it is church-pus, pulp and peak With a building. "
According to Barker, democracy is a way of the soul, who claims to have an attitude of their mind, and only those who claim it can practice it. There is a synchronization of thoughts and actions and it is the essence of democracy.